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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WW95
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  • Quintessa  2016  Front Label
    Quintessa 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
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  • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
    • WW93
    4.4 80 Ratings
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  • Antica Cabernet Sauvignon (Mountain Select) 2016  Front Label
    Antica Cabernet Sauvignon (Mountain Select) 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Atlas Peak, Napa Valley, California
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    • WE94
    • W&S92
    4.2 94 Ratings
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  • Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Stags Leap District, Napa Valley, California
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    • V100
    • JS98
    • WS95
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  • Bodegas Muga Reserva 2016  Front Label
    Bodegas Muga Reserva 2016
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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    • TA94
    • RP93
    • WW92
    • JD92
    4.2 272 Ratings
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  • Mazzei Chianti Classico Riserva Ser Lapo 2016  Front Label
    Mazzei Chianti Classico Riserva Ser Lapo 2016
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • D97
    • JS95
    • WS94
    • RP92
    • W&S91
    4.0 618 Ratings
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  • Hall Ellie's Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Hall Ellie's Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • WW94
    • RP93
    3.7 5 Ratings
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  • Hall Eighteen Seventy-Three Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Hall Eighteen Seventy-Three Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • RP93
    • WE92
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  • Guigal Cotes du Rhone Rouge 2016  Front Label
    Guigal Cotes du Rhone Rouge 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
    • W&S91
    • RP91
    • JS90
    • JD90
    3.9 561 Ratings
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  • Robert Mondavi To Kalon Vineyard Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Robert Mondavi To Kalon Vineyard Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • TP99
    • RP96
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    • WS93
    • WE91
    4.2 43 Ratings
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  • Antinori Villa Toscana 2016 Front Label
    Antinori Villa Toscana 2016
    Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
    • JS91
    4.0 480 Ratings
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  • Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from St. Helena, Napa Valley, California
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  • Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016  Front Label
    Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Bordeaux, France
    • JS91
    3.7 154 Ratings
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  • Renato Ratti Marcenasco Barolo 2016  Front Label
    Renato Ratti Marcenasco Barolo 2016
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
    • WE97
    • RP94
    • JS92
    • V90
    4.4 50 Ratings
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  • G.D. Vajra Barolo Albe 2016 Front Label
    G.D. Vajra Barolo Albe 2016
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
    • RP94
    • WE94
    • WS94
    • JS93
    4.1 34 Ratings
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  • Il Molino di Grace Chianti Classico Riserva 2016  Front Label
    Il Molino di Grace Chianti Classico Riserva 2016
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • WS95
    • D93
    • JS92
    4.0 120 Ratings
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  • Cardinale Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Cardinale Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • RP97
    • TP97
    • WE96
    • WS93
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  • Antinori Villa Antinori Chianti Classico Riserva 2016  Front Label
    Antinori Villa Antinori Chianti Classico Riserva 2016
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • WS93
    • RP92
    • JS92
    • D90
    4.1 143 Ratings
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  • Chateau La Nerthe Chateauneuf-du-Pape Rouge 2016  Front Label
    Chateau La Nerthe Chateauneuf-du-Pape Rouge 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
    • JD94
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    • WE92
    4.6 123 Ratings
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  • CVNE Vina Real Crianza 2016 Front Label
    CVNE Vina Real Crianza 2016
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • WS91
    • RP91
    3.8 532 Ratings
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  • Hall Kathryn Hall Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Hall Kathryn Hall Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • RP97
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    • JD95
    • WE94
    4.6 46 Ratings
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  • Tait The Ball Buster 2016  Front Label
    Tait The Ball Buster 2016
    Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
    • RP91
    • WS89
    4.2 59 Ratings
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  • Mt. Brave Malbec 2016  Front Label
    Mt. Brave Malbec 2016
    Malbec from Napa Valley, California
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    • RP95
    • JS95
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  • Abadia Retuerta Seleccion Especial 2016  Front Label
    Abadia Retuerta Seleccion Especial 2016
    Other Red Blends from Spain
    • JS95
    • RP93
    4.3 51 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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