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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002  Front Label
    Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
    • RP90
    4.8 12 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $59.99
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    59 99
    59 99
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  • Clark-Claudon Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter) 2002  Front Label
    Clark-Claudon Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter) 2002
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $239.97
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      239 97
      239 97
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    • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
      Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP91
      • WS90
      4.4 18 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $139.97
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      139 97
      139 97
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    • Mad Fish Western Australia Shiraz 2002 Front Label
      Mad Fish Western Australia Shiraz 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from Western Australia, Australia
      • RP89
      3.6 8 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $18.99
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      18 99
      18 99
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    • d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz (375ML half-bottle) 2002  Front Label
      d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz (375ML half-bottle) 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
      • RP92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $32.99
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      35 99
      32 99
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    • d'Arenberg The Laughing Magpie Shiraz Viognier 2002  Front Label
      d'Arenberg The Laughing Magpie Shiraz Viognier 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
      • RP94
      • W&S93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $29.99
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      29 99
      29 99
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    • Inglenook Rubicon 2002 Front Label
      Inglenook Rubicon 2002
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • WE98
      • W&S96
      4.6 5 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $109.00
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      109
      109
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    • Yalumba The Signature Cabernet/Shiraz 2002 Front Label
      Yalumba The Signature Cabernet/Shiraz 2002
      Other Red Blends from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
      • RP96
      • W&S92
      3.8 6 Ratings
      Price per bottle
      Currently Unavailable $44.99
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      44 99
      44 99
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    • Cline Los Carneros Syrah 2002 Front Label
      Cline Los Carneros Syrah 2002
      Syrah/Shiraz from Carneros, California
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Price per bottle
        Currently Unavailable $13.79
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        13 79
        13 79
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      • Bodegas Muga Reserva 2002 Front Label
        Bodegas Muga Reserva 2002
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Price per bottle
          Currently Unavailable $25.99
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          25 99
          25 99
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        • Tablas Creek Esprit de Beaucastel Rouge 2002 Front Label
          Tablas Creek Esprit de Beaucastel Rouge 2002
          Rhone Red Blends from Central Coast, California
          • WS92
          • RP92
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Price per bottle
          Currently Unavailable $39.99
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          39 99
          39 99
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        • Cullen Mangan 2002 Front Label
          Cullen Mangan 2002
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaret River, Western Australia, Australia
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $38.99
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            38 99
            38 99
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          • Yalumba Old Bush Vine Grenache 2002 Front Label
            Yalumba Old Bush Vine Grenache 2002
            Grenache from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
            • RP90
            • W&S90
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $19.99
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            19 99
            19 99
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          • Laurel Glen Counterpoint Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Laurel Glen Counterpoint Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
            • WE91
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $35.99
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            35 99
            35 99
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          • Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel 2002 Front Label
            Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel 2002
            Zinfandel from Sonoma County, California
            • WS92
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $14.99
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            16
            14 99
            Save $1.01 (6%)
          • Laurel Glen Sonoma Mountain Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Laurel Glen Sonoma Mountain Estate Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
            • WE95
            3.9 7 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $62.99
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            62 99
            62 99
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          • d'Arenberg The Coppermine Road Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            d'Arenberg The Coppermine Road Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
            • RP94
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Price per bottle
            Currently Unavailable $68.99
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            68 99
            68 99
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          • Clark-Claudon Eternity Cabernet Sauvignon 2002 Front Label
            Clark-Claudon Eternity Cabernet Sauvignon 2002
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Howell Mountain, Napa Valley, California
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Price per bottle
              Currently Unavailable $89.97
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              89 97
              89 97
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            • Vietti Barbera d'Asti Tre Vigne 2002 Front Label
              Vietti Barbera d'Asti Tre Vigne 2002
              Barbera from Asti, Piedmont, Italy
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Price per bottle
                Currently Unavailable $19.99
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                22 99
                19 99
                Save $3.00 (13%)
              • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2002 Front Label
                Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2002
                Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                • RP91
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Price per bottle
                Currently Unavailable $299.97
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                299 97
                299 97
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              • M. Chapoutier Cotes du Rhone Belleruche Rouge 2002 Front Label
                M. Chapoutier Cotes du Rhone Belleruche Rouge 2002
                Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone, Rhone, France
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Price per bottle
                  Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                  13 99
                  13 99
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                • Wirra Wirra McLaren Vale Shiraz 2002 Front Label
                  Wirra Wirra McLaren Vale Shiraz 2002
                  Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $34.99
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                    34 99
                    34 99
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                  • Etude Heirloom Pinot Noir (1.5L Magnum) 2002  Front Label
                    Etude Heirloom Pinot Noir (1.5L Magnum) 2002
                    Pinot Noir from Mendocino, California
                    • WE95
                    • WS92
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $104.97
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                    104 97
                    104 97
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                  • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (6 Liter Bottle) 2002 Front Label
                    Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon (6 Liter Bottle) 2002
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
                    • RP90
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $999.00
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                    999
                    999
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                  • WillaKenzie Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2002 Front Label
                    WillaKenzie Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2002
                    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
                    • WS90
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $25.00
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                    25
                    25
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