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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Joseph Phelps Insignia 1993 Front Label
    Joseph Phelps Insignia 1993
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • RP95
    • WS90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $175.00
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    175
    175
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  • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
    Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • RP93
    • CG93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $139.97
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    139 97
    139 97
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  • Opus One  1993 Front Label
    Opus One 1993
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $349.97
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    349 97
    349 97
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  • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
    Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • RP90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $102.97
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    102 97
    102 97
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  • Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Bottle Shot
    Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • RP93
    • WS91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $139.97
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    139 97
    139 97
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  • Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
    Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
    • RP91
    • WS90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $109.99
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    109 99
    109 99
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  • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (stained label) 1993 Front Label
    Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (stained label) 1993
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $79.99
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      79 99
      79 99
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    • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1993 Front Label
      Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1993
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP93
      • CG93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $199.97
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      199 97
      199 97
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    • Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron  1993 Front Label
      Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron 1993
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $84.99
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        84 99
        84 99
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      • Beringer Knights Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
        Beringer Knights Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
        • RP90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $49.99
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        49 99
        49 99
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      • Chateau Mouton Rothschild  1993  Front Label
        Chateau Mouton Rothschild 1993
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
        • WS90
        • RP90
        • JS90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $499.97
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        499 97
        499 97
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      • Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
        Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • RP94
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $249.97
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        249 97
        249 97
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      • Castello di Querceto La Corte 1993
        Other Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy
        • WS89
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $36.99
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        36 99
        36 99
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      • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
        Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
        • RP90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $89.00
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        89
        89
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      • Etude Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Bottle Shot
        Etude Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        • RP92
        • WS91
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $85.00
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        85
        85
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      • Dalla Valle Maya Proprietary Red Blend 1993 Front Bottle Shot
        Dalla Valle Maya Proprietary Red Blend 1993
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
        • RP98
        • WS93
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $399.00
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        399
        399
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      • Williams Selyem Olivet Lane Pinot Noir 1993 Front Label
        Williams Selyem Olivet Lane Pinot Noir 1993
        Pinot Noir from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $84.97
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          84 97
          84 97
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        • Banfi Poggio all Oro Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 1993 Front Label
          Banfi Poggio all Oro Brunello di Montalcino Riserva 1993
          Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
          • WS93
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $76.49
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          76 49
          76 49
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        • Chateau Latour  1993 Front Label
          Chateau Latour 1993
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • WS91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $469.97
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          469 97
          469 97
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        • Castello di Volpaia Ceperani 1993
          Other Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $7.99
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            7 99
            7 99
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          • Dunn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
            Dunn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $89.99
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              89 99
              89 99
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            • Silverado Limited Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
              Silverado Limited Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • RP88
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $49.99
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              49 99
              49 99
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            • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum - loose capsules) 1993 Front Label
              Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum - loose capsules) 1993
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • RP90
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $204.97
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              204 97
              204 97
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            • Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
              Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • WS93
              • RP92
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $125.00
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              125
              125
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            • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 1993 Front Label
              Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 1993
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • RP95
              • WS91
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $134.97
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              134 97
              134 97
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