Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of red wine?
Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.
How is red wine made?
To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.
What gives red wine its color?
Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.
How do you serve red wine?
The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.
How long does red wine last?
Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- Red Wine5067
- Cabernet Sauvignon883
- Pinot Noir677
- Bordeaux Red Blends508
- Other Red Blends477
- Rhône Blends251
- Other Red Wine77
- Petite Sirah55
- Tuscan Blends48
- Cabernet Franc43
- Nero d'Avola12
- Petit Verdot4
- St. Laurent3
- Alicante Bouschet2
- Pinot Meunier1
Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter Bottle) 2003Cabernet Sauvignon from Stags Leap District, Napa Valley, California
Louis Latour Chateau Corton Grancey Grand Cru 2003Pinot Noir from Aloxe-Corton, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, FranceCurrently Unavailable $149.00Try the 2016 Vintage 179 99149149Save $0.00 (0%)
Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2003Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
Torbreck Les Amis Grenache 2003Grenache from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Torbreck RunRig (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2003Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Dal Forno Romano Valpolicella Superiore 2003Other Red Blends from Valpolicella, Veneto, Italy
Branson Coach House Grenache Coach House Block 2003Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Domaine du Pegau Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Reservee 2003Rhone Red Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
Woodward Canyon Artist Series Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2003Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
Chateau Branaire-Ducru 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
Damilano Barolo Lecinquevigne Riserva 2003Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Heritage School Vineyards Treva's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (formerly Harris Estate) 2003Cabernet Sauvignon from Diamond Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
Benjamin Romeo La Vina de Andres Romeo 2003Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
Chateau Leoville Barton 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Margaux (scuffed label) 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2003Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Delas Hermitage Les Bessards 2003Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
Cristom Reserve Pinot Noir 2003Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Chateau Leoville Las Cases 2003Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France