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Champagne & Sparkling

Learn about Champagne & sparkling wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the different types of Champagne and sparkling wine?

Beloved for its lively bubbles, sparkling wine is the ultimate beverage for any festivity, whether it's a major celebration or a mere merrymaking of nothing much! Sparkling wine is made throughout the winemaking world, but only can be called “Champagne” if it comes from the Champagne region of France and is made using what is referred to as the "traditional method." Other regions have their own specialties—Crémant in other parts of France, Cava in Spain and Prosecco in Italy, to name a few. New World regions like California, Australia and New Zealand enjoy the freedom to make many styles, with production methods and traditions defined locally. In a dry style, Champagne and sparkling wine goes with just about any type of food. Sweet styles are not uncommon and among both dry and sweet, you'll find white, rosé—or even red!—examples.

How is Champagne and sparkling wine made?

Champagne, Crémant, Cava and many other sparkling wines of the world are made using the traditional method, in which the second fermentation (the one that makes the bubbles) takes place inside the bottle. With this method, spent yeast cells remain in contact with the wine during bottle aging, giving it a creamy mouthful, toasted bread or brioche qualities and in many cases, the capacity to age. For Prosecco, the carbonation process usually occurs in a stainless steel tank (before bottling) to preserve the fresh fruity and floral aromas imminent in this style.

What gives Champagne and sparkling wine its bubbles?

The bubbles in sparkling wine are formed when the base wine undergoes a secondary fermentation, which traps carbon dioxide inside the bottle or fermentation vessel.

How do you serve Champagne and sparkling wine?

Ideally for storing Champagne and sparkling wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool Champagne and sparkling wine down to about 40F to 50F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking Champagne and sparkling wine, the best glasses have a stem and flute or tulip shape to allow the bead (bubbles) to show.

How long does Champagne and sparkling wine last?

Most sparkling wines like Prosecco, Cava or others around the “$20 and under” price point are intended for early consumption. Wines made using the traditional method with extended cellar time before release can typically improve with age. If you are unsure, definitely consult a wine professional for guidance.

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  • Gusbourne Brut Reserve 2014  Front Label
    Gusbourne Brut Reserve 2014
    Vintage Sparkling Wine from England
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    • Gusbourne Blanc de Blancs 2014  Front Label
      Gusbourne Blanc de Blancs 2014
      Vintage Sparkling Wine from England
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    • Iron Horse Wedding Cuvee 2014 Front Label
      Iron Horse Wedding Cuvee 2014
      Vintage Sparkling Wine from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
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    • Iron Horse Russian Cuvee 2014 Front Label
      Iron Horse Russian Cuvee 2014
      Vintage Sparkling Wine from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
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    • Contratto For England Brut Rose 2014  Front Label
      Contratto For England Brut Rose 2014
      Rosé Sparkling Wine from Piedmont, Italy
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    • Rotari Brut 2014  Front Label
      Rotari Brut 2014
      Vintage Sparkling Wine from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
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      • Gramona Imperial Gran Reserva Cava 2014  Front Label
        Gramona Imperial Gran Reserva Cava 2014
        Vintage Sparkling Wine from Penedes, Spain
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      • Ridgeview Wine Estate Bloomsbury Brut 2014 Front Label
        Ridgeview Wine Estate Bloomsbury Brut 2014
        Vintage Sparkling Wine from England
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      • Hattingley Valley Rose 2014 Front Label
        Hattingley Valley Rose 2014
        Rosé Sparkling Wine from England
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      • Domaine Huet Petillant Vouvray 2014 Front Label
        Domaine Huet Petillant Vouvray 2014
        Vintage Sparkling Wine from Vouvray, Touraine, Loire, France
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