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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Lafite Rothschild  1994  Front Label
    Chateau Lafite Rothschild 1994
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
    • WS93
    • RP90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $225.99
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    225 99
    225 99
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  • Opus One  1994 Front Label
    Opus One 1994
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $479.97
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    479 97
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  • Caves Sao Joao Poco do Lobo Cabernet Sauvignon 1994  Front Label
    Caves Sao Joao Poco do Lobo Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Portugal
      4.7 26 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $53.99
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      53 99
      53 99
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    • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
      • RP93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $109.97
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      109 97
      109 97
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    • Dominus Estate (stained label) 1994  Front Label
      Dominus Estate (stained label) 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • RP99
      • D95
      • WS91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $479.97
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      479 97
      479 97
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    • Robert Mondavi Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Bottle Shot
      Robert Mondavi Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP97
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $185.00
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      185
      185
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    • Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Bottle Shot
      Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP99
      • WS92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $329.97
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      329 97
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    • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
      • WS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $259.00
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      259
      259
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    • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP93
      • WS91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $149.97
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      149 97
      149 97
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    • Chateau Angelus  1994 Front Label
      Chateau Angelus 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
      • RP93
      • WS92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $499.97
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      499 97
      499 97
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    • Joseph Phelps Insignia 1994 Front Label
      Joseph Phelps Insignia 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • RP98
      • WS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $269.97
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      269 97
      269 97
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    • Chateau Leoville Barton  1994 Front Label
      Chateau Leoville Barton 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
      • RP90
      • WS90
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $189.97
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      189 97
      189 97
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    • Pahlmeyer Napa Valley Proprietary Red 1994 Front Label
      Pahlmeyer Napa Valley Proprietary Red 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • RP96
      • WS92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $339.97
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      339 97
      339 97
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    • Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • WS94
      • RP94
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $189.97
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      189 97
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    • Arrowood Sonoma Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Arrowood Sonoma Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
      • RP91
      • WS91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $129.97
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      129 97
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    • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
      Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • WS95
      • RP91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $229.00
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      229
      229
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    • Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron  1994 Front Label
      Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron 1994
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $139.97
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        139 97
        139 97
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      • Chateau Puy Blanquet  1994 Front Label
        Chateau Puy Blanquet 1994
        Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $20.99
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          20 99
          20 99
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        • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (bin soiled label) 1994 Front Label
          Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (bin soiled label) 1994
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS95
          • RP91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $129.00
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          129
          129
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        • Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1994  Front Label
          Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1994
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS94
          • RP91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $124.97
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          124 97
          124 97
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        • Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Fay Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (torn label) 1994 Front Label
          Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Fay Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon (torn label) 1994
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS92
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $129.99
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          129 99
          129 99
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        • Ridge Monte Bello (stained label) 1994 Front Label
          Ridge Monte Bello (stained label) 1994
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Santa Cruz Mountains, California
          • WS92
          • RP92
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $329.97
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          329 97
          329 97
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        • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (loose capsule) 1994 Front Label
          Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (loose capsule) 1994
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • WS95
          • RP91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $149.00
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          149
          149
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        • Harlan Estate 1994 Front Label
          Harlan Estate 1994
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
          • RP100
          • WS96
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $1,369.97
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          1,369 97
          1,369 97
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        • Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1994 Front Label
          Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1994
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
          • RP95
          • WS93
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $299.97
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          299 97
          299 97
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