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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • Louis Roederer Brut Nature Philippe Starck Label 2009 Front Label
    Louis Roederer Brut Nature Philippe Starck Label 2009
    Vintage Sparkling Wine from Champagne, France
    • JS94
    • W&S94
    4.4 18 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $89.99
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  • Tilia Cabernet Sauvignon 2009 Front Label
    Tilia Cabernet Sauvignon 2009
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Argentina
    • W&S91
    3.1 160 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $8.99
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    10
    8 99
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  • d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 2009 Front Label
    d'Arenberg The Dead Arm Shiraz 2009
    Syrah/Shiraz from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
    • RP95
    • W&S92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $65.99
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    65 99
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  • Tablas Creek Esprit de Beaucastel Rouge (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2009 Front Label
    Tablas Creek Esprit de Beaucastel Rouge (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2009
    Rhone Red Blends from Central Coast, California
    • RP93
    • W&S92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $115.00
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    115
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  • Telmo Rodriguez Valdeorras Gaba do Xil Mencia 2009 Front Label
    Telmo Rodriguez Valdeorras Gaba do Xil Mencia 2009
    Mencia from Spain
    • W&S93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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  • Frog's Leap Merlot (3 Liter Bottle) 2009 Front Label
    Frog's Leap Merlot (3 Liter Bottle) 2009
    Merlot from Napa Valley, California
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $152.00
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    152
    152
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  • Domaine de la Vougeraie Vougeot Le Clos Blanc de Vougeot Monopole Premier Cru 2009 Front Label
    Domaine de la Vougeraie Vougeot Le Clos Blanc de Vougeot Monopole Premier Cru 2009
    Chardonnay from Vougeot, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • W&S93
    • RP93
    • BH91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $136.99
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    136 99
    136 99
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  • Maysara Three Degrees Pinot Noir 2009 Front Label
    Maysara Three Degrees Pinot Noir 2009
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $24.99
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    24 99
    24 99
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  • Bethel Heights Justice Vineyard Pinot Noir 2009 Front Label
    Bethel Heights Justice Vineyard Pinot Noir 2009
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • WS93
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $55.99
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    55 99
    55 99
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  • Evening Land Seven Springs Vineyard La Source Chardonnay 2009 Front Label
    Evening Land Seven Springs Vineyard La Source Chardonnay 2009
    Chardonnay from Eola-Amity Hills, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • WS97
    • W&S96
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $74.99
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    74 99
    74 99
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  • Twomey Cellars by Silver Oak Anderson Valley Pinot Noir 2009 Front Label
    Twomey Cellars by Silver Oak Anderson Valley Pinot Noir 2009
    Pinot Noir from North Coast, California
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $39.99
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    50
    39 99
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  • Yalumba Y Series Shiraz and Viognier 2009 Front Label
    Yalumba Y Series Shiraz and Viognier 2009
    Syrah/Shiraz from Australia
    • WS89
    • W&S89
    3.6 16 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    13 99
    13 99
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  • La Playa Axel Syrah 2009 Front Label
    La Playa Axel Syrah 2009
    Syrah/Shiraz from Colchagua Valley, Rapel Valley, Chile
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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    19 99
    19 99
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  • d'Arenberg The Ironstone Pressings 2009 Front Label
    d'Arenberg The Ironstone Pressings 2009
    Rhone Red Blends from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
    • RP94
    • WE92
    • W&S90
    3.8 9 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $39.99
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    65
    39 99
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Gris 2009 Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Gris 2009
    Pinot Gris/Grigio from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $24.99
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    24 99
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  • Clos Troteligotte K-Lys Malbec 2009 Front Label
    Clos Troteligotte K-Lys Malbec 2009
    Malbec from Cahors, Southwest, France
    • WE91
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $26.99
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    26 99
    26 99
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  • Matetic EQ Sauvignon Blanc 2009 Front Label
    Matetic EQ Sauvignon Blanc 2009
    Sauvignon Blanc from Chile
    • W&S92
    • RP90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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    19 99
    19 99
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  • Rutherford Ranch Chardonnay 2009 Front Label
    Rutherford Ranch Chardonnay 2009
    Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
    • W&S90
    3.8 8 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $14.29
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    16
    14 28
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Blanc 2009 Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Blanc 2009
    Pinot Blanc from Yamhill-Carlton District, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S91
    • WS90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $16.97
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    25
    16 97
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  • Ponzi Tavola Pinot Noir 2009 Front Label
    Ponzi Tavola Pinot Noir 2009
    Pinot Noir from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $24.99
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  • Christian Moreau Chablis 2009 Front Label
    Christian Moreau Chablis 2009
    Chardonnay from Chablis, Burgundy, France
    • BH89
    • W&S89
    • WS88
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $26.99
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    26 99
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  • Grgich Hills Estate Chardonnay 2009 Front Label
    Grgich Hills Estate Chardonnay 2009
    Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
    • W&S91
    • CG90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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  • Davis Bynum Pinot Noir 2009 Front Label
    Davis Bynum Pinot Noir 2009
    Pinot Noir from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $31.99
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    31 99
    31 99
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  • Domaine de Nizas Rose 2009 Front Label
    Domaine de Nizas Rose 2009
    Rosé from Languedoc, South of France, France
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $16.99
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    16 99
    16 99
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Gris (375ML half-bottle) 2009 Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Pinot Gris (375ML half-bottle) 2009
    Pinot Gris/Grigio from Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $11.29
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    11 28
    11 28
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