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White Wine

Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of white wine?

From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.

How is white wine made?

To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.

What gives white wine its color?

White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.

How do you serve white wine?

Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.

How long does white wine last?

Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Jermann Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
    Jermann Chardonnay 1997
    Chardonnay from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $27.99
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      29 99
      27 99
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    • Trefethen Eshcol Chardonnay 1997
      Chardonnay from California
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        Currently Unavailable $13.99
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        13 99
        13 99
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      • Nikolaihof Vinothek Riesling 1997 Front Label
        Nikolaihof Vinothek Riesling 1997
        Riesling from Wachau, Austria
        • RP97
        • V97
        • JS95
        4.7 5 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $179.99
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        210
        179 99
        Save $30.01 (14%)
      • Cecchi Vernaccia di San Gimignano 1997 Front Label
        Cecchi Vernaccia di San Gimignano 1997
        Vernaccia from Tuscany, Italy
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          Currently Unavailable $11.99
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          12 99
          11 99
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        • Robert Mondavi Napa Valley Chardonnay (half-bottle) 1997
          Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
          • WS88
          • RP87
          • WE85
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $14.39
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          15 99
          14 39
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        • Villa Mt. Eden Grand Reserve Pinot Blanc 1997
          Pinot Blanc from Santa Maria Valley, Central Coast, California
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            Currently Unavailable $19.99
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            19 99
            19 99
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          • Pepi Tocai Friulano 1997
            Friulano from Central Coast, California
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $10.49
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              10 49
              10 49
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            • Kunde C.S. Ridge Chardonnay 1997
              Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $24.99
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                24 99
                24 99
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              • Bollini Reserve Pinot Grigio 1997 Front Label
                Bollini Reserve Pinot Grigio 1997
                Pinot Gris/Grigio from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
                  5.0 5 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $19.99
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                  19 99
                  19 99
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                • Petaluma Piccadilly Valley Chardonnay 1997
                  Chardonnay from Australia
                  • WS88
                  • RP86
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $42.49
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                  42 49
                  42 49
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                • Jamiesons Run Sauvignon Blanc 1997
                  Sauvignon Blanc from Australia
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                    Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                    7 99
                    7 99
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                  • Trimbach Cuvee Frederic-Emile Riesling 1997 Front Label
                    Trimbach Cuvee Frederic-Emile Riesling 1997
                    Riesling from Alsace, France
                    • WS93
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $38.99
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                    38 99
                    38 99
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                  • B.R. Cohn Joseph Herman Vineyard Carneros Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                    B.R. Cohn Joseph Herman Vineyard Carneros Chardonnay 1997
                    Chardonnay from Carneros, California
                      0.0 0 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $23.49
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                      25 49
                      23 49
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                    • Hugel Jubilee Reserve Personelle Gewurztraminer 1997 Front Label
                      Hugel Jubilee Reserve Personelle Gewurztraminer 1997
                      Gewurztraminer from Alsace, France
                      • RP90
                      0.0 0 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $33.99
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                      33 99
                      33 99
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                    • Rutherford Hill Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                      Rutherford Hill Chardonnay 1997
                      Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
                        0.0 0 Ratings
                        Currently Unavailable $21.99
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                        21 99
                        21 99
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                      • Stonehaven Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                        Stonehaven Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                        Chardonnay from Australia
                        • WS89
                        0.0 0 Ratings
                        Currently Unavailable $29.99
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                        29 99
                        29 99
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                      • Joseph Drouhin Chablis Secher Premier Cru 1997 Front Label
                        Joseph Drouhin Chablis Secher Premier Cru 1997
                        Chardonnay from Burgundy, France
                          0.0 0 Ratings
                          Currently Unavailable $15.99
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                          15 99
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                        • Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                          Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Chardonnay 1997
                          Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
                          • WS87
                          0.0 0 Ratings
                          Currently Unavailable $19.49
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                          20 49
                          19 49
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                        • Benziger Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                          Benziger Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                          Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
                            0.0 0 Ratings
                            Currently Unavailable $25.49
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                            27 49
                            25 49
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                          • Coldstream Hills Reserve Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                            Coldstream Hills Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                            Chardonnay from Yarra Valley, Victoria, Australia
                            • WS91
                            0.0 0 Ratings
                            Currently Unavailable $23.99
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                            23 99
                            23 99
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                          • Joseph Drouhin Puligny-Montrachet Clos de la Garenne 1997 Front Label
                            Joseph Drouhin Puligny-Montrachet Clos de la Garenne 1997
                            Chardonnay from Burgundy, France
                              0.0 0 Ratings
                              Currently Unavailable $56.99
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                              56 99
                              56 99
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                            • Aldo Conterno Bussiador Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                              Aldo Conterno Bussiador Chardonnay 1997
                              Chardonnay from Piedmont, Italy
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                                Currently Unavailable $35.49
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                                37 99
                                35 49
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                              • Rutherford Hill Hunter Ashby Chardonnay 1997 Front Label
                                Rutherford Hill Hunter Ashby Chardonnay 1997
                                Chardonnay from California
                                  0.0 0 Ratings
                                  Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                                  7 99
                                  7 99
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                                • Chateau Ste. Michelle Reserve Chardonnay 1997
                                  Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
                                  • WS92
                                  0.0 0 Ratings
                                  Currently Unavailable $32.99
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                                  32 99
                                  32 99
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                                • Mirage Vineyards Chardonnay 1997
                                  Chardonnay from California
                                    0.0 0 Ratings
                                    Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                                    7 99
                                    7 99
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