Learn about Italian wine, common tasting notes, where the region is and more ...
Named “Oenotria” by the ancient Greeks for its abundance of grapevines, Italy has always had a culture virtually inextricable from red, white and sparkling wine. Wine grapes grow in every region throughout Italy—a long and narrow boot-shaped peninsula extending into the Mediterranean.
Italian Wine Regions
Naturally, most Italian wine regions enjoy a Mediterranean climate and a notable coastline, if not coastline on all borders, as is the case with the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The Alps in the northern regions of Valle d'Aosta, Lombardy and Alto Adige create favorable conditions for cool-climate grape varieties. The Apennine Mountains, extending from Liguria in the north to Calabria in the south, affect climate, grape variety and harvest periods throughout. Considering the variable terrain and conditions, it is still safe to say that most high quality viticulture in Italy takes place on picturesque hillsides.
Italian Grape Varieties
Italy boasts more indigenous grape varieties than any other country—between 500 and 800, depending on whom you ask—and most Italian wine production relies upon these native grapes. In some regions, international varieties have worked their way in, but are declining in popularity, especially as younger growers take interest in reviving local varieties. Most important are Sangiovese, reaching its greatest potential in Tuscany, as well as Nebbiolo, the prized grape of Piedmont, producing single varietal, age-worthy Piedmontese wines. Other important varieties include Corvina, Montepulciano, Barbera, Nero d’Avola and of course the white wines, Trebbiano, Verdicchio and Garganega. The list goes on.
Elvio Cogno Barolo 2004Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
Vitanza Brunello di Montalcino 2004Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
Plozner Pinot Grigio 2004Pinot Gris/Grigio from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
Bertani Villa Novare Valpolicella 2004Other Red Wine from Valpolicella, Veneto, Italy
Marco Felluga Collio Merlot Varneri 2004Merlot from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
Falesco Marciliano 2004Bordeaux Red Blends from Italy
Ruffino Libaio 2004Chardonnay from Tuscany, Italy
Zenato Cresasso 2004Other Red Blends from Veneto, Italy
Castello di Albola Chianti Classico Riserva 2004Sangiovese from Chianti Classico, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
Bootleg Chianti 2004Sangiovese from Chianti, Tuscany, Italy
Zenato Lugana San Benedetto 2004Trebbiano from Veneto, Italy
Avignonesi Avignonesi Rosso 2004Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
Cecchi Castello Montauto Vernaccia di San Gimignano 2004Vernaccia from Tuscany, Italy
Bertani Due Uve Bianco 2004Other White Blends from Veneto, Italy
Cecchi Val Delle Rose Morellino di Scansano 2004Other Red Wine from Tuscany, Italy
Badia a Coltibuono Cancelli 2004Other Red Blends from Tuscany, Italy