Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1319
- Sauvignon Blanc156
- Other White Blends93
- Pinot Gris/Grigio81
- Bordeaux White Blends24
- Pinot Blanc21
- Chenin Blanc17
- Rhône White Blends15
- Other White Wine5
- Muller Thurgau3
- Gruner Veltliner1
J.J. Prum Graacher Himmelreich Spatlese Riesling 1999Riesling from Mosel, Germany
Terrale Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Italy
Beringer Private Reserve Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Prager Smaragd Chardonnay 1999Riesling from Austria
Sine Qua Non Tarantella 1999Rhone White Blends from California
Duboeuf Viognier 1999Viognier from Beaujolais, Burgundy, France
Vine Cliff Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Dom. St. George STG Chalk Hill Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Chalk Hill, Sonoma County, California
Clos Du Val Carneros Chardonnay (375ML half-bottle) 1999Chardonnay from Carneros, California
Barons de Rothschild Legende R 1999Bordeaux White Blends from Bordeaux, France
Le Bonheur Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from South Africa
DeLoach California Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from California
Louis Latour Meursault Blanc 1999Chardonnay from Meursault, Cote de Beaune, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
Columbia Crest Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from North Coast, California
Antonin Rodet Bourgogne Blanc Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Burgundy, France
Domaines Schlumberger Les Princes Abbes Riesling 1999Riesling from Alsace, France
Sterling Chardonnay (half-bottle) 1999Chardonnay from North Coast, California
Torres Vina Sol (1.5L) 1999Other White Blends from Spain
Tarapaca Chardonnay Riserva 1999Chardonnay from Chile
Ecco Domani Pinot Grigio 1999Pinot Gris/Grigio from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Columbia Crest Sauvignon Blanc 1999Sauvignon Blanc from Columbia Valley, Washington
Jacques et Francois Lurton Pays dOc Chardonnay 1999Chardonnay from Pays d’Oc, South of France, France