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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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104 Items
  • Joseph Phelps Backus Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991  Front Label
    Joseph Phelps Backus Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP90
    • WS90
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $155.97
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    155 97
    155 97
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  • Opus One  1991 Front Label
    Opus One 1991
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP92
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $469.97
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    469 97
    469 97
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  • Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
    Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
    • RP92
    • WS91
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $99.00
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    99
    99
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  • Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
    Beringer Private Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
    • RP96
    • WS94
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $145.00
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    145
    145
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  • Dominus Estate 1991 Front Bottle Shot
    Dominus Estate 1991
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Yountville, Napa Valley, California
    • RP98
    • WS93
    0.0 0 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $389.97
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    389 97
    389 97
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  • Groth Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1991  Front Label
    Groth Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $229.97
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      229 97
      229 97
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    • Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
      Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP96
      • WS93
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $178.97
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      178 97
      178 97
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    • Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
      Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
      • WS90
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $155.00
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      155
      155
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    • Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (scuffed labels) 1991  Front Label
      Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (scuffed labels) 1991
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
      • RP95
      • WS91
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $159.97
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      159 97
      159 97
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    • Harlan Estate 1991 Front Bottle Shot
      Harlan Estate 1991
      Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
      • RP98
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $999.97
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      999 97
      999 97
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    • Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Cask 23 Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
      Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Cask 23 Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
      Cabernet Sauvignon from California
      • RP96
      • WS92
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $199.97
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      199 97
      199 97
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    • R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Bosconia Gran Reserva 1991  Front Label
      R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Bosconia Gran Reserva 1991
      Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
      • RP96
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $199.97
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      199 97
      199 97
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    • Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991  Front Label
      Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $199.97
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        199 97
        199 97
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      • Bodegas Montecillo Gran Reserva Seleccion Especial 1991 Front Label
        Bodegas Montecillo Gran Reserva Seleccion Especial 1991
        Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
        • WE92
        • WS90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $69.99
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        69 99
        69 99
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      • Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
        Caymus Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $102.97
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          102 97
          102 97
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        • Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
          Dunn Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Howell Mountain, Napa Valley, California
          • RP93
          • WS91
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $139.99
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          139 99
          139 99
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        • Heitz Cellar Trailside Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991  Front Label
          Heitz Cellar Trailside Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $229.97
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            229 97
            229 97
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          • Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
            Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • RP94
            • WS90
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $159.00
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            159
            159
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          • Silver Oak Napa Valley Bonny's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
            Silver Oak Napa Valley Bonny's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • WS93
            • RP90
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $149.00
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            149
            149
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          • Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
            Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • RP95
            • WS95
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $239.00
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            239
            239
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          • Chateau Latour  1991 Front Label
            Chateau Latour 1991
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
            • WS91
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $449.97
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            449 97
            449 97
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          • Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991 Front Label
            Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • RP92
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $189.99
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            189 99
            189 99
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          • A. Rafanelli Dry Creek Zinfandel 1991 Front Label
            A. Rafanelli Dry Creek Zinfandel 1991
            Zinfandel from Dry Creek Valley, Sonoma County, California
            • RP91
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $49.99
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            49 99
            49 99
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          • Groth Cabernet Sauvignon 1991
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $89.97
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              89 97
              89 97
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            • Marques de Arienzo Grand Reserva 1991 Front Label
              Marques de Arienzo Grand Reserva 1991
              Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $26.99
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                26 99
                26 99
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