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Red Wine

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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    Antinori Tignanello 2016
    Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
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    • W&S96
    4.5 32 Ratings
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    Domaine du Vieux Telegraphe Chateauneuf-du-Pape La Crau 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
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    • RP96
    • D93
    4.5 25 Ratings
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    Ornellaia 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Bolgheri, Tuscany, Italy
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    • V96
    4.3 8 Ratings
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    Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from St. Helena, Napa Valley, California
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    • JS95
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    Chateau Lynch-Bages 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
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    • JD95
    • CG93
    4.6 15 Ratings
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    Jamieson Ranch Vineyards Double Lariat Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • D92
    4.7 6 Ratings
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    Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Artemis Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    4.3 260 Ratings
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    Chappellet Signature Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • WW94
    • WE92
    4.5 61 Ratings
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    Domaine les Pallieres Gigondas Les Racines 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Gigondas, Rhone, France
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    • WS93
    4.1 7 Ratings
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    Turnbull Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • WE93
    4.2 37 Ratings
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    Paul Dolan Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Mendocino, California
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    • TP92
    3.8 20 Ratings
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    Honig Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    4.4 17 Ratings
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    Domaine du Clos de Tart Grand Cru Monopole 2016
    Pinot Noir from Morey-St-Denis, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • V99
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    • TA96
    • D95
    • BH94
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    Shafer One Point Five Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Stags Leap District, Napa Valley, California
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    • TP94
    4.5 24 Ratings
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    CADE Estate Cabernet Sauvignon Howell Mountain 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Howell Mountain, Napa Valley, California
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    • JS93
    4.7 27 Ratings
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    Continuum 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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    • V97
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    • WS93
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    Domaine de la Pousse d'Or Corton Clos du Roi Grand Cru 2016
    Pinot Noir from Aloxe-Corton, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
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    • RP94
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    Adriano Marco e Vittorio Basarin Barbaresco 2016
    Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
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    • WS94
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    Vina Robles Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
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    • WW90
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    La Crema Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2016
    Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
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    Duckhorn Napa Valley Merlot 2016
    Merlot from Napa Valley, California
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    4.7 18 Ratings
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    Domaine de la Janasse Chateauneuf-du-Pape Vieilles Vignes 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
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    • D96
    4.6 8 Ratings
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    Louis Martini Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • RP92
    • WW90
    4.3 22 Ratings
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    Chateau La Garde 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
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    • WS90
    • RP90
    3.9 9 Ratings
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    Chateau Montrose 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
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    • RP99
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    • WE97
    • D97
    • WS96
    0.0 0 Ratings
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