Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of red wine?
Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.
How is red wine made?
To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.
What gives red wine its color?
Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.
How do you serve red wine?
The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.
How long does red wine last?
Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
Joseph Phelps Backus Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
Opus One 1991Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
Silver Oak Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Sonoma County, California
Currently Unavailable $99.00Try the 2016 Vintage 84 999999Save $0.00 (0%)
Spottswoode Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Chateau Montelena Estate Cabernet Sauvignon (scuffed labels) 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Calistoga, Napa Valley, California
Harlan Estate 1991Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Cask 23 Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from California
Currently Unavailable $199.97Try the 2017 Vintage 309 99199 97199 97Save $0.00 (0%)
R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Bosconia Gran Reserva 1991Other Red Blends from Rioja, Spain
Heitz Cellar Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, CaliforniaCurrently Unavailable $199.97Try the 2015 Vintage 259 99199 97199 97Save $0.00 (0%)
Bodegas Montecillo Gran Reserva Seleccion Especial 1991Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
Heitz Cellar Trailside Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, CaliforniaCurrently Unavailable $229.97Try the 2014 Vintage 139 99229 97229 97Save $0.00 (0%)
Dalla Valle Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Silver Oak Napa Valley Bonny's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Araujo Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
Chateau Latour 1991Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
Joseph Phelps Eisele Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 1991Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
A. Rafanelli Dry Creek Zinfandel 1991Zinfandel from Dry Creek Valley, Sonoma County, California
Marques de Arienzo Grand Reserva 1991Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain