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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Latour  2003 Front Label
    Chateau Latour 2003
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
    • RP100
    • JS100
    • WS98
    • WE97
    4.1 7 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $1,159.99
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    1,159 99
    1,159 99
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  • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  2003 Front Label
    Chateau Mouton Rothschild 2003
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
    • RP95
    • WS94
    • WE94
    • JS92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $569.97
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    569 97
    569 97
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  • Numanthia Toro 2003 Front Label
    Numanthia Toro 2003
    Tempranillo from Spain
    • RP96
    • WE94
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $75.00
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    75
    75
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  • Casanova di Neri Pietradonice 2003  Front Label
    Casanova di Neri Pietradonice 2003
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Tuscany, Italy
    • WS93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $69.97
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    69 97
    69 97
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  • Standish Shiraz 2003 Front Label
    Standish Shiraz 2003
    Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
    • RP99
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $129.99
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    129 99
    129 99
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  • David Arthur Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2003 Front Label
    David Arthur Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2003
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $79.00
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      79
      79
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    • Williams Selyem Ferrington Vineyard Pinot Noir 2003 Front Label
      Williams Selyem Ferrington Vineyard Pinot Noir 2003
      Pinot Noir from Anderson Valley, Mendocino, California
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        61 97
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      • Williams Selyem Peay Vineyard Pinot Noir 2003 Front Label
        Williams Selyem Peay Vineyard Pinot Noir 2003
        Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
        • WS92
        • WE92
        • RP91
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $61.97
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        61 97
        61 97
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      • Alvaro Palacios Les Terrasses Priorat 2003  Front Label
        Alvaro Palacios Les Terrasses Priorat 2003
        Other Red Blends from
        • WS92
        • RP90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $29.99
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        35 99
        29 99
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      • Branson Coach House Coach House Block Shiraz 2003  Front Label
        Branson Coach House Coach House Block Shiraz 2003
        Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
        • RP98
        • WS96
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $97.97
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        97 97
        97 97
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      • Damilano Barolo Lecinquevigne Riserva 2003  Front Label
        Damilano Barolo Lecinquevigne Riserva 2003
        Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $71.99
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          71 99
          71 99
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        • Williams Selyem Coastlands Pinot Noir 2003 Front Label
          Williams Selyem Coastlands Pinot Noir 2003
          Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
          • RP93
          • W&S90
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $63.99
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          63 99
          63 99
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        • Williams Selyem Forchini Vineyard Zinfandel 2003
          Zinfandel from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
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            Currently Unavailable $79.97
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            79 97
            79 97
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          • Famille Perrin Vinsobres Les Hauts de Julien 2003 Front Label
            Famille Perrin Vinsobres Les Hauts de Julien 2003
            Rhone Red Blends from Rhone, France
            • RP92
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $49.97
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            49 97
            49 97
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          • Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2003 Front Label
            Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2003
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
            • RP100
            • WE97
            • WS95
            4.1 8 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $299.97
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            299 97
            299 97
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          • Chateau Lafite Rothschild  2003 Front Label
            Chateau Lafite Rothschild 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • RP100
            • JS98
            • WE97
            • WS96
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $1,199.97
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            1,199 97
            1,199 97
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          • Opus One  2003 Front Label
            Opus One 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
            • RP94
            4.9 7 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $399.97
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            399 97
            399 97
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          • Harlan The Maiden 2003 Front Label
            Harlan The Maiden 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
            • WE96
            • RP93
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $229.97
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            229 97
            229 97
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          • Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron  2003 Front Label
            Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • JS96
            • WS95
            • RP94
            • WE93
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $189.97
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            189 97
            189 97
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          • Chateau Haut-Brion  2003 Front Label
            Chateau Haut-Brion 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
            • WS96
            • WE96
            • RP95
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $499.97
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            499 97
            499 97
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          • Chateau Leoville Poyferre  2003 Front Label
            Chateau Leoville Poyferre 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
            • RP96
            • WS95
            • JS95
            • WE93
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $219.97
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            219 97
            219 97
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          • Chateau Margaux  2003 Front Label
            Chateau Margaux 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
            • RP99
            • JS98
            • WS95
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $1,099.97
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            1,099 97
            1,099 97
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          • Robert Foley Vineyards Claret 2003 Front Label
            Robert Foley Vineyards Claret 2003
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
            • RP96
            • WE96
            • WS95
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $129.97
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            129 97
            129 97
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          • Penley Estate Phoenix Cabernet Sauvignon 2003 Front Label
            Penley Estate Phoenix Cabernet Sauvignon 2003
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Coonawarra, South Australia, Australia
            • W&S91
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $23.99
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            26 99
            23 99
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          • Guardian Peak Shiraz 2003 Front Label
            Guardian Peak Shiraz 2003
            Syrah/Shiraz from South Africa
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $10.99
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              10 99
              10 99
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