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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Meeker Handprint Merlot 2014  Front Bottle Shot
    Meeker Handprint Merlot 2014
    Merlot from Sonoma County, California
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $43.99
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      43 99
      43 99
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    • Mayacamas Merlot 2014 Front Label
      Mayacamas Merlot 2014
      Merlot from Mt. Veeder, Napa Valley, California
      • V92
      4.1 7 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $69.99
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      69 99
      69 99
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    • Hogue Genesis Merlot 2014 Front Label
      Hogue Genesis Merlot 2014
      Merlot from Columbia Valley, Washington
        3.2 6 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $18.99
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        18 99
        18 99
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      • Tellus Merlot 2014  Front Label
        Tellus Merlot 2014
        Merlot from Umbria, Italy
        • JS91
        4.2 6 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $16.99
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        16 99
        16 99
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      • Keenan Napa Valley Merlot 2014 Front Label
        Keenan Napa Valley Merlot 2014
        Merlot from Napa Valley, California
        • W&S90
        3.4 5 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $49.99
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        49 99
        49 99
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      • Schug Merlot 2014  Front Label
        Schug Merlot 2014
        Merlot from Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $33.99
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          33 99
          33 99
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        • Coho Michael Black Vineyard Merlot 2014 Front Label
          Coho Michael Black Vineyard Merlot 2014
          Merlot from Napa Valley, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $54.99
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            54 99
            54 99
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          • Alcance Gran Reserva Merlot 2014 Front Label
            Alcance Gran Reserva Merlot 2014
            Merlot from Chile
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $23.99
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              23 99
              23 99
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            • Frescobaldi Castelgiocondo Lamaione 2014 Front Label
              Frescobaldi Castelgiocondo Lamaione 2014
              Merlot from Tuscany, Italy
              • RP90
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $89.99
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              89 99
              89 99
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            • Monticello Estate Merlot 2014 Front Label
              Monticello Estate Merlot 2014
              Merlot from Oak Knoll District, Napa Valley, California
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $32.99
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                32 99
                32 99
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              • Raymond Reserve Selection Merlot 2014 Front Label
                Raymond Reserve Selection Merlot 2014
                Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                • RP90
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $27.99
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                27 99
                27 99
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              • Silverado Mt. George Merlot 2014 Front Label
                Silverado Mt. George Merlot 2014
                Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                • TP94
                3.6 9 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $37.99
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                40
                37 99
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              • Sterling Napa Merlot 2014 Front Label
                Sterling Napa Merlot 2014
                Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                  4.0 8 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $23.99
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                  26
                  23 99
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                • Hourglass Blueline Vineyard Merlot 2014 Front Label
                  Hourglass Blueline Vineyard Merlot 2014
                  Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                  • RP92
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $79.99
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                  79 99
                  79 99
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                • Kenwood Jack London Vineyard Merlot 2014 Front Label
                  Kenwood Jack London Vineyard Merlot 2014
                  Merlot from Sonoma Mountain, Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $27.99
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                    27 99
                    27 99
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                  • Kendall-Jackson Grand Reserve Merlot 2014 Front Label
                    Kendall-Jackson Grand Reserve Merlot 2014
                    Merlot from Sonoma County, California
                    • WW90
                    4.2 17 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $23.99
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                    28
                    23 99
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                  • Freemark Abbey Napa Valley Merlot 2014 Front Label
                    Freemark Abbey Napa Valley Merlot 2014
                    Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                    • JS93
                    4.3 33 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $32.99
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                    32 99
                    32 99
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                  • Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Merlot 2014  Front Label
                    Chateau Ste. Michelle Canoe Ridge Estate Vineyard Merlot 2014
                    Merlot from Columbia Valley, Washington
                    • JS91
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $26.99
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                    26 99
                    26 99
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                  • Red Diamond Merlot 2014 Front Label
                    Red Diamond Merlot 2014
                    Merlot from Washington
                      3.7 25 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                      10
                      7 99
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                    • Pepperwood Grove Merlot 2014 Front Label
                      Pepperwood Grove Merlot 2014
                      Merlot from Chile
                        0.0 0 Ratings
                        Currently Unavailable $9.99
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                        9 99
                        9 99
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                      • Matanzas Creek Sonoma County Merlot 2014 Front Label
                        Matanzas Creek Sonoma County Merlot 2014
                        Merlot from Sonoma County, California
                          0.0 0 Ratings
                          Currently Unavailable $27.99
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                          28 99
                          27 99
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                        • Long Meadow Ranch Merlot 2014 Front Label
                          Long Meadow Ranch Merlot 2014
                          Merlot from Napa Valley, California
                            0.0 0 Ratings
                            Currently Unavailable $39.99
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                            39 99
                            39 99
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                          • Two Vines California Merlot 2014 Front Label
                            Two Vines California Merlot 2014
                            Merlot from California
                              3.8 18 Ratings
                              Currently Unavailable $7.99
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                              7 99
                              7 99
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                            • Liberty School Merlot 2014  Front Label
                              Liberty School Merlot 2014
                              Merlot from Central Coast, California
                                0.0 0 Ratings
                                Currently Unavailable $16.99
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                                16 99
                                16 99
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                              • Pepper Bridge Winery Merlot 2014 Front Label
                                Pepper Bridge Winery Merlot 2014
                                Merlot from Walla Walla Valley, Columbia Valley, Washington
                                • RP91
                                0.0 0 Ratings
                                Currently Unavailable $52.99
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                                52 99
                                52 99
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