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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Opus One  1989  Front Label
    Opus One 1989
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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    • Chateau Talbot  1989  Front Label
      Chateau Talbot 1989
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
      • WS90
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      120 49
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    • Chateau Lynch-Bages  1989 Front Label
      Chateau Lynch-Bages 1989
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
      • WS96
      • RP95
      • JS94
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    • Chateau Montrose  1989 Front Label
      Chateau Montrose 1989
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
      • RP100
      • JS99
      • WS96
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      Currently Unavailable $489.97
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    • Raymond Reserve Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Label
      Raymond Reserve Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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        Currently Unavailable $29.49
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        29 49
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      • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Bottle Shot
        Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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          Currently Unavailable $139.97
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          139 97
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        • Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron  1989 Front Label
          Chateau Pichon-Longueville Baron 1989
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
          • WS95
          • RP95
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          Currently Unavailable $279.97
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          279 97
          279 97
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        • Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1989 Front Label
          Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve 1989
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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            Currently Unavailable $109.97
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            109 97
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          • Chateau Lafite Rothschild  1989  Front Label
            Chateau Lafite Rothschild 1989
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • WS93
            • RP90
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            Currently Unavailable $899.97
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            899 97
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          • Dominus Estate 1989 Front Label
            Dominus Estate 1989
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
            • RP92
            • WS91
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            Currently Unavailable $159.00
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            159
            159
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          • Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Bottle Shot
            Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
            • RP91
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            Currently Unavailable $124.97
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            124 97
            124 97
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          • Ferrari-Carano Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
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              Currently Unavailable $79.97
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              79 97
              79 97
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            • Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Bottle Shot
              Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                84 99
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              • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1989  Front Label
                Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                • WS90
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                219 97
                219 97
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              • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon (chipped wax capsules) 1989 Front Label
                Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon (chipped wax capsules) 1989
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Howell Mountain, Napa Valley, California
                • WS92
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                Currently Unavailable $129.97
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              • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Label
                Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                • WS91
                • RP90
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                Currently Unavailable $109.99
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                109 99
                109 99
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              • Chateau Haut-Brion  1989 Front Label
                Chateau Haut-Brion 1989
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
                • WS100
                • RP100
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                Currently Unavailable $2,129.97
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                2,129 97
                2,129 97
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              • Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1989  Front Label
                Caymus Special Selection Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
                Cabernet Sauvignon from California
                • WS93
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                Currently Unavailable $179.97
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                179 97
                179 97
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              • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1989 Front Label
                Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 1989
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
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                  Currently Unavailable $229.97
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                • Chateau Cos d'Estournel  1989 Front Label
                  Chateau Cos d'Estournel 1989
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
                  • JS94
                  • WS93
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                  199 97
                  199 97
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                • Chateau Leoville Las Cases  1989  Front Label
                  Chateau Leoville Las Cases 1989
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
                  • WS96
                  • RP91
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                  Currently Unavailable $299.97
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                  299 97
                  299 97
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                • Jaboulet Hermitage La Chapelle 1989 Front Label
                  Jaboulet Hermitage La Chapelle 1989
                  Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
                  • RP96
                  • WS96
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                  Currently Unavailable $379.97
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                  379 97
                  379 97
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                • Dunn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1989 Front Label
                  Dunn Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WS90
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                  Currently Unavailable $89.99
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                  89 99
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                • Far Niente Cabernet Sauvignon 1989
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                    Currently Unavailable $99.97
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                  • Ridge Monte Bello 1989 Front Label
                    Ridge Monte Bello 1989
                    Bordeaux Red Blends from California
                    • WS92
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                    Currently Unavailable $299.97
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                    299 97
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