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Champagne & Sparkling

Learn about Champagne & sparkling wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the different types of Champagne and sparkling wine?

Beloved for its lively bubbles, sparkling wine is the ultimate beverage for any festivity, whether it's a major celebration or a mere merrymaking of nothing much! Sparkling wine is made throughout the winemaking world, but only can be called “Champagne” if it comes from the Champagne region of France and is made using what is referred to as the "traditional method." Other regions have their own specialties—Crémant in other parts of France, Cava in Spain and Prosecco in Italy, to name a few. New World regions like California, Australia and New Zealand enjoy the freedom to make many styles, with production methods and traditions defined locally. In a dry style, Champagne and sparkling wine goes with just about any type of food. Sweet styles are not uncommon and among both dry and sweet, you'll find white, rosé—or even red!—examples.

How is Champagne and sparkling wine made?

Champagne, Crémant, Cava and many other sparkling wines of the world are made using the traditional method, in which the second fermentation (the one that makes the bubbles) takes place inside the bottle. With this method, spent yeast cells remain in contact with the wine during bottle aging, giving it a creamy mouthful, toasted bread or brioche qualities and in many cases, the capacity to age. For Prosecco, the carbonation process usually occurs in a stainless steel tank (before bottling) to preserve the fresh fruity and floral aromas imminent in this style.

What gives Champagne and sparkling wine its bubbles?

The bubbles in sparkling wine are formed when the base wine undergoes a secondary fermentation, which traps carbon dioxide inside the bottle or fermentation vessel.

How do you serve Champagne and sparkling wine?

Ideally for storing Champagne and sparkling wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool Champagne and sparkling wine down to about 40F to 50F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking Champagne and sparkling wine, the best glasses have a stem and flute or tulip shape to allow the bead (bubbles) to show.

How long does Champagne and sparkling wine last?

Most sparkling wines like Prosecco, Cava or others around the “$20 and under” price point are intended for early consumption. Wines made using the traditional method with extended cellar time before release can typically improve with age. If you are unsure, definitely consult a wine professional for guidance.

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  • Schramsberg Brut Rose 2016 Front Label
    Schramsberg Brut Rose 2016
    Rosé Sparkling Wine from North Coast, California
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  • Schramsberg Blanc de Blancs 2016 Front Label
    Schramsberg Blanc de Blancs 2016
    Vintage Sparkling Wine from North Coast, California
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    • CG91
    • W&S90
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  • Mont-Marcal Cava Brut Reserva 2016  Front Label
    Mont-Marcal Cava Brut Reserva 2016
    Vintage Sparkling Wine from Penedes, Spain
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  • Gerard Bertrand Cuvee Thomas Jefferson Cremant de Limoux Brut 2016  Front Label
    Gerard Bertrand Cuvee Thomas Jefferson Cremant de Limoux Brut 2016
    Vintage Sparkling Wine from Cremant de Limoux, Limoux, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
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    • Avinyo Cava Reserva Rose 2016 Front Label
      Avinyo Cava Reserva Rose 2016
      Rosé Sparkling Wine from Spain
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      • Nino Franco Faive Rose Brut 2016 Front Label
        Nino Franco Faive Rose Brut 2016
        Rosé Sparkling Wine from Veneto, Italy
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        • Bodegas Jorge Ordonez Malaga  Muscat Frizzante 2016 Front Label
          Bodegas Jorge Ordonez Malaga Muscat Frizzante 2016
          Non-Vintage Sparkling Wine from Spain
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          • Vins el Cep Gelida Brut Reserva Pinot Noir Rose 2016  Front Label
            Vins el Cep Gelida Brut Reserva Pinot Noir Rose 2016
            Rosé Sparkling Wine from Penedes, Spain
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            • Maximin Grunhauser Sekt Brut Riesling 2016  Front Label
              Maximin Grunhauser Sekt Brut Riesling 2016
              Vintage Sparkling Wine from Mosel, Germany
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