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White Wine

Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of white wine?

From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.

How is white wine made?

To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.

What gives white wine its color?

White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.

How do you serve white wine?

Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.

How long does white wine last?

Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2004  Front Bottle Shot
    Marcassin Marcassin Vineyard Chardonnay 2004
    Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
    • RP97
    • WS94
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  • Marcassin Zio Tony Ranch Chardonnay 2004  Front Label
    Marcassin Zio Tony Ranch Chardonnay 2004
    Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
    • WS96
    • RP93
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    Currently Unavailable $167.97
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    167 97
    167 97
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  • Chateau Brondelle Graves 2004 Front Label
    Chateau Brondelle Graves 2004
    Bordeaux White Blends from Graves, Bordeaux, France
      3.1 11 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      22
      19 99
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    • Haywood Vintner's Select Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
      Haywood Vintner's Select Chardonnay 2004
      Chardonnay from California
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        9 79
        7 99
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      • Jewel Sauvignon Blanc 2004 Front Label
        Jewel Sauvignon Blanc 2004
        Sauvignon Blanc from North Coast, California
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          9 99
          7 99
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        • Lapostolle Cuvee Alexandre Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
          Lapostolle Cuvee Alexandre Chardonnay 2004
          Chardonnay from Chile
          • WS90
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          Currently Unavailable $26.99
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          26 99
          26 99
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        • Gallo of Sonoma Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
          Gallo of Sonoma Chardonnay 2004
          Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
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            Currently Unavailable $10.99
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            16 79
            10 99
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          • Markham Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
            Markham Chardonnay 2004
            Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
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              19 99
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            • Benton Lane Pinot Gris 2004 Front Label
              Benton Lane Pinot Gris 2004
              Pinot Gris/Grigio from Willamette Valley, Oregon
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                Currently Unavailable $18.99
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                18 99
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              • Guigal Condrieu 2004 Front Label
                Guigal Condrieu 2004
                Viognier from Condrieu, Rhone, France
                • RP91
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                44 99
                39 99
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              • Cousino Macul Riesling Dona Isadora 2004 Front Label
                Cousino Macul Riesling Dona Isadora 2004
                Riesling from Chile
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                  Currently Unavailable $9.79
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                • Marcassin Three Sisters Vineyard Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                  Marcassin Three Sisters Vineyard Chardonnay 2004
                  Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
                  • RP95
                  • WS94
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                  167 97
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                • Chalk Hill Sauvignon Blanc 2004 Front Label
                  Chalk Hill Sauvignon Blanc 2004
                  Sauvignon Blanc from Sonoma County, California
                  • WE91
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                  Currently Unavailable $26.99
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                  32 99
                  26 99
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                • Ruffino Libaio 2004 Front Label
                  Ruffino Libaio 2004
                  Chardonnay from Tuscany, Italy
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $9.79
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                    9 79
                    9 79
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                  • Yalumba Y Series Unwooded Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                    Yalumba Y Series Unwooded Chardonnay 2004
                    Chardonnay from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
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                      Currently Unavailable $13.29
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                      13 28
                      13 28
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                    • Nobilo Icon Sauvignon Blanc 2004 Front Label
                      Nobilo Icon Sauvignon Blanc 2004
                      Sauvignon Blanc from Marlborough, New Zealand
                      • WE85
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                      19 99
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                    • Peter Michael La Carriere Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                      Peter Michael La Carriere Chardonnay 2004
                      Chardonnay from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
                      • RP95
                      • WS91
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                      139 97
                      139 97
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                    • St. Clement Carneros Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                      St. Clement Carneros Chardonnay 2004
                      Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
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                        Currently Unavailable $17.99
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                        17 99
                        17 99
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                      • Camelot Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                        Camelot Chardonnay 2004
                        Chardonnay from Central Coast, California
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                          7 99
                          7 99
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                        • Rudolph Muller Riesling Pfalz 2004 Front Label
                          Rudolph Muller Riesling Pfalz 2004
                          Riesling from Germany
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                            10 49
                            10 49
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                          • Placido Pinot Grigio 2004 Front Label
                            Placido Pinot Grigio 2004
                            Pinot Gris/Grigio from Tuscany, Italy
                              0.0 0 Ratings
                              Currently Unavailable $8.99
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                              8 99
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                            • Treana Mer Soleil Vineyard Viognier-Marsanne 2004 Front Label
                              Treana Mer Soleil Vineyard Viognier-Marsanne 2004
                              Rhone White Blends from Central Coast, California
                              • WE90
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                              27 99
                              27 99
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                            • Little Penguin Chardonnay 2004 Front Label
                              Little Penguin Chardonnay 2004
                              Chardonnay from Australia
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                                8 99
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                              • Karthauserhof Eitelsbacher Karthauserhofberg Pinot Blanc 2004 Front Label
                                Karthauserhof Eitelsbacher Karthauserhofberg Pinot Blanc 2004
                                Pinot Blanc from Mosel, Germany
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                                  Currently Unavailable $13.19
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                                  33
                                  13 19
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                                • Lucien Albrecht Riesling Clos Schild 2004 Front Label
                                  Lucien Albrecht Riesling Clos Schild 2004
                                  Riesling from Alsace, France
                                  • RP90
                                  0.0 0 Ratings
                                  Currently Unavailable $37.99
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                                  105
                                  37 99
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