Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision when making white wine is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
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- Rhône White Blends93
- Bordeaux White Blends84
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- Gruner Veltliner41
- Melon de Bourgogne9
- Grenache Blanc1
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Aubert Ritchie Vineyard Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Kumeu River Village Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from New Zealand
Peter Michael Belle Cote Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
Chateau Malartic-Lagraviere Blanc 2007Bordeaux White Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
Bodegas Fillaboa Albarino Rias Baixas 2007Albarino from Rias Baixas, Spain
Sawbuck Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from North Coast, California
Peter Michael Ma Belle Fille Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
Cakebread Reserve Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
MontGras Reserva Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Chile
Trumpeter Torrontes 2007Torrontes from Argentina
Aubert Reuling Vineyard Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
Treana Mer Soleil Vineyard Viognier-Marsanne 2007Rhone White Blends from Central Coast, California
Teruzzi Terre di Tufi 2007Other White Blends from Tuscany, Italy
Ramey Ritchie Vineyard Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Carneros, California
Meerlust Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from South Africa
Oxford Landing Sauvignon Blanc 2007Sauvignon Blanc from South Australia, Australia
Sea Smoke Cellars Gratis Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Sta. Rita Hills, Santa Barbara, Central Coast, California
Grgich Hills Estate Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Argyle Nuthouse Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Willamette Valley, Oregon
Trevor Jones Virgin Chardonnay 2007Chardonnay from Australia
J.J. Prum Wehlener Sonnenuhr Spatlese Riesling 2007Riesling from Mosel, Germany
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