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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
    Hall Coeur Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
    Cabernet Sauvignon from St. Helena, Napa Valley, California
    • WW98
    • WS94
    • WE91
    4.3 35 Ratings
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  • Hidalgo Tradicion H Gran Reserva 2012  Front Label
    Hidalgo Tradicion H Gran Reserva 2012
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • WE93
    4.2 9 Ratings
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    45
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  • Jean-Paul Brun Domaine des Terres Dorees Fleurie 2017  Front Label
    Jean-Paul Brun Domaine des Terres Dorees Fleurie 2017
    Gamay from Beaujolais, Burgundy, France
    • JS92
    • RP92
    • V91
    4.7 9 Ratings
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  • Hall Eighteen Seventy-Three Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
    Hall Eighteen Seventy-Three Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • WW97
    • WS93
    • WE90
    4.4 19 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $74.99
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    85
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  • Petra Zingari Toscana 2017  Front Label
    Petra Zingari Toscana 2017
    Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
    • WS93
    • JS93
    4.0 20 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $18.99
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  • Castellani Sangiovese 2014 Front Label
    Castellani Sangiovese 2014
    Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
    • JS90
    4.4 7 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Joseph Drouhin Hospices De Belleville Brouilly 2015 Front Label
    Joseph Drouhin Hospices De Belleville Brouilly 2015
    Gamay from Beaujolais, Burgundy, France
    • JS93
    4.1 10 Ratings
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  • Barone Ricasoli Rocca Guicciarda Chianti Classico Riserva 2016 Front Label
    Barone Ricasoli Rocca Guicciarda Chianti Classico Riserva 2016
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS93
    4.0 12 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $21.99
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    27
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  • Gerard Bertrand Kosmos Organic Red Blend 2016 Front Label
    Gerard Bertrand Kosmos Organic Red Blend 2016
    Rhone Red Blends from Languedoc-Roussillon, France
    • WW90
    4.3 36 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $21.99
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    25
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  • Gerard Bertrand Art de Vivre Vin Rouge 2015  Front Label
    Gerard Bertrand Art de Vivre Vin Rouge 2015
    Rhone Red Blends from Languedoc-Roussillon, France
    • WS90
    3.9 22 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $16.99
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    20
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  • Frescobaldi Tenuta Perano Chianti Classico 2015  Front Label
    Frescobaldi Tenuta Perano Chianti Classico 2015
    Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
    • JS93
    • TP90
    4.2 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $29.99
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    29 99
    29 99
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  • Merryvale Pinot Noir 2014 Front Label
    Merryvale Pinot Noir 2014
    Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
    • JS92
    4.1 5 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $38.99
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  • Cattleya Wines Belly of the Whale Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
    Cattleya Wines Belly of the Whale Pinot Noir 2017
    Pinot Noir from Carneros, California
    • RP96
    • JD95
    • WE93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $79.99
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  • Arrowood Proprietary Red 2013  Front Label
    Arrowood Proprietary Red 2013
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
    • V92
    4.8 5 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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  • Pegasus Bay Pinot Noir 2013 Front Label
    Pegasus Bay Pinot Noir 2013
    Pinot Noir from Canterbury, New Zealand
    • D95
    • RP91
    • BH90
    4.3 6 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $54.99
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  • Hall Ellie's Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
    Hall Ellie's Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • JD95
    • RP94
    • WW94
    • WE94
    4.6 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $74.99
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  • K Vintners Powerline Syrah 2016  Front Label
    K Vintners Powerline Syrah 2016
    Syrah/Shiraz from Walla Walla Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
    • JD98
    • RP93
    4.1 8 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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  • Lafond SRH Series Syrah 2015 Front Label
    Lafond SRH Series Syrah 2015
    Syrah/Shiraz from Sta. Rita Hills, Santa Barbara, Central Coast, California
    • WE93
    • WS90
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    28 99
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  • Secret Indulgence Confession Red 2015  Front Label
    Secret Indulgence Confession Red 2015
    Other Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
    • JD92
    • RP91
    • JS91
    4.6 10 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $43.99
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  • Chateau Saint-Georges Cote Pavie (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Saint-Georges Cote Pavie (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • JS95
    • RP95
    • WS93
    • D91
    • JD91
    0.0 0 Ratings
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    36 97
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  • Rombauer El Dorado Twin Rivers Zinfandel 2017  Front Label
    Rombauer El Dorado Twin Rivers Zinfandel 2017
    Zinfandel from El Dorado, Sierra Foothills, California
      4.8 13 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $49.99
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    • Amapola Creek Monte Rosso Vineyard Zinfandel 2014 Front Label
      Amapola Creek Monte Rosso Vineyard Zinfandel 2014
      Zinfandel from Moon Mountain District, Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
      • RP94
      4.2 15 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $39.99
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    • Immortal Estate Slope Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 Front Label
      Immortal Estate Slope Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
      • RP97
      • JD93
      4.8 6 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $99.99
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      99 99
      99 99
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    • Santadi Carignano del Sulcis Riserva Rocca Rubia 2015  Front Label
      Santadi Carignano del Sulcis Riserva Rocca Rubia 2015
      Carignan from Sardinia, Italy
      • JS93
      • RP92
      • WS90
      4.2 6 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $37.99
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      45
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    • Jean Faure (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018 Front Label
      Jean Faure (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
      Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
      • WS95
      • JD95
      • D93
      • JS92
      • RP91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $33.97
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      33 97
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