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White Wine

Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of white wine?

From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.

How is white wine made?

To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.

What gives white wine its color?

White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.

How do you serve white wine?

Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.

How long does white wine last?

Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Jermann Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
    Jermann Chardonnay 1997
    Chardonnay from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
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      Currently Unavailable $27.99
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      29 99
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    • Ferrari-Carano Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
      Ferrari-Carano Reserve Chardonnay 1997
      Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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        Currently Unavailable $33.99
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      • Trefethen Eshcol Chardonnay 1997
        Chardonnay from California
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          Currently Unavailable $13.99
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          13 99
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        • B.R. Cohn Joseph Herman Vineyard Carneros Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
          B.R. Cohn Joseph Herman Vineyard Carneros Chardonnay 1997
          Chardonnay from Carneros, California
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            Currently Unavailable $26.49
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            28 99
            26 49
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          • Columbia Crest Semillon 1997 Front Label
            Columbia Crest Semillon 1997
            Semillon from Columbia Valley, Washington
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              Currently Unavailable $9.99
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              9 99
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            • Bollini Reserve Pinot Grigio 1997 Front Label
              Bollini Reserve Pinot Grigio 1997
              Pinot Gris/Grigio from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
                5.0 6 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $19.99
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                19 99
                19 99
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              • Cecchi Vernaccia di San Gimignano 1997 Front Label
                Cecchi Vernaccia di San Gimignano 1997
                Vernaccia from Tuscany, Italy
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $11.99
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                  12 99
                  11 99
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                • Caliterra Sauvignon Blanc 1997 Front Label
                  Caliterra Sauvignon Blanc 1997
                  Sauvignon Blanc from Chile
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                    Currently Unavailable $9.99
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                    9 99
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                  • Kunde Wildwood Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                    Kunde Wildwood Chardonnay 1997
                    Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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                      Currently Unavailable $21.99
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                      21 99
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                    • Errazuriz Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                      Chardonnay from Chile
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                        Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                        13 99
                        13 99
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                      • Kunde C.S. Ridge Chardonnay 1997
                        Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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                          Currently Unavailable $24.99
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                          24 99
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                        • Rutherford Hill Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                          Rutherford Hill Chardonnay 1997
                          Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
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                            21 99
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                          • Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Chardonnay (half-bottle) 1997
                            Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
                            • WS88
                            • RP87
                            • WE85
                            0.0 0 Ratings
                            Currently Unavailable $14.39
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                            15 99
                            14 39
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                          • Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                            Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Chardonnay 1997
                            Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
                            • WS87
                            0.0 0 Ratings
                            Currently Unavailable $19.49
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                            20 49
                            19 49
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                          • Villa Mt. Eden Grand Reserve Pinot Blanc 1997
                            Pinot Blanc from Santa Maria Valley, Central Coast, California
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                              Currently Unavailable $19.99
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                              19 99
                              19 99
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                            • Cascade Ridge Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                              Cascade Ridge Chardonnay 1997
                              Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
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                                Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                                7 99
                                7 99
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                              • Trimbach Cuvee Frederic-Emile Riesling 1997 Front Label
                                Trimbach Cuvee Frederic-Emile Riesling 1997
                                Riesling from Alsace, France
                                • WS93
                                0.0 0 Ratings
                                Currently Unavailable $38.99
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                                38 99
                                38 99
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                              • Firestone Sauvignon Blanc 1997 Front Label
                                Firestone Sauvignon Blanc 1997
                                Sauvignon Blanc from California
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                                  9 99
                                  9 99
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                                • Jamiesons Run Sauvignon Blanc 1997
                                  Sauvignon Blanc from Australia
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                                    Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                                    7 99
                                    7 99
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                                  • Domaine Drouhin Oregon Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                    Domaine Drouhin Oregon Chardonnay 1997
                                    Chardonnay from Willamette Valley, Oregon
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                                      Currently Unavailable $37.99
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                                      37 99
                                      37 99
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                                    • Benziger Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                      Benziger Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                                      Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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                                        Currently Unavailable $25.49
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                                        27 49
                                        25 49
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                                      • Stonehaven Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                        Stonehaven Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                                        Chardonnay from Australia
                                        • WS89
                                        0.0 0 Ratings
                                        Currently Unavailable $29.99
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                                        29 99
                                        29 99
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                                      • ZD Wines Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                        ZD Wines Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                                        Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
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                                          Currently Unavailable $50.99
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                                          50 99
                                          50 99
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                                        • Kunde Kinneybrook Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                          Kunde Kinneybrook Chardonnay 1997
                                          Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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                                            Currently Unavailable $21.99
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                                            21 99
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                                          • Beringer Private Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                            Beringer Private Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                                            Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
                                            • WS93
                                            • RP91
                                            0.0 0 Ratings
                                            Currently Unavailable $34.64
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                                            38 49
                                            34 64
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