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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Opus One  1990  Front Label
    Opus One 1990
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • WS96
    • RP90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $499.97
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    499 97
    499 97
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  • Chateau Latour  1990 Front Label
    Chateau Latour 1990
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
    • WS100
    • RP95
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $999.97
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    999 97
    999 97
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  • Gaja Barbaresco 1990  Front Label
    Gaja Barbaresco 1990
    Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $379.97
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      379 97
      379 97
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    • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Bottle Shot
      Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
      • RP91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $139.97
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      139 97
      139 97
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    • Chateau La Conseillante  1990 Front Label
      Chateau La Conseillante 1990
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
      • RP97
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $589.97
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      589 97
      589 97
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    • Chateau Haut-Brion  1990 Front Label
      Chateau Haut-Brion 1990
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
      • RP98
      • WS94
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $989.97
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      989 97
      989 97
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    • Dominus Estate 1990 Front Label
      Dominus Estate 1990
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
      • WS91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $209.97
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      209 97
      209 97
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    • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Label
      Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $139.97
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      139 97
      139 97
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    • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  1990 Front Label
      Chateau Mouton Rothschild 1990
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
      • JS90
      • RP90
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $699.97
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      699 97
      699 97
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    • Joseph Phelps Backus Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1990  Front Label
      Joseph Phelps Backus Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
      • RP92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $389.99
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      389 99
      389 99
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    • Bertani Amarone Classico 1990  Front Label
      Bertani Amarone Classico 1990
      Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $279.97
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        279 97
        279 97
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      • Sterling Diamond Mountain Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Label
        Sterling Diamond Mountain Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Diamond Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $139.97
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          139 97
          139 97
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        • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Label
          Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • RP94
          • WS93
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $229.97
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          229 97
          229 97
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        • Chateau Lynch-Bages  1990 Front Label
          Chateau Lynch-Bages 1990
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • RP99
          • WS94
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $349.97
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          349 97
          349 97
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        • Pahlmeyer Caldwell Vineyard Napa Valley 1990 Front Label
          Pahlmeyer Caldwell Vineyard Napa Valley 1990
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $102.97
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            102 97
            102 97
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          • Chateau Latour 1990
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • WS100
            • RP95
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $989.00
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            989
            989
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          • Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Label
            Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
            • RP94
            • WS94
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $199.97
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            199 97
            199 97
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          • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon (chipped wax capsule) 1990 Front Label
            Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon (chipped wax capsule) 1990
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Howell Mountain, Napa Valley, California
            • RP96
            • WS91
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $249.97
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            249 97
            249 97
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          • Robert Ampeau Volnay Santenots 1990 Front Label
            Robert Ampeau Volnay Santenots 1990
            Pinot Noir from Volnay, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $115.00
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              115
              115
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            • Chateau Montrose (bin-soiled label) 1990 Front Label
              Chateau Montrose (bin-soiled label) 1990
              Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
              • RP100
              • WS94
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $599.97
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              599 97
              599 97
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            • Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande  1990 Front Bottle Shot
              Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande 1990
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
              • WS94
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $185.00
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              185
              185
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            • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1990 Front Label
              Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • WS94
              • RP93
              4.2 10 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $129.00
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              129
              129
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            • Groth Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1990  Front Label
              Groth Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1990
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $135.97
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                135 97
                135 97
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              • Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou  1990 Front Label
                Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou 1990
                Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
                • RP91
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $209.00
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                209
                209
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              • Chateau Margaux  1990 Front Label
                Chateau Margaux 1990
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
                • RP100
                • WS96
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $989.00
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                989
                989
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