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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Musar Lebanon Rouge 1998  Front Label
    Chateau Musar Lebanon Rouge 1998
    Other Red Blends from Lebanon
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      Currently Unavailable $89.99
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    • Roberto Voerzio Barolo Cerequio 1998
      Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
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        Currently Unavailable $209.97
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      • Chateau Clerc Milon  1998 Front Label
        Chateau Clerc Milon 1998
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
        • RP91
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        Currently Unavailable $149.97
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        149 97
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      • d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 1998  Front Bottle Shot
        d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 1998
        Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
        • RP94
        • WS93
        • W&S93
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        Currently Unavailable $95.97
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      • Greenock Creek Seven Acres Shiraz 1998 Front Label
        Greenock Creek Seven Acres Shiraz 1998
        Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
        • RP96
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $84.99
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        84 99
        84 99
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      • Domaine du Pegau Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Laurence 1998  Front Label
        Domaine du Pegau Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Laurence 1998
        Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
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          Currently Unavailable $175.00
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        • Paul Autard Cote Ronde Chateauneuf-du-Pape 1998
          Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
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            Currently Unavailable $68.99
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          • Peter Lehmann The Barossan Shiraz 1998
            Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa, South Australia, Australia
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              23 99
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            • Penfolds Grange 1998 Front Label
              Penfolds Grange 1998
              Syrah/Shiraz from South Australia, Australia
              • WS97
              • RP96
              • WE95
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $549.97
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              549 97
              549 97
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            • Opus One  1998 Front Label
              Opus One 1998
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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                Currently Unavailable $369.97
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                369 97
                369 97
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              • Dominus Estate 1998 Front Label
                Dominus Estate 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
                • W&S95
                • WS91
                • D90
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $259.97
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                259 97
                259 97
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              • Chateau Lafite Rothschild  1998 Front Label
                Chateau Lafite Rothschild 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                • RP98
                • WS95
                • D94
                • W&S94
                4.7 6 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $949.97
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                949 97
                949 97
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              • Chateau Figeac  1998 Front Label
                Chateau Figeac 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
                • RP90
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $199.00
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                199
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              • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  1998 Front Label
                Chateau Mouton Rothschild 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                • RP96
                • W&S94
                • WS91
                • JS91
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $549.97
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                549 97
                549 97
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              • Chateau Margaux  1998 Front Label
                Chateau Margaux 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
                • W&S96
                • WS91
                • RP91
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $749.97
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                749 97
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              • Chateau Cheval Blanc  1998 Front Label
                Chateau Cheval Blanc 1998
                Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
                • JS100
                • JD100
                • D100
                • WS98
                • RP96
                • W&S95
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $959.97
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                959 97
                959 97
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              • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1998 Front Label
                Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1998
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                  Currently Unavailable $117.97
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                  117 97
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                • Carruades de Lafite  1998 Front Label
                  Carruades de Lafite 1998
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                  • RP90
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $229.00
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                  229
                  229
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                • Harlan The Maiden 1998 Front Label
                  Harlan The Maiden 1998
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
                  • RP91
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                  199 97
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                • Harlan Estate 1998  Front Label
                  Harlan Estate 1998
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
                  • RP95
                  • WS90
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                  Currently Unavailable $869.97
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                • Chateau Pavie  1998 Front Label
                  Chateau Pavie 1998
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
                  • RP95
                  • W&S95
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $299.97
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                  299 97
                  299 97
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                • Diamond Creek Volcanic Hill Cabernet Sauvignon 1998 Front Label
                  Diamond Creek Volcanic Hill Cabernet Sauvignon 1998
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WS94
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                  Currently Unavailable $259.97
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                • Chateau de Beaucastel Chateauneuf-du-Pape 1998 Front Label
                  Chateau de Beaucastel Chateauneuf-du-Pape 1998
                  Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
                  • WE96
                  • WS95
                  • JD95
                  • RP93
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                  Currently Unavailable $139.99
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                  139 99
                  139 99
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                • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1998  Front Bottle Shot
                  Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1998
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WS91
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $194.97
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                  194 97
                  194 97
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                • Chateau St. Jean Cinq Cepages 1998  Front Label
                  Chateau St. Jean Cinq Cepages 1998
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
                  • RP91
                  • WE90
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $99.97
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                  99 97
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