Ranging in style from light and elegant to bold and structured ...
Ranging in style from light and elegant to bold and structured, red wine is produced just about everywhere in the world where vines are planted. There are several dozen varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, some of the main of which are Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. These are grown throughout the world in addition to the many native varieties found in their respective regions. Red grapes tend to ripen better in warmer, sunnier climates—producing robust and concentrated wines—though some of the world’s most elegant red wines come from cooler regions where alcohol levels are kept at bay and natural acidity remains crisp and refreshing.
Both red and white grapes have clear juice, but the color of red wine comes from the pigments in red grape skins. Along with pigments, also tannins and phenols (comnpunds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine) are found in grape skins. When making red wine, the juice is left in contact with its skins, which allows all of these compund to be drawn out. Heat and alcohol generated by fermentation helps this process, called maceration, along. For a more deeply colored wine, the winemaker has several options in the cellar including increasing the fermentation temperature or prolonging the skin-contact period. The resulting shade of red can range from pale garnet to bright ruby to opaque purple.
Chateau Lafite Rothschild (torn label) 1975Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Les Forts de Latour 1975Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Lynch-Bages (top shoulder fill) 1975Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Ridge Monte Bello 1975Bordeaux Red Blends from Santa Cruz Mountains, California
Heitz Cellar Fay Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1975Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Inglenook Charbono 1975Bonarda from Napa Valley, California
Mas Amiel Millesime 1975Grenache from Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Berberana Gran Reserva 1975Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
Villadoria Barolo Riserva Speciale 1975Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Chateau Lafite Rothschild Pauillac 1975Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France