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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Castellani Sangiovese 2016  Front Label
    Castellani Sangiovese 2016
    Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
    • JS94
    • WW92
    4.0 606 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $12.99
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  • Castellani Chianti Classico Riserva 2016  Front Label
    Castellani Chianti Classico Riserva 2016
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS93
    4.1 83 Ratings
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  • Les Cretes Pinot Nero 2019  Front Label
    Les Cretes Pinot Nero 2019
    Pinot Noir from Valle d'Aosta, Italy
    • RP93
    4.7 9 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $24.99
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  • Chateau Saint-Andre Corbin  2018  Front Label
    Chateau Saint-Andre Corbin 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • JS92
    • WE90
    • WW90
    4.4 54 Ratings
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    25
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  • Eguren Ugarte Cincuenta 2016  Front Label
    Eguren Ugarte Cincuenta 2016
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS90
    4.6 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Eguren Ugarte Cosecha 2018  Front Label
    Eguren Ugarte Cosecha 2018
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS90
    4.0 29 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $10.99
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  • Avaline Red Blend  Front Label
    Avaline Red Blend
    Rhone Red Blends from Vin de France, France
    • TP92
    • WW89
    4.2 124 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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  • Maison Brotte Creation Grosset Cru des Cotes du Rhone 2017  Front Label
    Maison Brotte Creation Grosset Cru des Cotes du Rhone 2017
    Rhone Red Blends from Cotes du Rhone Villages, Rhone, France
    • JS91
    • WS90
    4.8 12 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $16.99
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  • A16 Punto Ar Nuit 2017  Front Label
    A16 Punto Ar Nuit 2017
    Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
    • JS92
    4.0 12 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $14.99
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  • CVNE Vina Real Crianza 2017  Front Label
    CVNE Vina Real Crianza 2017
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS93
    • WE91
    • RP91
    4.2 9 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $14.99
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    17
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  • Bodegas Izadi Rioja Reserva 2016 Front Label
    Bodegas Izadi Rioja Reserva 2016
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS94
    • RP92
    4.1 27 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $23.99
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  • Hacienda Lopez de Haro Crianza 2017  Front Label
    Hacienda Lopez de Haro Crianza 2017
    Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
    • WE90
    4.2 38 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    13 99
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  • Castellani Chianti Annata 2018  Front Label
    Castellani Chianti Annata 2018
    Sangiovese from Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS91
    4.1 57 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Chateau La Cardonne  2016  Front Label
    Chateau La Cardonne 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Medoc, Bordeaux, France
    • JS92
    • WE91
    4.3 43 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $25.99
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  • Chateau Mongravey  2018  Front Label
    Chateau Mongravey 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
    • WE94
    • JS92
    • D92
    • WS91
    4.8 25 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $51.99
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  • Morgan Double L Vineyard Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Morgan Double L Vineyard Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Santa Lucia Highlands, Monterey, Central Coast, California
    • WE96
    • WS92
    4.5 6 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $57.99
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  • Hartford Court Land's Edge Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Hartford Court Land's Edge Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
    • WE96
    • JD94
    • RP93
    • WS92
    4.1 9 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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  • Era Costana Reserva 2014  Front Label
    Era Costana Reserva 2014
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS90
    4.0 31 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2017  Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2017
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE92
    • JS91
    4.6 17 Ratings
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    28
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  • Arnaldo Rivera Barolo Ravera 2015  Front Label
    Arnaldo Rivera Barolo Ravera 2015
    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
    • JS96
    • WS92
    • WE90
    4.3 30 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $44.99
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  • Catena Appellation Paraje Altamira Malbec 2018  Front Label
    Catena Appellation Paraje Altamira Malbec 2018
    Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
    • JS95
    • RP93
    4.2 27 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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  • Carlos Serres Crianza 2016  Front Label
    Carlos Serres Crianza 2016
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS90
    4.6 5 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $15.99
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  • Eguren Ugarte Reserva 2014  Front Label
    Eguren Ugarte Reserva 2014
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • WE90
    4.8 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $17.99
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  • R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Cubillo Crianza 2012  Front Label
    R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Cubillo Crianza 2012
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • JS95
    4.2 5 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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    29 99
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  • Bodegas Roda Sela Rioja 2017  Front Label
    Bodegas Roda Sela Rioja 2017
    Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
    • JS92
    • RP91
    4.2 8 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $26.99
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    26 99
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