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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • La Lecciaia Brunello di Montalcino 2013  Front Label
    La Lecciaia Brunello di Montalcino 2013
    Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
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  • Casanova di Neri Brunello di Montalcino Cerretalto 2013 Front Label
    Casanova di Neri Brunello di Montalcino Cerretalto 2013
    Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
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    • D96
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  • Vina Vik  2013  Front Label
    Vina Vik 2013
    Other Red Blends from Cachapoal Valley, Rapel Valley, Chile
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    • RP90
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  • Bouchard Pere & Fils Beaune Greves Premier Cru Vigne de l'Enfant Jesus 2013 Front Label
    Bouchard Pere & Fils Beaune Greves Premier Cru Vigne de l'Enfant Jesus 2013
    Pinot Noir from Beaune, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
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    • BH92
    • WS90
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  • Altesino Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2013 Front Label
    Altesino Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2013
    Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
    • WS97
    • RP94
    • JS93
    • WE93
    4.8 8 Ratings
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  • Prunotto Bussia Barolo (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2013  Front Label
    Prunotto Bussia Barolo (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2013
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
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    • JS93
    • RP92
    • WE90
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  • Hook and Ladder Estate Zinfandel  2013 Front Label
    Hook and Ladder Estate Zinfandel 2013
    Zinfandel from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
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    • Val di Suga Brunello di Montalcino 2013 Front Label
      Val di Suga Brunello di Montalcino 2013
      Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
      • JS93
      • WS92
      • D90
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    • Tenimenti d'Alessandro Il Bosco Syrah 2013  Front Label
      Tenimenti d'Alessandro Il Bosco Syrah 2013
      Syrah/Shiraz from Tuscany, Italy
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    • Il Palagio Sister Moon 2013  Front Label
      Il Palagio Sister Moon 2013
      Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
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      • RP90
      4.4 31 Ratings
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    • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013  Front Label
      Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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      • JS95
      • W&S92
      4.6 11 Ratings
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    • Zolo Black Malbec 2013 Front Label
      Zolo Black Malbec 2013
      Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
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      • RP90
      4.5 7 Ratings
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    • Tolaini Legit Cabernet Sauvignon 2013  Front Label
      Tolaini Legit Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Tuscany, Italy
      • WS94
      • JS91
      3.7 25 Ratings
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    • Andrew Will Winery Ciel du Cheval 2013 Front Label
      Andrew Will Winery Ciel du Cheval 2013
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Yakima Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
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      • WE92
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    • Knights Bridge To Kalon Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 Front Label
      Knights Bridge To Kalon Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
      • JS94
      • WS91
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    • CVNE Gran Reserva 2013  Front Label
      CVNE Gran Reserva 2013
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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      • RP91
      • W&S91
      • WS90
      4.4 7 Ratings
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    • La Spinetta Barbaresco Starderi 2013 Front Label
      La Spinetta Barbaresco Starderi 2013
      Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
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      • JS94
      • WS93
      4.5 6 Ratings
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    • Gaja Rennina Brunello di Montalcino 2013 Front Label
      Gaja Rennina Brunello di Montalcino 2013
      Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
      • RP95
      • WE94
      • JS94
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      • JD93
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    • Andrew Will Winery Champoux Vineyard Horse Heaven Hills 2013 Front Label
      Andrew Will Winery Champoux Vineyard Horse Heaven Hills 2013
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Horse Heaven Hills, Columbia Valley, Washington
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      • JS92
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    • Robert Foley Vineyards Pinot Noir 2013  Front Label
      Robert Foley Vineyards Pinot Noir 2013
      Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
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      • Von Strasser Diamond Mountain Estate Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013 Front Label
        Von Strasser Diamond Mountain Estate Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2013
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Diamond Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
        • W&S92
        • WE90
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      • Valley of the Moon Pinot Noir 2013  Front Label
        Valley of the Moon Pinot Noir 2013
        Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
        • WW89
        4.0 5 Ratings
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      • Zuccardi Q Tempranillo 2013 Front Label
        Zuccardi Q Tempranillo 2013
        Tempranillo from Mendoza, Argentina
        • JS91
        • RP89
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      • Il Molino di Grace Chianti Classico Gran Selezione Il Margone 2013  Front Label
        Il Molino di Grace Chianti Classico Gran Selezione Il Margone 2013
        Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
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        • D90
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      • Hecht & Bannier Cotes du Roussillon Villages 2013 Front Label
        Hecht & Bannier Cotes du Roussillon Villages 2013
        Rhone Red Blends from Côtes du Roussillon-Villages, Roussillon, South of France, France
        • RP90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $21.99
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