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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier  Clos de Vougeot Grand Cru 1983 Front Label
    Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Clos de Vougeot Grand Cru 1983
    Pinot Noir from Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • RP90
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  • Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1983 Front Label
    Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1983
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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      Currently Unavailable $119.97
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    • Opus One (corroded capsule) 1983 Front Label
      Opus One (corroded capsule) 1983
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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        Currently Unavailable $329.97
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      • Joseph Drouhin Clos de Vougeot 1983 Front Label
        Joseph Drouhin Clos de Vougeot 1983
        Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
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        • Chateau Margaux  1983 Front Label
          Chateau Margaux 1983
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
          • WS98
          • RP96
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          Currently Unavailable $499.99
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        • Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1983 Front Label
          Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1983
          Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
          • JS97
          • WS93
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          Currently Unavailable $429.97
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        • Diamond Creek Red Rock Terrace Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
          Cabernet Sauvignon from California
          • WS89
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $116.99
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          129 99
          116 99
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        • Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
          Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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            Currently Unavailable $249.99
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          • Chateau Lafite Rothschild (1.5 Liter Magnum) OWC 1983 Front Label
            Chateau Lafite Rothschild (1.5 Liter Magnum) OWC 1983
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • RP93
            • WS91
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            Currently Unavailable $1,500.00
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          • Heitz Cellar Bella Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
            Heitz Cellar Bella Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • WS90
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            Currently Unavailable $149.99
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            149 99
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          • Chateau La Lagune  1983  Front Label
            Chateau La Lagune 1983
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Medoc, Bordeaux, France
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              Currently Unavailable $89.97
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            • Chateau Haut-Brion  1983 Front Label
              Chateau Haut-Brion 1983
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
              • WS88
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $449.97
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              449 97
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            • Chateau Prieure-Lichine  1983  Front Label
              Chateau Prieure-Lichine 1983
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
              • WS96
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              Currently Unavailable $125.97
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            • Caves Sao Joao Frei Joao Reserva Tinto 1983  Front Label
              Caves Sao Joao Frei Joao Reserva Tinto 1983
              Other Red Blends from Portugal
                4.6 8 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $78.99
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                78 99
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              • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                Cabernet Sauvignon from California
                • WS90
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                Currently Unavailable $199.97
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              • Chateau La Fleur de Gay 1983
                Merlot from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
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                • Grgich Hills Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                  Grgich Hills Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WS90
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                  Currently Unavailable $89.00
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                • Chateau Latour (bin soiled labels) 1983 Front Label
                  Chateau Latour (bin soiled labels) 1983
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                  • WS94
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                  Currently Unavailable $529.97
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                  529 97
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                • Chateau Cheval Blanc  1983  Front Label
                  Chateau Cheval Blanc 1983
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
                  • WS97
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                  Currently Unavailable $316.49
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                  378 99
                  316 49
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                • Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                  Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WS94
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $105.00
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                • Kenwood Artist Series Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                  Kenwood Artist Series Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
                  • WS92
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                  Currently Unavailable $109.00
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                  109
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                • Chappellet Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                  • Chateau Palmer  1983 Front Label
                    Chateau Palmer 1983
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
                    • WS90
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                    Currently Unavailable $240.49
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                    287 99
                    240 49
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                  • Chateau Latour  1983 Front Label
                    Chateau Latour 1983
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                    • WS94
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $449.00
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                    449
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                  • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1983 Front Label
                    Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1983
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                    • WS90
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                    Currently Unavailable $439.97
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                    439 97
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