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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2002  Front Label
    Quilceda Creek Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Columbia Valley, Washington
    • RP98
    • WE97
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  • Sine Qua Non For The Love Of It Syrah 2002  Front Bottle Shot
    Sine Qua Non For The Love Of It Syrah 2002
    Syrah/Shiraz from California
    • RP100
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  • Domaine Ponsot Clos de la Roche Vieilles Vignes 2002  Front Label
    Domaine Ponsot Clos de la Roche Vieilles Vignes 2002
    Pinot Noir from Burgundy, France
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    • Jim Barry The Armagh Shiraz 2002  Front Label
      Jim Barry The Armagh Shiraz 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from Clare Valley, South Australia, Australia
      • RP98
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      159
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    • Branson Coach House Coach House Block Shiraz 2002  Front Label
      Branson Coach House Coach House Block Shiraz 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
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      • Mas Que Vinos La Plazuela 2002 Front Label
        Mas Que Vinos La Plazuela 2002
        Other Red Blends from La Mancha, Spain
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        • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
          Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • RP96
          • WS93
          • WE90
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $299.00
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          299
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        • Chateau Latour  2002 Front Label
          Chateau Latour 2002
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • WS96
          • RP96
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        • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
          Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • RP91
          • WS90
          4.4 16 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $127.97
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          127 97
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        • Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 2002  Front Label
          Shafer Hillside Select Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          • RP100
          • WS97
          • WE97
          • W&S95
          • CG93
          0.0 0 Ratings
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        • Domaine Fournier Sancerre Rouge 2002 Front Label
          Domaine Fournier Sancerre Rouge 2002
          Pinot Noir from Sancerre, Loire, France
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          • Bond Vecina (slightly torn label) 2002  Front Bottle Shot
            Bond Vecina (slightly torn label) 2002
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
            • WS95
            • RP95
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          • Wolf Blass Gold Label Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Wolf Blass Gold Label Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Coonawarra, South Australia, Australia
            • WE90
            • W&S90
            3.5 20 Ratings
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            29 99
            29 99
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          • Bond St. Eden 2002  Front Label
            Bond St. Eden 2002
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
            • RP100
            • WS96
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          • David Arthur Elevation 1147 Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            David Arthur Elevation 1147 Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • RP95
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          • Switchback Ridge Peterson Family Vineyard Petite Sirah 2002 Front Label
            Switchback Ridge Peterson Family Vineyard Petite Sirah 2002
            Petite Sirah from Napa Valley, California
            • RP96
            • WS93
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          • Whitehall Lane Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Whitehall Lane Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • CG91
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          • Dynamite Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Dynamite Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from North Coast, California
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            • Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande  2002 Front Label
              Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande 2002
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
              • RP94
              • WS91
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            • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
              Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              • RP93
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              149 99
              149 99
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            • Harlan Estate 2002 Front Label
              Harlan Estate 2002
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
              • RP100
              • WS99
              • WE99
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            • Ramey Diamond Mountain District Red 2002 Front Label
              Ramey Diamond Mountain District Red 2002
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
              • RP95
              • W&S94
              • WS92
              0.0 0 Ratings
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              79 97
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            • Chateau Lafite Rothschild  2002 Front Label
              Chateau Lafite Rothschild 2002
              Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
              • WS95
              • RP94
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              579 97
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            • Foppiano Sangiovese 2002 Front Label
              Foppiano Sangiovese 2002
              Sangiovese from Sonoma County, California
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                16 99
                11 99
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              • Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
                Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                • RP99
                • WE96
                • WS95
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $389.97
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                389 97
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