Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision when making white wine is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1553
- Sauvignon Blanc235
- Other White Blends122
- Pinot Gris/Grigio108
- Other White Wine56
- Chenin Blanc42
- Rhône White Blends35
- Bordeaux White Blends28
- Pinot Blanc16
- Gruner Veltliner4
- Melon de Bourgogne2
Peter Michael La Carriere Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Knights Valley, Sonoma County, California
Kistler Vineyards Hyde Vineyard Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Carneros, California
Voss Vineyards VV2 Sauvignon Blanc 2003Sauvignon Blanc from Napa Valley, California
J. Garcia Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Dancing Bull Sauvignon Blanc 2003Sauvignon Blanc from California
Bodega Lurton Torrontes 2003Torrontes from Argentina
Greg Norman Estates Victoria Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Victoria, Australia
Placido Pinot Grigio 2003Pinot Gris/Grigio from Tuscany, Italy
Marques de Caceres Rioja Blanco 2003Other White Blends from Rioja, Spain
MontGras Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Chile
Arnold Palmer Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from California
St. Francis Behler Vineyard Reserve Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Sonoma County, California
Chateau Ste. Michelle Indian Wells Vineyard Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
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Wolffer Estate La Ferme Martin Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from New York, Other U.S.
Antinori Orvieto Classico Campogrande 2003Other White Blends from Tuscany, Italy
Tiefenbrunner Sauvignon Blanc 2003Sauvignon Blanc from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Two Vines Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Columbia Valley, Washington
Alois Lageder Pinot Grigio 2003Pinot Gris/Grigio from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Leasingham Magnus Riesling 2003Riesling from Clare Valley, South Australia, Australia
Laville Pavillon Blanc 2003Bordeaux White Blends from Bordeaux, France
Principessa Gavia Gavi 2003Cortese from Piedmont, Italy
Iron Horse Estate Chardonnay 2003Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
Cecchi Orvieto 2003Other White Blends from Italy
Edna Valley Vineyard Pinot Gris 2003Pinot Gris/Grigio from California