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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014  Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE92
    3.8 738 Ratings
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  • Fuligni Brunello di Montalcino 2014  Front Label
    Fuligni Brunello di Montalcino 2014
    Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
    • D93
    • JS93
    • RP92
    • W&S91
    • WE90
    4.3 11 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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  • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2014  Front Label
    Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • WE100
    • D97
    • WS95
    4.5 19 Ratings
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  • Castellani Sangiovese 2014 Front Label
    Castellani Sangiovese 2014
    Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
    • JS90
    4.0 286 Ratings
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  • Immortal Estate Slope Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 Front Label
    Immortal Estate Slope Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
    • RP97
    • JD93
    4.5 24 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $84.99
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  • Immortal Estate Impassable Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2014  Front Label
    Immortal Estate Impassable Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
    • JD99
    • RP98
    • WW98
    4.7 6 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $299.99
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  • Era Costana Reserva 2014  Front Label
    Era Costana Reserva 2014
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS90
    3.9 28 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    20
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  • Chateau Canon  2014 Front Label
    Chateau Canon 2014
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • WW98
    • JS96
    • RP94
    • WS94
    • D92
    • JD92
    3.9 21 Ratings
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  • Mayacamas Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 Front Label
    Mayacamas Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Mt. Veeder, Napa Valley, California
    • JS97
    • V96
    • JD96
    • WS95
    • TP94
    • W&S92
    4.0 88 Ratings
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  • Marques de Murrieta Dalmau Tinto Reserva 2014  Front Label
    Marques de Murrieta Dalmau Tinto Reserva 2014
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • D98
    • TA97
    • RP93
    • W&S90
    4.1 7 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $94.99
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  • Bernardus Marinus Estate 2014  Front Label
    Bernardus Marinus Estate 2014
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Carmel Valley, Monterey, Central Coast, California
    • WE92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $51.99
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  • Carlos Serres Reserva 2014  Front Label
    Carlos Serres Reserva 2014
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      4.4 10 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $20.99
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    • Torre de Ona by La Rioja Alta Reserva Finca Martelo 2014  Front Label
      Torre de Ona by La Rioja Alta Reserva Finca Martelo 2014
      Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
      • RP94
      • TA94
      • WS92
      • JS91
      4.3 43 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $45.99
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    • Sottimano Barbaresco Curra 2014 Front Label
      Sottimano Barbaresco Curra 2014
      Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
      • RP95
      • W&S95
      • JS94
      • WS93
      • WE92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $99.99
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    • Lang & Reed Two-Fourteen Cabernet Franc 2014 Front Label
      Lang & Reed Two-Fourteen Cabernet Franc 2014
      Cabernet Franc from Napa Valley, California
      • WS93
      • WW90
      • RP90
      4.3 18 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $64.99
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    • Di Majo Norante Contado Riserva 2014  Front Label
      Di Majo Norante Contado Riserva 2014
      Aglianico from Molise, Italy
      • JS94
      3.9 45 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $18.99
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      18 99
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    • Chateau Ste. Michelle Ethos Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve 2014  Front Label
      Chateau Ste. Michelle Ethos Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve 2014
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
      • JS93
      • RP92
      • D90
      4.3 9 Ratings
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    • Pine Ridge Fortis Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 Front Label
      Pine Ridge Fortis Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP92
      • WE90
      4.9 22 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $229.99
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    • Tasca d'Almerita Rosso del Conte 2014  Front Label
      Tasca d'Almerita Rosso del Conte 2014
      Other Red Blends from Italy
      • JS96
      • RP94
      • WS91
      4.8 6 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $65.99
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    • Robert Foley Vineyards Pinot Noir 2014  Front Label
      Robert Foley Vineyards Pinot Noir 2014
      Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
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      • CVNE Vina Real Reserva 2014 Front Label
        CVNE Vina Real Reserva 2014
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
        • TA93
        • RP91
        4.1 5 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $32.99
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      • Hestan Vineyards Stephanie Proprietary Red 2014  Front Label
        Hestan Vineyards Stephanie Proprietary Red 2014
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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          Currently Unavailable $84.99
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        • Jezreel Winery Single Vineyard Carignan (OK Kosher) 2014  Front Label
          Jezreel Winery Single Vineyard Carignan (OK Kosher) 2014
          Carignan from Israel
          • WE92
          • JS91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $41.99
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          41 99
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        • Petra Toscana Rosso 2014  Front Label
          Petra Toscana Rosso 2014
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy
          • WS91
          4.9 8 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $63.99
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          90
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        • Delectus French Wedding Cabernet Sauvignon 2014  Front Label
          Delectus French Wedding Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $89.99
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