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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • Yalumba Patchwork Shiraz 2014 Front Label
    Yalumba Patchwork Shiraz 2014
    Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa, South Australia, Australia
    • JS92
    • WW91
    3.7 155 Ratings
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  • Kendall-Jackson Vintner's Reserve Chardonnay 2017  Front Label
    Kendall-Jackson Vintner's Reserve Chardonnay 2017
    Chardonnay from California
    • WE90
    4.2 203 Ratings
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  • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
    Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WW94
    4.6 16 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $124.99
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  • Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
    Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
    Cabernet Sauvignon from St. Helena, Napa Valley, California
    • WW98
    • WS94
    • WE91
    4.3 36 Ratings
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  • Whitehaven Sauvignon Blanc 2019  Front Label
    Whitehaven Sauvignon Blanc 2019
    Sauvignon Blanc from Marlborough, New Zealand
      4.4 36 Ratings
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    • Ancient Peaks Paso Robles Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
      Ancient Peaks Paso Robles Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Santa Margarita Ranch, Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
      • WW90
      • W&S90
      4.3 48 Ratings
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    • Bellissima Zero Sugar Sparkling Wine Front Label
      Bellissima Zero Sugar Sparkling Wine
      Non-Vintage Sparkling Wine from Prosecco, Italy
        4.4 94 Ratings
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      • Lemelson Thea's Select Pinot Noir 2016  Front Label
        Lemelson Thea's Select Pinot Noir 2016
        Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
        • JS93
        • WS91
        4.4 8 Ratings
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      • Honig Sauvignon Blanc 2018 Front Label
        Honig Sauvignon Blanc 2018
        Sauvignon Blanc from Napa Valley, California
        • JS92
        • WS91
        • WW90
        4.3 75 Ratings
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      • Raymond Reserve Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
        Raymond Reserve Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • JS97
        • RP92
        • WW92
        • JD90
        4.0 25 Ratings
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      • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
        Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
        • WW92
        • D92
        4.5 75 Ratings
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      • Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel 2017 Front Label
        Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel 2017
        Zinfandel from Sonoma County, California
        • WS91
        • WE91
        • JD90
        • RP90
        4.2 161 Ratings
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      • Col d'Orcia Brunello di Montalcino 2013  Front Label
        Col d'Orcia Brunello di Montalcino 2013
        Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
        • JS94
        • WE93
        • RP91
        4.5 12 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $57.99
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      • A to Z Pinot Noir 2016  Front Label
        A to Z Pinot Noir 2016
        Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
        • WE90
        • W&S89
        3.8 36 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      • Grgich Hills Estate Chardonnay 2016  Front Label
        Grgich Hills Estate Chardonnay 2016
        Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
        • D97
        • WE93
        • JS92
        4.1 27 Ratings
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      • Quintessa  2016  Front Label
        Quintessa 2016
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
        • JS98
        • RP97
        • JD96
        • WS93
        • WW93
        4.8 26 Ratings
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      • Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2014 Front Label
        Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2014
        Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
        • JS90
        4.2 40 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $13.99
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        13 99
        13 99
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      • Hall Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
        Hall Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • JD94
        • WW93
        • RP92
        • WE90
        4.4 50 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $59.99
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      • Novellum Chardonnay 2017 Front Label
        Novellum Chardonnay 2017
        Chardonnay from Languedoc-Roussillon, France
        • JD92
        3.8 64 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $13.99
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      • Wente Morning Fog Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
        Wente Morning Fog Chardonnay 2018
        Chardonnay from Livermore Valley, Central Coast, California
        • WE91
        4.4 8 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $14.99
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      • Kendall-Jackson Grand Reserve Chardonnay 2017 Front Label
        Kendall-Jackson Grand Reserve Chardonnay 2017
        Chardonnay from Santa Barbara, Central Coast, California
        • JD92
        • V90
        • RP89
        4.2 45 Ratings
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      • Bodega Chacra Barda Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
        Bodega Chacra Barda Pinot Noir 2018
        Pinot Noir from Patagonia, Argentina
        • JS94
        • RP93
        4.0 36 Ratings
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      • Ghost Block Oakville Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2016 Front Label
        Ghost Block Oakville Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
        • WS93
        • WE92
        4.1 10 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $74.99
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      • King Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2016  Front Label
        King Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2016
        Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
        • JS92
        • WE91
        • WS90
        • W&S90
        4.2 61 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $24.99
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        29
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      • Vietti Perbacco Nebbiolo delle Langhe 2016  Front Label
        Vietti Perbacco Nebbiolo delle Langhe 2016
        Nebbiolo from Piedmont, Italy
        • RP93
        • WS91
        4.2 55 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $26.99
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        26 99
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