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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • La Rioja Alta Vina Ardanza Reserva Seleccion Especial 2010  Front Label
    La Rioja Alta Vina Ardanza Reserva Seleccion Especial 2010
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS96
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    • RP95
    • WS94
    • D91
    4.2 371 Ratings
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  • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  2010 Front Label
    Chateau Mouton Rothschild 2010
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
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    • D100
    • WS99
    • RP98
    • WE98
    4.6 33 Ratings
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  • Paolo Conterno Ginestra Riserva 2010  Front Label
    Paolo Conterno Ginestra Riserva 2010
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
    • JS97
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  • Carlos Serres Gran Reserva 2010 Front Label
    Carlos Serres Gran Reserva 2010
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • WE93
    • RP90
    • TA90
    4.1 37 Ratings
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  • Mommessin Clos de Tart Grand Cru 2010  Front Label
    Mommessin Clos de Tart Grand Cru 2010
    Pinot Noir from Morey-St-Denis, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • RP98
    • WS95
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  • Chateau Pavie  2010 Front Label
    Chateau Pavie 2010
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • RP100
    • JD100
    • WS98
    • JS98
    4.1 8 Ratings
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  • Chateau Simone Rouge 2010 Front Label
    Chateau Simone Rouge 2010
    Rhone Red Blends from Provence, South of France, France
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    • Chateau Leoville Las Cases  2010 Front Label
      Chateau Leoville Las Cases 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
      • WE100
      • D100
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      • JS99
      • RP97
      4.4 23 Ratings
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    • Domaine de la Janasse Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Chaupin (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2010 Front Label
      Domaine de la Janasse Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Chaupin (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2010
      Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
      • RP98
      • WS94
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    • Chateau Malescot St. Exupery  2010 Front Label
      Chateau Malescot St. Exupery 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
      • RP95
      • JS95
      • WS94
      4.2 24 Ratings
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    • La Antigua Clasico Reserva 2010 Front Label
      La Antigua Clasico Reserva 2010
      Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
      • JS91
      4.5 36 Ratings
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    • Arcanum  2010 Front Label
      Arcanum 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy
      • WS93
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    • Bodegas Montecillo Gran Reserva 2010 Front Label
      Bodegas Montecillo Gran Reserva 2010
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      • WE90
      • RP90
      • JS90
      0.0 0 Ratings
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    • Bodegas Ontanon Gran Reserva 2010  Front Label
      Bodegas Ontanon Gran Reserva 2010
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      • WE92
      • TA91
      • WS91
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    • Bodegas Beronia Rioja Gran Reserva 2010  Front Label
      Bodegas Beronia Rioja Gran Reserva 2010
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      • WE93
      • WS92
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    • Hacienda Lopez de Haro Rioja Gran Reserva 2010  Front Label
      Hacienda Lopez de Haro Rioja Gran Reserva 2010
      Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
      • WE90
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    • Chateau Haut-Bailly  2010 Front Label
      Chateau Haut-Bailly 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
      • JS98
      • WW97
      • RP95
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      • WS95
      0.0 0 Ratings
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    • Chateau Montrose  2010 Front Label
      Chateau Montrose 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
      • RP99
      • D98
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      • WE96
      • WW96
      4.3 18 Ratings
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    • Poggio di Sotto Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2010 Front Label
      Poggio di Sotto Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 2010
      Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
      • JS98
      • RP97
      • WE97
      • W&S96
      • WS94
      4.9 7 Ratings
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    • Chateau Haut-Brion  2010 Front Label
      Chateau Haut-Brion 2010
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
      • RP99
      • WS99
      • WE98
      • JS97
      4.8 6 Ratings
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    • Weinert Estate Malbec 2010  Front Label
      Weinert Estate Malbec 2010
      Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
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      • Arzuaga Gran Reserva 2010  Front Label
        Arzuaga Gran Reserva 2010
        Tempranillo from Ribera del Duero, Spain
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        • Damilano 1752 Barolo Cannubi Riserva 2010  Front Label
          Damilano 1752 Barolo Cannubi Riserva 2010
          Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
          • JS99
          • RP96
          • WS95
          5.0 5 Ratings
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        • Torres Grans Muralles 2010  Front Label
          Torres Grans Muralles 2010
          Rhone Red Blends from Spain
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          • W&S93
          • WE92
          • WS90
          5.0 7 Ratings
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        • Bodegas Fernando Remirez de Ganuza Rioja Gran Reserva 2010  Front Label
          Bodegas Fernando Remirez de Ganuza Rioja Gran Reserva 2010
          Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
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