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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Cos d'Estournel  2018 Front Label
    Chateau Cos d'Estournel 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
    • JS98
    • JD98
    • RP98
    • WE97
    • D97
    • WS96
    4.4 11 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $229.99
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  • Decoy California Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Decoy California Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from California
    • WW90
    4.1 471 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $21.99
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    25
    21 99
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  • Chateau Leoville Poyferre  2018  Front Label
    Chateau Leoville Poyferre 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
    • JD100
    • WS97
    • JS97
    • WE97
    • RP97
    • D96
    • V95
    5.0 5 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $119.99
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  • Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Artemis Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Artemis Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WW92
    • JD90
    4.3 84 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $69.99
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    75
    69 99
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  • Far Niente Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Far Niente Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WE95
    • JD95
    • WW94
    • RP94
    4.6 29 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $119.99
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    150
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  • Turnbull Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Turnbull Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • JD93
    • WS92
    • D92
    • JS92
    • RP91
    • WW91
    4.2 64 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $43.99
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    50
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  • Cellier des Dauphins Reserve Cotes du Rhone 2018  Front Label
    Cellier des Dauphins Reserve Cotes du Rhone 2018
    Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
    • D97
    4.0 617 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    13 99
    13 99
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  • Conundrum Red Blend 2018  Front Label
    Conundrum Red Blend 2018
    Other Red Blends from California
    • WW90
    4.2 494 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $22.99
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  • Oberon Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Oberon Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      4.1 486 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $21.99
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    • Substance Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
      Substance Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
      • JS93
      • JD91
      • D90
      3.8 1281 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $14.99
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      18
      14 99
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    • Catena Malbec 2018  Front Label
      Catena Malbec 2018
      Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
      • RP91
      4.2 320 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      24
      19 99
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    • Leviathan  2018  Front Label
      Leviathan 2018
      Other Red Blends from California
      • JD94
      • JS93
      • V92
      4.2 46 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $37.99
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    • Joseph Phelps Freestone Vineyards Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
      Joseph Phelps Freestone Vineyards Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018
      Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • WE96
      • RP94
      • WW92
      • CG91
      4.3 81 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $44.99
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    • La Crema Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
      La Crema Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018
      Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • TP92
      • WE90
      4.3 134 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $23.99
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    • Chappellet Mountain Cuvee Proprietor's Blend 2018  Front Label
      Chappellet Mountain Cuvee Proprietor's Blend 2018
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • WW92
      4.1 205 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $31.99
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    • Vina Robles Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
      Vina Robles Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
      • WE91
      4.1 180 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      26
      19 99
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    • Nickel & Nickel State Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
      Nickel & Nickel State Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
      • WW94
      • JS94
      • JD94
      • WE93
      • WS92
      4.7 9 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $114.99
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      125
      114 99
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    • Famille Perrin Cotes du Rhone Villages Rouge 2018  Front Label
      Famille Perrin Cotes du Rhone Villages Rouge 2018
      Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
      • WS90
      4.0 148 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $13.99
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      15
      13 99
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    • Treana Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
      Treana Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
        4.2 118 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $31.99
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        31 99
        31 99
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      • Josh Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
        Josh Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
        Cabernet Sauvignon from California
          4.1 593 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $14.99
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          14 99
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        • Louis Jadot Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
          Louis Jadot Bourgogne Pinot Noir 2018
          Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
            3.6 22 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $21.99
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            21 99
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          • Mount Veeder Winery Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
            Mount Veeder Winery Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • JS95
            • RP92
            • D92
            • TP92
            • JD91
            4.2 27 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $47.99
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            47 99
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          • Nickel & Nickel Sullenger Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
            Nickel & Nickel Sullenger Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
            • WE95
            • WW94
            • JS94
            • WS93
            • RP92
            • JD92
            4.3 6 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $99.00
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            125
            99
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          • Clos du Caillou Chateauneuf-du-Pape Reserve 2018  Front Label
            Clos du Caillou Chateauneuf-du-Pape Reserve 2018
            Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
            • JD97
            • RP97
            • WS94
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $184.99
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            210
            184 99
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          • Hourglass Blueline Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
            Hourglass Blueline Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • V96
            • JD95
            • RP94
            • JS94
            • D93
            5.0 5 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $129.99
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            129 99
            129 99
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