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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Domaine Comte Georges de Vogue Musigny Vieilles Vignes 1999  Front Label
    Domaine Comte Georges de Vogue Musigny Vieilles Vignes 1999
    Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
    • V97
    • BH96
    • WS93
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  • Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1999 Front Label
    Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1999
    Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
    • RP94
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    789 97
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  • Paolo Scavino Barolo Rocche dell'Annunziata Riserva 1999  Front Label
    Paolo Scavino Barolo Rocche dell'Annunziata Riserva 1999
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
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    • Bryant Family Cabernet Sauvignon 1999 Front Label
      Bryant Family Cabernet Sauvignon 1999
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
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    • Bussola Amarone Vigneto Alto TB 1999
      Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
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      • Gaja Conteisa 1999  Front Label
        Gaja Conteisa 1999
        Nebbiolo from Piedmont, Italy
        • RP92
        • WS90
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      • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1999  Front Bottle Shot
        Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1999
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • WS95
        • RP90
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      • Behrens & Hitchcock Ode to Picasso Red (1.5L Magnum) 1999 Front Label
        Behrens & Hitchcock Ode to Picasso Red (1.5L Magnum) 1999
        Other Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
        • RP93
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      • Chateau Leoville Poyferre  1999 Front Label
        Chateau Leoville Poyferre 1999
        Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
        • W&S92
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      • Pahlmeyer Napa Valley Proprietary Red 1999 Front Label
        Pahlmeyer Napa Valley Proprietary Red 1999
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
        • WS94
        • RP90
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      • Sebastiani Merlot 1999 Front Label
        Sebastiani Merlot 1999
        Merlot from Sonoma County, California
        • WS88
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      • Yalumba The Signature Cabernet/Shiraz 1999  Front Label
        Yalumba The Signature Cabernet/Shiraz 1999
        Other Red Blends from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
        • JS96
        • RP95
        • W&S91
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      • Robert Biale Vineyards Monte Rosso Zinfandel 1999
        Zinfandel from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
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        • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  1999 Front Label
          Chateau Mouton Rothschild 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • RP93
          • WS90
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        • Opus One  1999 Front Label
          Opus One 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
          • WS93
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        • Joseph Phelps Insignia 1999 Front Label
          Joseph Phelps Insignia 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
          • WS94
          • RP91
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        • Chateau Haut-Brion  1999 Front Label
          Chateau Haut-Brion (stained label) 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
          • RP93
          • WS92
          • JS92
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        • Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1999 Front Label
          Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1999
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS95
          • RP94
          • WE94
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        • Rudd Jericho Canyon Vineyard Proprietary Red 1999 Front Label
          Rudd Jericho Canyon Vineyard Proprietary Red 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
          • WE93
          • RP92
          • WS92
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        • Harlan Estate 1999 Front Label
          Harlan Estate 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
          • WE96
          • WS95
          • RP94
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        • Verite La Muse 1999 Front Label
          Verite La Muse 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
          • RP96
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        • Harlan The Maiden 1999 Front Label
          Harlan The Maiden 1999
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
          • RP90
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        • Antinori Tignanello 1999 Front Label
          Antinori Tignanello 1999
          Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
          • RP94
          • WS90
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        • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1999  Front Label
          Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1999
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
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          • Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1999 Front Label
            Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1999
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
            • RP95
            • WS94
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