Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1853
- Sauvignon Blanc255
- Other White Blends136
- Pinot Gris/Grigio133
- Other White Wine76
- Bordeaux White Blends38
- Chenin Blanc38
- Rhône White Blends38
- Pinot Blanc27
- Gruner Veltliner3
- Melon de Bourgogne3
Lucien Le Moine Batard-Montrachet Grand Cru 2004Chardonnay from Puligny-Montrachet, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
Marcassin Three Sisters Vineyard Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Chateau Brondelle Graves 2004Bordeaux White Blends from Graves, Bordeaux, France
Bodega Lurton Torrontes 2004Torrontes from Argentina
Marcassin Zio Tony Ranch Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Markham Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Argyle Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Chalk Hill Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from Sonoma County, California
Rudolph Muller Riesling Pfalz 2004Riesling from Germany
Leasingham Bin 7 Riesling 2004Riesling from Clare Valley, South Australia, Australia
Antinori Orvieto Classico Campogrande 2004Other White Blends from Tuscany, Italy
Muller-Catoir Haardter Burgergarten Riesling Auslese (375ML half-bottle) 2004Riesling from Pfalz, Germany
Peter Lehmann Portrait Eden Valley Riesling 2004Riesling from Eden Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
Gallo of Sonoma Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Nitida Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from South Africa
Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Haywood Vintner's Select Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from California
Neyers Napa Chardonnay 2004Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Penalolen Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from Chile
King Estate Pinot Gris 2004Pinot Gris/Grigio from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Lucien Albrecht Reserve Pinot Blanc Balthazar 2004Pinot Blanc from Alsace, France
Grove Mill Sauvignon Blanc 2004Sauvignon Blanc from Marlborough, New Zealand