Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of red wine?
Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.
How is red wine made?
To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.
What gives red wine its color?
Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.
How do you serve red wine?
The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.
How long does red wine last?
Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- Red Wine3278
- Cabernet Sauvignon630
- Pinot Noir405
- Bordeaux Red Blends324
- Other Red Blends257
- Rhône Blends101
- Petite Sirah21
- Tuscan Blends21
- Other Red Wine20
- Cabernet Franc19
- Nero d'Avola1
- Petit Verdot1
- Pinot Meunier1
- Touriga Nacional1
- Alicante Bouschet1
Domaine Comte Georges de Vogue Musigny Vieilles Vignes 1999Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1999Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
Paolo Scavino Barolo Rocche dell'Annunziata Riserva 1999Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Bryant Family Cabernet Sauvignon 1999Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Bussola Amarone Vigneto Alto TB 1999Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
Gaja Conteisa 1999Nebbiolo from Piedmont, Italy
Behrens & Hitchcock Ode to Picasso Red (1.5L Magnum) 1999Other Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Pahlmeyer Napa Valley Proprietary Red 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Sebastiani Merlot 1999Merlot from Sonoma County, California
Robert Biale Vineyards Monte Rosso Zinfandel 1999Zinfandel from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
Chateau Haut-Brion (stained label) 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1999Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Rudd Jericho Canyon Vineyard Proprietary Red 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Harlan Estate 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Verite La Muse 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
Harlan The Maiden 1999Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Antinori Tignanello 1999Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1999Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, CaliforniaCurrently Unavailable $99.99Try the 2016 Vintage 79 9999 9999 99Save $0.00 (0%)
Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1999Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California