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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Opus One (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2013 Front Label
    Opus One (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2013
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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  • La Lecciaia Brunello di Montalcino 2013  Front Label
    La Lecciaia Brunello di Montalcino 2013
    Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS95
    • V93
    4.0 42 Ratings
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  • Marques de Riscal Rioja Reserva 2013 Front Label
    Marques de Riscal Rioja Reserva 2013
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      4.2 72 Ratings
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    • Poggio Antico Brunello di Montalcino 2013 Front Label
      Poggio Antico Brunello di Montalcino 2013
      Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
      • JS94
      • RP93
      • D92
      • ST92
      • WS92
      4.5 18 Ratings
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    • Fontanafredda Serralunga d'Alba Barolo 2013 Front Label
      Fontanafredda Serralunga d'Alba Barolo 2013
      Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
      • WE93
      • RP92
      • JS92
      • WS90
      4.4 13 Ratings
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    • Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013  Front Label
      Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013
      Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
        3.8 17 Ratings
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      • Jarvis Estate Grown Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 Front Label
        Jarvis Estate Grown Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • WS90
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      • Vina Vik  2013  Front Label
        Vina Vik 2013
        Other Red Blends from Cachapoal Valley, Rapel Valley, Chile
        • TP98
        • JS96
        • WS92
        • WE92
        • V92
        • RP90
        4.4 6 Ratings
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      • Prunotto Mompertone Monferrato 2013 Front Label
        Prunotto Mompertone Monferrato 2013
        Other Red Blends from Piedmont, Italy
        • JS92
        3.8 13 Ratings
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      • Ramey Pedregal Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 Front Label
        Ramey Pedregal Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
        • WW98
        • RP95
        • V95
        • WS94
        • D94
        • JS92
        4.3 15 Ratings
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      • Heitz Cellar Trailside Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 Front Label
        Heitz Cellar Trailside Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
        • WE95
        • JS94
        • WW94
        • WS93
        • W&S91
        4.6 5 Ratings
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      • Cousino Macul Finis Terrae 2013 Front Label
        Cousino Macul Finis Terrae 2013
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Maipo Valley, Chile
        • TA94
        • JS91
        • WS90
        4.2 28 Ratings
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      • Calendal Cotes du Rhone Villages Plan de Dieu 2013 Front Label
        Calendal Cotes du Rhone Villages Plan de Dieu 2013
        Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone Villages, Rhone, France
        • RP92
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      • Bevan Cellars Tench Vineyard EE 2013 Front Label
        Bevan Cellars Tench Vineyard EE 2013
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
        • RP96
        • WS94
        0.0 0 Ratings
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      • Podere Brizio Brunello di Montalcino 2013 Front Label
        Podere Brizio Brunello di Montalcino 2013
        Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
        • RP92
        • D90
        0.0 0 Ratings
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      • Andrew Will Winery Ciel du Cheval 2013 Front Label
        Andrew Will Winery Ciel du Cheval 2013
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Yakima Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
        • W&S94
        • WE92
        • RP92
        • JS92
        • WS91
        0.0 0 Ratings
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      • Scherrer Winery Scherrer Vineyard Old & Mature Vines Zinfandel 2013 Front Label
        Scherrer Winery Scherrer Vineyard Old & Mature Vines Zinfandel 2013
        Zinfandel from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
        • V93
        • RP93
        • WS90
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      • No Girls La Paciencia Vineyard Grenache 2013 Front Label
        No Girls La Paciencia Vineyard Grenache 2013
        Grenache from Walla Walla Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
        • RP95
        • WE94
        • WS93
        0.0 0 Ratings
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      • Marchesi di Barolo Barolo Cannubi 2013 Front Label
        Marchesi di Barolo Barolo Cannubi 2013
        Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
        • JS95
        • WS93
        • RP93
        • D93
        • WE90
        0.0 0 Ratings
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      • Col d'Orcia Brunello di Montalcino 2013  Front Label
        Col d'Orcia Brunello di Montalcino 2013
        Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
        • JS94
        • WE93
        • RP91
        4.5 14 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $64.99
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      • CVNE Rioja Reserva 2013 Front Label
        CVNE Rioja Reserva 2013
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
        • JS92
        3.8 12 Ratings
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      • Ravenswood Old Hill Zinfandel 2013 Front Label
        Ravenswood Old Hill Zinfandel 2013
        Zinfandel from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
        • W&S92
        • WE90
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        60
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      • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013  Front Label
        Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
        • WE96
        • JS95
        • W&S92
        4.6 9 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $249.99
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      • Gaja Camarcanda 2013 Front Label
        Gaja Camarcanda 2013
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Bolgheri, Tuscany, Italy
        • WS95
        • RP95
        • JD93
        4.5 10 Ratings
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      • Tarapaca Gran Reserva Etiqueta Azul 2013 Front Label
        Tarapaca Gran Reserva Etiqueta Azul 2013
        Other Red Blends from Maipo Valley, Chile
        • JS94
        • WE91
        4.6 33 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $46.99
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        46 99
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