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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Figeac (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Figeac (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Cos d'Estournel (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016 Front Label
    Chateau Cos d'Estournel (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Cos d'Estournel  2016 Front Label
    Chateau Cos d'Estournel 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Estephe, Bordeaux, France
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  • Domaine de Chevalier (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Domaine de Chevalier (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Pavie (6-Pack OWC Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Pavie (6-Pack OWC Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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  • Louis Latour Romanee-St-Vivant Les Quatre Journaux Grand Cru 2016 Front Label
    Louis Latour Romanee-St-Vivant Les Quatre Journaux Grand Cru 2016
    Pinot Noir from Vosne-Romanee, Cote de Nuits, Cote d'Or, Burgundy, France
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    • D95
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  • Chateau Figeac  2015 Front Label
    Chateau Figeac 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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    • D95
    4.1 5 Ratings
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  • Chateau Pontet-Canet (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016 Front Label
    Chateau Pontet-Canet (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Cheval Blanc (1.5 Liter Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Cheval Blanc (1.5 Liter Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Pavie  2015 Front Label
    Chateau Pavie 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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  • Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015  Front Label
    Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015
    Syrah/Shiraz from Hermitage, Rhone, France
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  • Chateau Lafite Rothschild (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Lafite Rothschild (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Margaux 6-Pack OWC (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau Margaux 6-Pack OWC (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
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  • Domaine de Chevalier (6-Pack OWC Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Domaine de Chevalier (6-Pack OWC Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau Haut-Brion  2009 Front Label
    Chateau Haut-Brion 2009
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pessac-Leognan, Bordeaux, France
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  • Bond St. Eden (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015  Front Label
    Bond St. Eden (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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  • Chateau Latour  2000 Front Label
    Chateau Latour 2000
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pauillac, Bordeaux, France
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  • Continuum (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015  Front Label
    Continuum (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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  • Bond St. Eden 2015  Front Label
    Bond St. Eden 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Oakville, Napa Valley, California
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  • Colgin IX Estate Red 2016  Front Label
    Colgin IX Estate Red 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Napa Valley, California
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  • Chateau Margaux  2010 Front Label
    Chateau Margaux 2010
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Margaux, Bordeaux, France
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    4.5 15 Ratings
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  • Chateau Cheval Blanc  2015  Front Label
    Chateau Cheval Blanc 2015
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
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    4.2 14 Ratings
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  • Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016 Front Label
    Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou (1.5 Liter Magnum) 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St-Julien, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chateau La Conseillante (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018  Front Label
    Chateau La Conseillante (Futures Pre-Sale) 2018
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Pomerol, Bordeaux, France
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  • Chappellet Pritchard Hill Estate Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    Chappellet Pritchard Hill Estate Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
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    • TP98
    • JS95
    0.0 0 Ratings
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