Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1849
- Sauvignon Blanc253
- Other White Blends135
- Pinot Gris/Grigio133
- Other White Wine76
- Bordeaux White Blends38
- Chenin Blanc38
- Rhône White Blends38
- Pinot Blanc27
- Gruner Veltliner3
- Melon de Bourgogne3
Leasingham Magnus Riesling 2004Riesling from Clare Valley, South Australia, Australia
J. Hofstatter Pinot Grigio de Vite 2004Pinot Gris/Grigio from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Allegrini Soave 2004Garganega from Soave, Veneto, Italy
Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Chateau Brondelle Graves 2004Bordeaux White Blends from Graves, Bordeaux, France
La Vieille Ferme Blanc 2004Rhone White Blends from France
Acacia Carneros Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Carneros, California
Greg Norman Estates Australia Estate Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Yarra Valley, Victoria, Australia
Marcassin Zio Tony Ranch Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Clos du Bois Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Argyle Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Kistler Vineyards Vine Hill Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
Zed Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from Marlborough, New Zealand
Aura Verdejo 2004Verdejo from Rueda, Spain
Yalumba Y Series Riesling 2004Riesling from Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Stoneleigh Riesling 2004Riesling from Marlborough, New Zealand
Rudolph Muller Riesling Pfalz 2004Riesling from Germany
Muller-Catoir Haardter Burgergarten Riesling Auslese (375ML half-bottle) 2004Riesling from Pfalz, Germany
Leasingham Bin 7 Riesling 2004Riesling from Clare Valley, South Australia, Australia
Gallo of Sonoma Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Nitida Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from South Africa
Penalolen Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from Chile
Neyers Napa Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California