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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Duckhorn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Duckhorn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • W&S94
    • WW92
    • WS90
    • WE90
    4.3 165 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $69.99
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  • Petra Zingari Toscana 2017  Front Label
    Petra Zingari Toscana 2017
    Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
    • WS93
    • JS93
    3.9 1152 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $15.99
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    17 99
    15 99
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  • Lemelson Thea's Select Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Lemelson Thea's Select Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • JS93
    • WS92
    4.2 51 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $25.99
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    34
    25 99
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  • Bella Union by Far Niente Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Bella Union by Far Niente Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WE95
    • WW92
    4.3 208 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $64.99
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    80
    64 99
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  • Stags' Leap Winery Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Stags' Leap Winery Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • JS93
    • WE92
    • W&S90
    4.5 70 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $61.99
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    61 99
    61 99
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  • Parducci True Grit Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Parducci True Grit Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Mendocino, California
    • WW90
    3.9 188 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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    30
    19 99
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  • Castello di Monsanto Chianti Classico Riserva 2017  Front Label
    Castello di Monsanto Chianti Classico Riserva 2017
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS95
    • WS91
    4.4 15 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $26.99
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    26 99
    26 99
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  • Pine Ridge Napa Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Pine Ridge Napa Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • JS92
    • RP90
    4.4 24 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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    65
    49 99
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  • Clos de los Siete Red Blend 2017  Front Label
    Clos de los Siete Red Blend 2017
    Other Red Blends from Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina
    • JS95
    • D94
    • WS91
    4.0 170 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $18.99
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    18 99
    18 99
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  • Hall Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Hall Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WW90
    4.2 54 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $54.99
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    65
    54 99
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  • Quintessa  2017  Front Label
    Quintessa 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
    • RP95
    • JS95
    • WW94
    • D93
    • WS92
    4.9 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $184.99
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    200
    184 99
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  • Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
    • JD97
    • JS97
    • WE96
    • RP96
    • V96
    • CG95
    • W&S94
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $174.97
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    200
    174 97
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  • Silverado Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Silverado Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • TP95
    • WW92
    • WE90
    4.0 77 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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    56
    49 99
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  • Paraduxx Proprietary Red 2017  Front Label
    Paraduxx Proprietary Red 2017
    Other Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • WW91
    • JS90
    4.3 174 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $38.99
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    50
    38 99
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  • Clos Apalta  2017 Front Label
    Clos Apalta 2017
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Colchagua Valley, Rapel Valley, Chile
    • JS100
    • RP95
    • D94
    4.3 15 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $119.99
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    119 99
    119 99
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  • Roserock by Drouhin Oregon Eola-Amity Hills Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Roserock by Drouhin Oregon Eola-Amity Hills Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Eola-Amity Hills, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • JS93
    • RP93
    • WE92
    • WW90
    4.2 65 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $35.99
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    35 99
    35 99
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  • Shafer TD-9 2017  Front Label
    Shafer TD-9 2017
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • TP94
    • WS92
    • JD92
    • WE92
    4.5 62 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $69.99
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    69 99
    69 99
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  • Domaine Drouhin Oregon Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Domaine Drouhin Oregon Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Dundee Hills, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • JS94
    • RP93
    4.2 24 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $47.99
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    47 99
    47 99
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  • Guigal Cotes du Rhone Rouge 2017  Front Label
    Guigal Cotes du Rhone Rouge 2017
    Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
      3.7 33 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $15.99
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      18
      15 99
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    • BenMarco Malbec 2017  Front Label
      BenMarco Malbec 2017
      Malbec from Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina
      • JS93
      • RP92
      3.9 279 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $16.99
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      20
      16 99
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    • Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Fay Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
      Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Fay Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Stags Leap District, Napa Valley, California
      • W&S95
      • RP94
      • D94
      • JS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $149.99
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      149 99
      149 99
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    • The Federalist Lodi Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
      The Federalist Lodi Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Lodi, California
        4.0 101 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $15.99
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        20
        15 99
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      • Dominus Estate 2017  Front Label
        Dominus Estate 2017
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
        • V98
        • JS97
        • JD97
        • RP97
        • WE96
        • WS95
        4.4 28 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $224.99
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        224 99
        224 99
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      • Hopes End Red Blend 2017  Front Label
        Hopes End Red Blend 2017
        Other Red Blends from South Australia, Australia
        • TP90
        3.9 156 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $11.99
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        11 99
        11 99
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      • Ancient Peaks Paso Robles Renegade 2017 Front Label
        Ancient Peaks Paso Robles Renegade 2017
        Other Red Blends from Santa Margarita Ranch, Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
        • WE92
        • WW91
        • D91
        • CG90
        3.9 95 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $21.99
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        26
        21 99
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