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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Cheval Blanc  1983  Front Label
    Chateau Cheval Blanc 1983
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • WS97
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    378 99
    316 49
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  • Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1983 Front Label
    Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1983
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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      Currently Unavailable $119.97
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      119 97
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    • Caves Sao Joao Frei Joao Reserva Tinto 1983  Front Label
      Caves Sao Joao Frei Joao Reserva Tinto 1983
      Other Red Blends from Portugal
        4.5 7 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $78.99
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        78 99
        78 99
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      • Chateau La Lagune  1983  Front Label
        Chateau La Lagune 1983
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Medoc, Bordeaux, France
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          Currently Unavailable $89.97
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          89 97
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        • Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier  Clos de Vougeot Grand Cru 1983 Front Label
          Domaine Georges & Christophe Roumier Clos de Vougeot Grand Cru 1983
          Pinot Noir from Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
          • RP90
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          Currently Unavailable $499.97
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          499 97
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        • Opus One (corroded capsule) 1983 Front Label
          Opus One (corroded capsule) 1983
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $329.97
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            329 97
            329 97
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          • Joseph Drouhin Clos de Vougeot 1983 Front Label
            Joseph Drouhin Clos de Vougeot 1983
            Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
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              Currently Unavailable $199.99
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              199 99
              199 99
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            • Chateau Margaux  1983 Front Label
              Chateau Margaux 1983
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
              • WS98
              • RP96
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $499.99
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              499 99
              499 99
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            • Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1983 Front Label
              Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage 1983
              Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
              • JS97
              • WS93
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $429.97
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              429 97
              429 97
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            • Diamond Creek Red Rock Terrace Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
              Cabernet Sauvignon from California
              • WS89
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $116.99
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              129 99
              116 99
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            • Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
              Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                Currently Unavailable $249.99
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                249 99
                249 99
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              • Chateau Lafite Rothschild (1.5 Liter Magnum) OWC 1983 Front Label
                Chateau Lafite Rothschild (1.5 Liter Magnum) OWC 1983
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                • RP93
                • WS91
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $1,500.00
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                1,500
                1,500
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              • Heitz Cellar Bella Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                Heitz Cellar Bella Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                • WS90
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $149.99
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                149 99
                149 99
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              • Chateau Haut-Brion  1983 Front Label
                Chateau Haut-Brion 1983
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
                • WS88
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $449.97
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                449 97
                449 97
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              • Chateau Prieure-Lichine 1983
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
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                  Currently Unavailable $125.97
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                  125 97
                  125 97
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                • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                  Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from California
                  • WS90
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $199.97
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                  199 97
                  199 97
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                • Chateau La Fleur de Gay 1983
                  Merlot from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
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                    Currently Unavailable $142.99
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                    142 99
                    142 99
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                  • Chateau Latour (bin soiled labels) 1983 Front Label
                    Chateau Latour (bin soiled labels) 1983
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                    • WS94
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $529.97
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                    529 97
                    529 97
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                  • Grgich Hills Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                    Grgich Hills Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                    • WS90
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $89.00
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                    89
                    89
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                  • Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                    Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                    • WS94
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $105.00
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                    105
                    105
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                  • Chappellet Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                      Currently Unavailable $109.97
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                      109 97
                      109 97
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                    • Kenwood Artist Series Cabernet Sauvignon 1983 Front Label
                      Kenwood Artist Series Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
                      Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
                      • WS92
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                      Currently Unavailable $109.00
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                      109
                      109
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                    • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1983 Front Label
                      Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1983
                      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                      • WS90
                      0.0 0 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $439.97
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                      439 97
                      439 97
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                    • Chateau Palmer  1983 Front Label
                      Chateau Palmer 1983
                      Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
                      • WS90
                      0.0 0 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $256.99
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                      256 99
                      256 99
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                    • Chateau Latour  1983 Front Label
                      Chateau Latour 1983
                      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
                      • WS94
                      0.0 0 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $449.00
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                      449
                      449
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