Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of red wine?
Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.
How is red wine made?
To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.
What gives red wine its color?
Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.
How do you serve red wine?
The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.
How long does red wine last?
Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- Red Wine9180
- Pinot Noir1463
- Cabernet Sauvignon1378
- Bordeaux Red Blends1059
- Other Red Blends964
- Rhône Blends455
- Other Red Wine173
- Cabernet Franc102
- Petite Sirah81
- Tuscan Blends48
- Nero d'Avola22
- Petit Verdot8
- Touriga Nacional5
- St. Laurent3
- Nerello Mascalese2
- Alicante Bouschet1
Scarecrow Cabernet Sauvignon (bin soiled label) 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
Ornellaia Masseto 2005Merlot from Tuscany, Italy
Domaine Perrot-Minot Gevrey-Chambertin Les Perrieres Premier Cru Vieilles Vignes 2005Pinot Noir from Gevrey-Chambertin, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Stags Leap District, Napa Valley, California
Domaine Perrot-Minot Nuits-Saint-Georges La Richemone Premier Cru 2005Pinot Noir from Nuits-St-Georges, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
Domaine Serene Grace Vineyard Pinot Noir 2005Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Louis Jadot Chapelle-Chambertin Grand Cru 2005Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
Kamen Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter) 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
Marques de Murrieta Castillo Ygay Gran Reserva Especial 2005Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
Diamond Creek Red Rock Terrace Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Diamond Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
Currently Unavailable $259.97Try the 2018 Vintage 279 99259 97259 97Save $0.00 (0%)
Nickel & Nickel Branding Iron Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, CaliforniaCurrently Unavailable $109.97Try the 2018 Vintage 99109 97109 97Save $0.00 (0%)
La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 890 Tinto 2005Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
Alban Lorraine Estate Syrah 2005Syrah/Shiraz from Edna Valley, Central Coast, California
Pride Mountain Vineyards Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from North Coast, California
Realm Cellars Beckstoffer Dr. Crane Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from St. Helena, Napa Valley, California
Glaetzer Amon Ra Shiraz 2005Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
DuMOL Eddie's Patch Syrah 2005Syrah/Shiraz from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
Etude Deer Camp Pinot Noir 2005Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
Etude Estate Grace Benoist Ranch Temblor Vineyard Pinot Noir 2005Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
Quilceda Creek Galitzine Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2005Cabernet Sauvignon from Yakima Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
Chateau Cos d'Estournel 2005Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France