Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision when making white wine is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1496
- Sauvignon Blanc214
- Other White Blends104
- Pinot Gris/Grigio100
- Other White Wine30
- Pinot Blanc29
- Rhône White Blends23
- Bordeaux White Blends22
- Chenin Blanc18
- Melon de Bourgogne1
La Spinetta Moscato Passito Oro (375ml half bottles) 2001Other White Wine from Tuscany, Italy
Kalin Semillon 2001Semillon from Livermore Valley, Central Coast, California
Sine Qua Non Albino 2001Other White Blends from California
Principessa Gavia Perlante 2001Other White Blends from Piedmont, Italy
Nepenthe Sauvignon Blanc 2001Sauvignon Blanc from Australia
Dry Creek Vineyard Reserve Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Concha y Toro Sauvignon Blanc/Semillon 2001Bordeaux White Blends from Chile
Indigo Hills Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Central Coast, California
Murphy-Goode Reserve Fume Blanc 2001Sauvignon Blanc from Sonoma County, California
Concha y Toro Frontera Chadonnay 2001Chardonnay from Chile
Girard Russian River Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
Studert-Prum Wehlener Sonnenuhr Spatlese 2001Riesling from Mosel, Germany
Donnhoff Oberhauser Brucke Riesling Spatlese 2001Riesling from Nahe, Germany
Caliterra Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Chile
J.J. Prum Graacher Himmelreich Spatlese Riesling AP #1302 2001Riesling from Mosel, Germany
Dr. Loosen Erdener Pralat Auslese GK A P# 4002 (375ml half-bottle) 2001Riesling from Mosel, Germany
Matanzas Creek Sonoma County Sauvignon Blanc 2001Sauvignon Blanc from Sonoma County, California
Jacques et Francois Lurton Pays d'Oc Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Pays d’Oc, South of France, France
Argyle Chardonnay 2001Chardonnay from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Wolffer Estate Chardonnay The Hamptons Long Island La Ferme Marti 2001Chardonnay from New York, Other U.S.
Louis Jadot Macon-Villages 2001Chardonnay from Burgundy, France