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White Wine

Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types of white wine?

From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.

How is white wine made?

To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision when making white wine is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.

What gives white wine its color?

White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.

How do you serve white wine?

Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.

How long does white wine last?

Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Kistler Vineyards Dutton Ranch Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
    Kistler Vineyards Dutton Ranch Chardonnay 2006
    Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
    • RP94
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  • Chateau Rayas Chateauneuf-du-Pape Reserve Blanc 2006 Front Label
    Chateau Rayas Chateauneuf-du-Pape Reserve Blanc 2006
    Rhone White Blends from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
    • RP92
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    Currently Unavailable $439.97
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    439 97
    439 97
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  • Josef Rosch Trittenheim Apotheke Riesling Spatlese *** (500ML bottle) 2006
    Riesling from Mosel, Germany
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      Currently Unavailable $35.99
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    • Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2006  Front Label
      Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2006
      Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • RP96
      • WS96
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    • Kistler Vineyards Cuvee Cathleen Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
      Kistler Vineyards Cuvee Cathleen Chardonnay 2006
      Chardonnay from Sonoma Mountain, Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
      • RP98
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $195.00
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    • Hartford Court Stone Cote Chardonnay (torn label) 2006 Front Label
      Hartford Court Stone Cote Chardonnay (torn label) 2006
      Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
      • RP96
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $57.97
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      57 97
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    • Chateau Ste. Michelle Indian Wells Vineyard Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
      Chateau Ste. Michelle Indian Wells Vineyard Chardonnay 2006
      Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
      • W&S92
      3.8 13 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $18.49
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      18 49
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    • Von Kesselstatt Piesporter Goldtropfchen Kabinett 2006 Front Label
      Von Kesselstatt Piesporter Goldtropfchen Kabinett 2006
      Riesling from Mosel, Germany
      • WS90
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      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      24
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    • Aubert Lauren Vineyard Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
      Aubert Lauren Vineyard Chardonnay 2006
      Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • RP96
      • WS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $159.00
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      159
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    • Penalolen Sauvignon Blanc 2006 Front Label
      Penalolen Sauvignon Blanc 2006
      Sauvignon Blanc from Chile
        2.8 6 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $9.09
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        11 99
        9 09
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      • Echelon Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
        Echelon Chardonnay 2006
        Chardonnay from Central Coast, California
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          9 28
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        • Veramonte Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
          Veramonte Chardonnay 2006
          Chardonnay from Chile
            3.2 30 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $12.99
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            12 99
            12 99
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          • Falesco Vitiano Bianco 2006 Front Label
            Falesco Vitiano Bianco 2006
            Other White Blends from Italy
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              Currently Unavailable $13.29
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              13 28
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            • Alois Lageder Pinot Bianco 2006 Front Label
              Alois Lageder Pinot Bianco 2006
              Pinot Blanc from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
              • WS88
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $14.99
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              14 99
              14 99
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            • Dr. Loosen Erdener Treppchen Auslese (375ML half-bottle) 2006 Front Label
              Dr. Loosen Erdener Treppchen Auslese (375ML half-bottle) 2006
              Riesling from Mosel, Germany
              • W&S91
              • RP91
              • WS90
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              Currently Unavailable $29.99
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              29 99
              29 99
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            • Cono Sur Sustainable Agriculture Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
              Cono Sur Sustainable Agriculture Chardonnay 2006
              Chardonnay from Chile
                3.5 23 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $8.29
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                10 99
                8 28
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              • Aubert Ritchie Vineyard Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
                Aubert Ritchie Vineyard Chardonnay 2006
                Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
                • RP93
                • WS93
                0.0 0 Ratings
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                153
                129 97
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              • Excelsior Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
                Excelsior Chardonnay 2006
                Chardonnay from South Africa
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                • Chateau Ste. Michelle Pinot Gris 2006 Front Label
                  Chateau Ste. Michelle Pinot Gris 2006
                  Pinot Gris/Grigio from Columbia Valley, Washington
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                    13 28
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                  • Dominio de Eguren Protocolo Blanco 2006 Front Label
                    Dominio de Eguren Protocolo Blanco 2006
                    Other White Blends from Spain
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                    • Marchesi di Gresy Moscato d'Asti La Serra 2006 Front Label
                      Marchesi di Gresy Moscato d'Asti La Serra 2006
                      Muscat from Asti, Piedmont, Italy
                        4.0 5 Ratings
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                        16 99
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                      • Concha y Toro Marques de Casa Concha Chardonnay 2006 Front Label
                        Concha y Toro Marques de Casa Concha Chardonnay 2006
                        Chardonnay from Chile
                        • WS90
                        • W&S90
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                        Currently Unavailable $16.79
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                        18 99
                        16 79
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                      • Freie Weingartner Smaragd Trocken Wachau Terassen Gruner Veltliner 2006 Front Label
                        Freie Weingartner Smaragd Trocken Wachau Terassen Gruner Veltliner 2006
                        Gruner Veltliner from Austria
                        • WS91
                        0.0 0 Ratings
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                        22
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                      • Bertani Velante Pinot Grigio 2006 Front Label
                        Bertani Velante Pinot Grigio 2006
                        Pinot Gris/Grigio from Veneto, Italy
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                        • Brocard Bougros Chablis 2006 Front Label
                          Brocard Bougros Chablis 2006
                          Chardonnay from Burgundy, France
                          • WS90
                          0.0 0 Ratings
                          Currently Unavailable $44.99
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                          90
                          44 99
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