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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Opus One  2007 Front Label
    Opus One 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP95
    • WS94
    4.7 16 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $499.97
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  • Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon 2007 Front Label
    Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon 2007
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP100
    • WS98
    • JS96
    4.2 16 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $3,699.97
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    3,699 97
    3,699 97
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  • Kapcsandy Family Winery State Lane Cabernet Sauvignon Grand Vin 2007 Front Label
    Kapcsandy Family Winery State Lane Cabernet Sauvignon Grand Vin 2007
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP100
    • WS94
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $579.97
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    579 97
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  • Joseph Phelps Insignia 2007 Front Label
    Joseph Phelps Insignia 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • RP99
    • WS96
    • CG96
    • TP96
    • JS95
    • WE94
    • W&S91
    4.6 23 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $339.79
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    339 79
    339 79
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  • Vinedos de Paganos El Puntido Gran Reserva 2007  Front Label
    Vinedos de Paganos El Puntido Gran Reserva 2007
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • RP96
    • WW93
    4.2 6 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $52.99
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    52 99
    52 99
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  • R. Lopez de Heredia Rioja Vina Tondonia Reserva (375ML half-bottle) 2007  Front Label
    R. Lopez de Heredia Rioja Vina Tondonia Reserva (375ML half-bottle) 2007
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • RP96
    • W&S94
    4.6 8 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $34.99
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    50
    34 99
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  • Tenuta San Guido Sassicaia (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2007 Front Label
    Tenuta San Guido Sassicaia (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Bolgheri, Tuscany, Italy
    • RP95
    • WE95
    • JS93
    • WS93
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    599 97
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  • Bond Pluribus 2007 Front Label
    Bond Pluribus 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Spring Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
    • RP98
    • WS97
    • JS93
    • W&S93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $499.97
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    499 97
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  • Scarecrow Cabernet Sauvignon 2007 Front Label
    Scarecrow Cabernet Sauvignon 2007
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
    • RP100
    • JS100
    • WS97
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $1,039.97
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    1,039 97
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  • Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2007 Front Label
    Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2007
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
    • WE98
    • JS98
    • RP93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $279.97
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    279 97
    279 97
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  • R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Bosconia Reserva 2007  Front Label
    R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Bosconia Reserva 2007
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • TA96
    • JS95
    • RP93
    3.9 51 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $39.99
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    45
    39 99
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  • Sine Qua Non Dangerous Birds Syrah 2007 Front Label
    Sine Qua Non Dangerous Birds Syrah 2007
    Syrah/Shiraz from California
    • JS100
    • RP98
    • WS95
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $947.97
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    947 97
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  • PlumpJack Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2007  Front Label
    PlumpJack Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2007
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP100
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    629 97
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  • Dugat-Py Mazis Chambertin 2007 Front Label
    Dugat-Py Mazis Chambertin 2007
    Pinot Noir from Gevrey-Chambertin, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • WS96
    • RP95
    • BH95
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    739 97
    739 97
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  • Domaine Pierre Usseglio et Fils Chateauneuf-du-Pape Mon Aieul (1.5 Liter Magnum - scuffed label) 2007  Front Label
    Domaine Pierre Usseglio et Fils Chateauneuf-du-Pape Mon Aieul (1.5 Liter Magnum - scuffed label) 2007
    Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
    • RP99
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    499 97
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  • Bond Vecina 2007  Front Label
    Bond Vecina 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • RP100
    • WS94
    • JS94
    • W&S94
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $529.97
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    529 97
    529 97
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  • Quilceda Creek Palengat Proprietary Red Blend 2007 Front Label
    Quilceda Creek Palengat Proprietary Red Blend 2007
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Yakima Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
    • RP96
    • WE92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $139.97
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    139 97
    139 97
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  • Azienda Agricola Zyme Amarone della Valpolicella Classico 2007 Front Label
    Azienda Agricola Zyme Amarone della Valpolicella Classico 2007
    Other Red Blends from Valpolicella, Veneto, Italy
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      Currently Unavailable $259.00
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      259
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    • Bodegas Valdemar Conde de Valdemar Gran Reserva 2007 Front Label
      Bodegas Valdemar Conde de Valdemar Gran Reserva 2007
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      • W&S90
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $32.99
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      37
      32 99
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    • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2007 Front Label
      Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2007
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP97
      • JD95
      4.1 5 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $209.00
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      209
      209
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    • Corra Winery Cabernet Sauvignon 2007 Front Label
      Corra Winery Cabernet Sauvignon 2007
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP97
      • WS96
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $209.97
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      209 97
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    • Ceretto Barbaresco Asili Bernardot 2007 Front Label
      Ceretto Barbaresco Asili Bernardot 2007
      Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
      • RP93
      • JS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $129.97
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      129 97
      129 97
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    • Anderson's Conn Valley Vineyards Eloge 2007 Front Label
      Anderson's Conn Valley Vineyards Eloge 2007
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • RP98
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $74.99
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      95
      74 99
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    • Beaux Freres Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2007 Front Label
      Beaux Freres Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2007
      Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $125.00
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        125
        125
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      • Kistler Vineyards Kistler Vineyard Pinot Noir 2007
        Pinot Noir from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $169.97
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          169 97
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