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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Meiomi Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
    Meiomi Pinot Noir 2019
    Pinot Noir from California
      4.2 136 Ratings
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    • Willamette Valley Vineyards Whole Cluster Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
      Willamette Valley Vineyards Whole Cluster Pinot Noir 2019
      Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
      • WE91
      4.1 96 Ratings
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    • Schug Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
      Schug Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2019
      Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • WW91
      3.7 19 Ratings
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    • Domaine Bousquet Premium Malbec 2019  Front Label
      Domaine Bousquet Premium Malbec 2019
      Malbec from Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina
      • WS90
      3.1 14 Ratings
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    • Trapiche Oak Cask Cabernet Sauvignon 2019  Front Label
      Trapiche Oak Cask Cabernet Sauvignon 2019
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Mendoza, Argentina
        4.0 21 Ratings
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      • Zuccardi Concreto Malbec 2019  Front Label
        Zuccardi Concreto Malbec 2019
        Malbec from Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina
        • JS95
        3.3 18 Ratings
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      • Paul Dolan Vineyards Organically Grown Zinfandel 2019  Front Label
        Paul Dolan Vineyards Organically Grown Zinfandel 2019
        Zinfandel from Mendocino, California
        • WW89
        4.1 44 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $17.99
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      • Cusumano Nero d'Avola 2019  Front Label
        Cusumano Nero d'Avola 2019
        Nero d'Avola from Sicily, Italy
        • JS91
        3.5 41 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $11.99
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        14
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      • Adelsheim Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
        Adelsheim Pinot Noir 2019
        Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
          3.6 27 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $29.99
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        • DeLoach Heritage Reserve Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
          DeLoach Heritage Reserve Pinot Noir 2019
          Pinot Noir from California
            3.8 22 Ratings
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          • Cloudline Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
            Cloudline Pinot Noir 2019
            Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
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            • Orin Swift Cellars Abstract 2019  Front Label
              Orin Swift Cellars Abstract 2019
              Other Red Blends from California
                4.2 20 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $39.99
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              • Colosi Nero d'Avola 2019  Front Label
                Colosi Nero d'Avola 2019
                Nero d'Avola from Sicily, Italy
                  4.6 7 Ratings
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                • 19 Crimes Cabernet Sauvignon 2019  Front Label
                  19 Crimes Cabernet Sauvignon 2019
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Australia
                    4.2 42 Ratings
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                  • Jules Taylor Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
                    Jules Taylor Pinot Noir 2019
                    Pinot Noir from Marlborough, New Zealand
                    • WS92
                    • WW91
                    3.4 18 Ratings
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                  • Layer Cake Shiraz 2019 Front Label
                    Layer Cake Shiraz 2019
                    Syrah/Shiraz from South Australia, Australia
                    • WW89
                    3.9 63 Ratings
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                  • Chateau de Saint Cosme Cotes du Rhone 2019  Front Label
                    Chateau de Saint Cosme Cotes du Rhone 2019
                    Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
                    • RP91
                    • WS90
                    4.1 17 Ratings
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                    18 99
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                  • dough Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
                    dough Pinot Noir 2019
                    Pinot Noir from Oregon
                    • WW90
                    3.6 32 Ratings
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                  • Torbreck Woodcutters Shiraz 2019  Front Label
                    Torbreck Woodcutters Shiraz 2019
                    Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
                      4.1 25 Ratings
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                    • Solena Estate Grand Cuvee Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
                      Solena Estate Grand Cuvee Pinot Noir 2019
                      Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
                        0.0 0 Ratings
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                      • Zuccardi Serie A Malbec 2019  Front Label
                        Zuccardi Serie A Malbec 2019
                        Malbec from Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina
                        • JS92
                        3.9 24 Ratings
                        Currently Unavailable $16.99
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                        16 99
                        16 99
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                      • M. Chapoutier Cotes du Rhone Belleruche Rouge 2019  Front Label
                        M. Chapoutier Cotes du Rhone Belleruche Rouge 2019
                        Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
                          0.0 0 Ratings
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                        • Borsao Tinto 2019  Front Label
                          Borsao Tinto 2019
                          Grenache from Spain
                            0.0 0 Ratings
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                          • 19 Crimes Snoop Cali Red 2019  Front Label
                            19 Crimes Snoop Cali Red 2019
                            Other Red Blends from California
                              4.4 305 Ratings
                              Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                              14 99
                              14 99
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                            • McManis Family Vineyards Zinfandel 2019  Front Label
                              McManis Family Vineyards Zinfandel 2019
                              Zinfandel from Lodi, California
                                0.0 0 Ratings
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                                10 99
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