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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • William Hill Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1982 Front Label
      Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1982
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP90
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    • Il Poggione Brunello di Montalcino Riserva Vigna Paganelli 1982 Front Label
      Il Poggione Brunello di Montalcino Riserva Vigna Paganelli 1982
      Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
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      • Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande  1982 Front Label
        Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande 1982
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
        • RP100
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      • Diamond Creek Volcanic Hill Cabernet Sauvignon 1982 Front Label
        Diamond Creek Volcanic Hill Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
        Cabernet Sauvignon from California
        • WS92
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        129 97
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      • Chateau Cos d'Estournel  1982 Front Label
        Chateau Cos d'Estournel 1982
        Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
        • RP95
        • WS95
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        Currently Unavailable $349.97
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        349 97
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      • Chateau Canon 1982
        Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
        • WS96
        • RP92
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        Currently Unavailable $349.00
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        349
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      • Opus One (cut capsule) 1982 Front Bottle Shot
        Opus One (cut capsule) 1982
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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        • Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou (stained label) 1982 Front Label
          Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou (stained label) 1982
          Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
          • RP96
          • WS91
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        • Chateau La Lagune  1982 Front Label
          Chateau La Lagune 1982
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Medoc, Bordeaux, France
          • RP92
          • WS90
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          Currently Unavailable $179.97
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          179 97
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        • Chateau Latour  1982 Front Label
          Chateau Latour 1982
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • RP100
          • WS98
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          Currently Unavailable $1,729.97
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        • Chateau Mouton Rothschild 1982
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • RP100
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        • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1982 Front Label
          Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS94
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        • Diamond Creek Gravelly Meadow Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1982 Front Label
          Diamond Creek Gravelly Meadow Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1982
          Cabernet Sauvignon from California
          • WS91
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          Currently Unavailable $360.49
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          400 49
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        • Diamond Creek Red Rock Terrace Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
          Cabernet Sauvignon from California
          • WS90
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          Currently Unavailable $116.99
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        • Diamond Creek Gravelly Meadow Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS91
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          Currently Unavailable $116.99
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        • Chateau Talbot  1982  Front Label
          Chateau Talbot 1982
          Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
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            Currently Unavailable $349.99
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            349 99
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          • Paternina Gran Reserva 1982
            Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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              Currently Unavailable $30.49
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              30 49
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            • Inglenook Rubicon 1982
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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              • Louis Martini Monte Rosso Cabernet Sauvignon 1982 Front Label
                Louis Martini Monte Rosso Cabernet Sauvignon 1982
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                • Faustino I Gran Reserva 1982 Front Label
                  Faustino I Gran Reserva 1982
                  Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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                  • Chateau Certan de May  1982 Front Label
                    Chateau Certan de May 1982
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
                    • WS93
                    • RP93
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                    Currently Unavailable $299.00
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                    350
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                  • Tenuta San Guido Sassicaia 1982
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy
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                    • William Hill Gold Label Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5L) 1982
                      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                      • Borgogno Barolo Riserva 1982  Front Label
                        Borgogno Barolo Riserva 1982
                        Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                        • JS96
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                        Currently Unavailable $469.00
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                        469
                        469
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