Learn about Italian wine, common tasting notes, where the region is and more ...
Named “Oenotria” by the ancient Greeks for its abundance of grapevines, Italy has always had a culture virtually inextricable from red, white and sparkling wine. Wine grapes grow in every region throughout Italy—a long and narrow boot-shaped peninsula extending into the Mediterranean.
Italian Wine Regions
Naturally, most Italian wine regions enjoy a Mediterranean climate and a notable coastline, if not coastline on all borders, as is the case with the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The Alps in the northern regions of Valle d'Aosta, Lombardy and Alto Adige create favorable conditions for cool-climate grape varieties. The Apennine Mountains, extending from Liguria in the north to Calabria in the south, affect climate, grape variety and harvest periods throughout. Considering the variable terrain and conditions, it is still safe to say that most high quality viticulture in Italy takes place on picturesque hillsides.
Italian Grape Varieties
Italy boasts more indigenous grape varieties than any other country—between 500 and 800, depending on whom you ask—and most Italian wine production relies upon these native grapes. In some regions, international varieties have worked their way in, but are declining in popularity, especially as younger growers take interest in reviving local varieties. Most important are Sangiovese, reaching its greatest potential in Tuscany, as well as Nebbiolo, the prized grape of Piedmont, producing single varietal, age-worthy Piedmontese wines. Other important varieties include Corvina, Montepulciano, Barbera, Nero d’Avola and of course the white wines, Trebbiano, Verdicchio and Garganega. The list goes on.
Bertani Amarone Classico 1988Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
Lungarotti Rubesco Riserva Vigna Monticchio 1988Other Red Blends from Italy
Lungarotti San Giorgio (Cabernet Sauvignon/Sangiovese) 1988Other Red Blends from Italy
Antinori Tignanello 1988Tuscan Blends from Tuscany, Italy
Bruno Giacosa Barbaresco Gallina (signs of past seepage) 1988Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
Fontanafredda Barolo 1988Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Col d'Orcia Brunello di Montalcino Rouge 1988Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
Pio Cesare Barolo 1988Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Gaja Barbaresco 1988Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
Gaja Langhe Sperss 1988Nebbiolo from Piedmont, Italy
Contini Vernaccia di Oristano Riserva 1988Vernaccia from Sardinia, Italy