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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • Vietti Barolo Ravera 2000  Front Label
    Vietti Barolo Ravera 2000
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
    • WS95
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    Currently Unavailable $109.99
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Kiana Pinot Noir 2000 Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Kiana Pinot Noir 2000
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • WS91
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    Currently Unavailable $36.99
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    36 99
    36 99
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Emery Pinot Noir 2000 Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Emery Pinot Noir 2000
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • WS90
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    Currently Unavailable $45.99
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    49 99
    45 99
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  • Chateau Fonroque 2000
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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      Currently Unavailable $79.97
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      79 97
      79 97
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    • Wirra Wirra McLaren Vale Shiraz 2000 Front Label
      Wirra Wirra McLaren Vale Shiraz 2000
      Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
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        Currently Unavailable $34.99
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        34 99
        34 99
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      • Vietti Barbera d'Asti Tre Vigne 2000
        Barbera from Asti, Piedmont, Italy
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          Currently Unavailable $19.99
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          19 99
          19 99
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        • WillaKenzie Estate Pierre Leon Pinot Noir 2000 Front Label
          WillaKenzie Estate Pierre Leon Pinot Noir 2000
          Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
          • WS88
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          Currently Unavailable $37.99
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          37 99
          37 99
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        • d'Arenberg The High Trellis Cabernet Sauvignon 2000 Front Label
          d'Arenberg The High Trellis Cabernet Sauvignon 2000
          Cabernet Sauvignon from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
          • WE89
          0.0 0 Ratings
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          Currently Unavailable $19.99
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          22 99
          19 99
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        • d'Arenberg The Stump Jump Red 2000 Front Label
          d'Arenberg The Stump Jump Red 2000
          Rhone Red Blends from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
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            Currently Unavailable $13.99
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            13 99
            13 99
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          • d'Arenberg The Footbolt Shiraz 2000 Front Label
            d'Arenberg The Footbolt Shiraz 2000
            Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
            • RP89
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            Currently Unavailable $20.99
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            20 99
            20 99
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          • WillaKenzie Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2000 Front Label
            WillaKenzie Estate Willamette Valley Pinot Noir 2000
            Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
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              Currently Unavailable $26.99
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              26 99
              26 99
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            • Clark-Claudon Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter) 2000  Front Label
              Clark-Claudon Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (3 Liter) 2000
              Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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                Currently Unavailable $209.97
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                209 97
                209 97
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              • Mad Fish Cabernet/Merlot/Cab Franc 2000 Front Label
                Mad Fish Cabernet/Merlot/Cab Franc 2000
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Western Australia, Australia
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                  Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                  14 99
                  14 99
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                • Bonterra Organically Grown Syrah 2000 Front Label
                  Bonterra Organically Grown Syrah 2000
                  Syrah/Shiraz from Central Coast, California
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                    Currently Unavailable $21.99
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                    21 99
                    21 99
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                  • Vasse Felix Cabernet Sauvignon 2000 Front Label
                    Vasse Felix Cabernet Sauvignon 2000
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Australia
                    • WE92
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                    Currently Unavailable $34.99
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                    34 99
                    34 99
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                  • d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 2000  Front Label
                    d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 2000
                    Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
                    • RP94
                    • WS93
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $69.99
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                    69 99
                    69 99
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                  • Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel 2000
                    Zinfandel from Sonoma County, California
                    • WS88
                    • RP86
                    • WE85
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Price per bottle
                    Currently Unavailable $18.89
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                    20 99
                    18 89
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                  • Storybook Mountain Eastern Exposures Zinfandel 2000 Front Label
                    Storybook Mountain Eastern Exposures Zinfandel 2000
                    Zinfandel from Napa Valley, California
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                      Currently Unavailable $39.99
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                      39 99
                      39 99
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                    • Benziger Merlot 2000
                      Merlot from Sonoma County, California
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                        Currently Unavailable $18.99
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                        18 99
                        18 99
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                      • Yalumba The Menzies Cabernet Sauvignon 2000 Front Label
                        Yalumba The Menzies Cabernet Sauvignon 2000
                        Cabernet Sauvignon from Coonawarra, South Australia, Australia
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                          Currently Unavailable $43.99
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                          43 99
                          43 99
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                        • Azelia Barolo Bricco Fiasco 2000  Front Label
                          Azelia Barolo Bricco Fiasco 2000
                          Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                          • WS95
                          0.0 0 Ratings
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                          Currently Unavailable $79.97
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                          79 97
                          79 97
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                        • WillaKenzie Estate Gamay Noir 2000
                          Other Red Blends from Willamette Valley, Oregon
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                            Currently Unavailable $18.99
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                            20 99
                            18 99
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                          • Capezzana Barco Reale 2000
                            Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
                            • WS91
                            0.0 0 Ratings
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                            Currently Unavailable $18.99
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                            18 99
                            18 99
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                          • Twomey Cellars by Silver Oak Merlot 2000 Front Label
                            Twomey Cellars by Silver Oak Merlot 2000
                            Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                            • RP91
                            0.0 0 Ratings
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                            Currently Unavailable $59.99
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                            59 99
                            59 99
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                          • Bonterra Mendocino County Cabernet Sauvignon 2000 Front Label
                            Bonterra Mendocino County Cabernet Sauvignon 2000
                            Cabernet Sauvignon from North Coast, California
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                              Currently Unavailable $22.99
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                              22 99
                              22 99
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