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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • Badia a Coltibuono Chianti Classico 2018  Front Label
    Badia a Coltibuono Chianti Classico 2018
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • WS93
    • WE92
    • W&S91
    • JS91
    • V91
    • D91
    3.9 26 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $23.99
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  • MacRostie Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
    MacRostie Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2018
    Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
    • WS91
    • RP90
    • W&S90
    • WE90
    3.7 28 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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    34
    29 99
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  • Vasse Felix Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Vasse Felix Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Margaret River, Western Australia, Australia
    • JS94
    • WS92
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $44.99
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    44 99
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  • Keenan Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    Keenan Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Spring Mountain District, Napa Valley, California
    • W&S93
    • JD91
    3.8 9 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $42.99
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    42 99
    42 99
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  • Bouchaine Estate Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    Bouchaine Estate Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Carneros, California
    • WW92
    • W&S92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $34.99
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    34 99
    34 99
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  • GEN5 Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    GEN5 Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Lodi, California
    • WE88
    • W&S88
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $12.99
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    12 99
    12 99
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  • Bodegas Raul Perez Ultreia Godello 2018  Front Label
    Bodegas Raul Perez Ultreia Godello 2018
    Godello from Bierzo, Spain
    • W&S94
    • RP92
    4.0 78 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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    29 99
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  • Liquid Farm White Hill Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    Liquid Farm White Hill Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Sta. Rita Hills, Santa Barbara, Central Coast, California
    • V94
    • JD93
    • W&S92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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    49 99
    49 99
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  • Barra of Mendocino Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Barra of Mendocino Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Mendocino, California
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $24.99
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    24 99
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  • Santa Ema Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
    Santa Ema Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Maipo Valley, Chile
    • WS91
    • RP90
    • W&S90
    • WW90
    3.7 32 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $14.99
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    18
    14 99
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  • Michel Magnien Chambolle-Musigny Les Argillieres 2018  Front Label
    Michel Magnien Chambolle-Musigny Les Argillieres 2018
    Pinot Noir from Chambolle-Musigny, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • W&S93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $129.99
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    129 99
    129 99
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  • Bethel Heights Casteel Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
    Bethel Heights Casteel Pinot Noir 2018
    Pinot Noir from Eola-Amity Hills, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • V95
    • W&S91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $89.99
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    89 99
    89 99
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  • Domaine des Marrans Fleurie 2018  Front Label
    Domaine des Marrans Fleurie 2018
    Gamay from Beaujolais, Burgundy, France
    • W&S91
    3.0 9 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $32.99
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    32 99
    32 99
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  • Cristom Eola-Amity Hills Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    Cristom Eola-Amity Hills Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Eola-Amity Hills, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • W&S91
    • RP91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $42.99
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    42 99
    42 99
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  • Michel Magnien Morey-Saint-Denis 2018  Front Label
    Michel Magnien Morey-Saint-Denis 2018
    Pinot Noir from Morey-St-Denis, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $79.99
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    79 99
    79 99
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  • Talley Arroyo Grande Valley Estate Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
    Talley Arroyo Grande Valley Estate Pinot Noir 2018
    Pinot Noir from Arroyo Grande Valley, Central Coast, California
    • WE93
    • JD90
    • W&S90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $37.99
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    37 99
    37 99
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  • Radio-Coteau Wingtine Chardonnay 2018  Front Label
    Radio-Coteau Wingtine Chardonnay 2018
    Chardonnay from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
    • V95
    • W&S93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Price per bottle
    Currently Unavailable $67.99
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    67 99
    67 99
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