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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Tinto 2011  Front Label
    La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Tinto 2011
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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  • Dominus Estate 2011 Front Label
    Dominus Estate 2011
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
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  • Paolo Conterno Ginestra Riserva 2011  Front Label
    Paolo Conterno Ginestra Riserva 2011
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
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    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
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    Bertani Amarone Classico 2011
    Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
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    Hacienda Lopez de Haro Rioja Gran Reserva 2011
    Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
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    • Chateau La Grave a Pomerol  2011 Front Label
      Chateau La Grave a Pomerol 2011
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
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      Corvina from Veneto, Italy
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      Bodegas Volver Tarima Organic 2011
      Mourvedre from Jumilla, Spain
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      • Bodegas Ramon Bilbao Gran Reserva 2011  Front Label
        Bodegas Ramon Bilbao Gran Reserva 2011
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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      • Bodegas Ontanon Reserva 2011  Front Label
        Bodegas Ontanon Reserva 2011
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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        Conde de Hervias Torre del Conde de Hervias 2011
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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      • Fattoria dei Barbi Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2011 Front Label
        Fattoria dei Barbi Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2011
        Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
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        Chene Bleu Heloise 2011
        Rhone Red Blends from Rhone, France
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        Maldonado Los Olivos Pinot Noir 2011
        Pinot Noir from Napa Valley, California
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        Antiyal 2011
        Other Red Blends from Maipo Valley, Chile
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      • Vite Colte Essenze Barolo del Comune di Barolo 2011  Front Label
        Vite Colte Essenze Barolo del Comune di Barolo 2011
        Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
        • JS93
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      • La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Tinto (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2011  Front Label
        La Rioja Alta Gran Reserva 904 Tinto (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2011
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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      • Bodegas Fernando Remirez de Ganuza Rioja Gran Reserva 2011  Front Label
        Bodegas Fernando Remirez de Ganuza Rioja Gran Reserva 2011
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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        • Badia a Coltibuono Sangioveto 2011 Front Label
          Badia a Coltibuono Sangioveto 2011
          Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
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          • WE90
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