Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of red wine?
Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.
How is red wine made?
To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.
What gives red wine its color?
Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.
How do you serve red wine?
The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.
How long does red wine last?
Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- Red Wine5094
- Cabernet Sauvignon887
- Pinot Noir680
- Bordeaux Red Blends519
- Other Red Blends481
- Rhône Blends257
- Other Red Wine76
- Petite Sirah55
- Tuscan Blends47
- Cabernet Franc43
- Nero d'Avola12
- Petit Verdot4
- St. Laurent3
- Alicante Bouschet2
- Pinot Meunier1
Peter Michael Les Pavots 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
Peter Michael L'Esprit des Pavots 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
Colgin Cariad 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Chateau Bellevue Mondotte 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Angelus 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
Louis Latour Chateau Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003Pinot Noir from Aloxe-Corton, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, FranceCurrently Unavailable $149.00Try the 2016 Vintage 179 99149149Save $0.00 (0%)
Standish The Relic Shiraz 2003Rhone Red Blends from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Domaine de Cristia Cuvee Renaissance Chateauneuf-du-Pape 2003Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
Domaine de la Janasse Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Chaupin 2003Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
Currently Unavailable $85.00Try the 2017 Vintage 74 998585Save $0.00 (0%)
Galardi Roccamonfina Terra di Lavoro 2003Other Red Blends from Campania, Italy
Chateau Lafite Rothschild 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Opus One (stained labels) 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
Chateau Lynch-Bages 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Robert Foley Vineyards Claret 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Latour 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Cos d'Estournel 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Branaire-Ducru 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
Delas Hermitage Les Bessards 2003Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
Harlan Estate (scuffed label) 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California