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Green / Sustainable Wine

Natural Wine, Organic & Sustainable Defined ...

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Wines marked with the green leaf icon are produced using organic, biodynamic or sustainable practices as certified by various domestic and international organizations. Any spirits marked with the green leaf have been made using sustainable methods designed to decrease their production impact on the environment.

Does the green leaf mean it is a natural wine?

Though it is a widely used term, “natural wine” is difficult to indisputably define. Other terms are almost as popular: “low intervention,” “live,” “raw,” and “green wine,” to name a few. Isabelle Legeron, Master of Wine, in her book, Natural Wine explains the term best.

“Whether or not it is certified (or indeed certifiable), natural wine does exist. It is wine from vineyards that are farmed organically, at the very least, and which is produced without adding or removing anything during vinification, apart from a dash of sulfites at bottling.”

While this definition may sound ideal to most, the USA defines “organic wine” differently. Read on for clarification.

What is the difference between organic wine and wine made from organic grapes?

Organic wine in the USA is regulated by the National Organic Program (NOP) of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service, in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990. By definition, organic winegrowing integrates cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster the cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering are not allowed. Products from outside of the cycle are used minimally. The USDA NOP allows for two categories of finished wine:

  1. Organic wine, as defined and labeled in the USA, is wine made from organic grapes with no added sulfites. Each country has its own laws on how to define organic wine. But any wine labeled “organic” sold in the USA, whether it is domestically made or imported, is not allowed to have any added sulfites. However, less than 20 mg/L can occur naturally.
  2. Wine made from organic grapes, which allows minimal addition of sulfites (less than 100 mg/L) cannot be labeled as “organic wine” in the USA, but can mention the use of organic grapes.

What is biodynamic wine?

Biodynamic wine is created from a system of winegrowing similar to that for organic wine, but includes various concepts from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Steiner’s farming methods treat soil fertility, plant growth and products, and livestock care and products as ecologically interrelated. Biodynamic agriculture uses compost and manure for fertilization, natural herb and mineral supplements for field sprays and prohibits the use of anything artificial. It treats the entire vineyard as an interrelated part of a self-sufficient farm. Biodynamic farming considers the influence of weather, seasons and movements of the moon and planets on the rhythms of the farm. The term “biodynamic” refers to both the agricultural methods used to grow the vines, as well as winery processing.

What does sustainable wine mean?

Sustainable wine production can be defined by three main goals: environmental stewardship, economic profitability and social and economic equity. This means that sustainable farmers do their best to give back to the environment and to the community, while also furthering their business. Sustainable wine growers may largely use organic or biodynamic practices, and occasionally or minimally use synthetic materials (only the least harmful), but have the flexibility to choose the methods that work best for their goals. The sustainable label tells the consumer which wines are made with ecological, economical and social principles in mind. Its limitation is that it is locally defined and therefore varies regionally.

What are sustainable spirits?

While regulations on the spirits side of sustainable are still in their infancy, that hasn’t stopped individual producers from taking heed of conscientious production techniques to reduce their carbon footprint. Distillers striving to make their operations more sustainable are implementing a wide array of eco-friendly procedures ranging from renewable power solutions, water and heat reclamation systems, utilizing locally sourced agricultural produce and composting or reusing any refuse as fertilizer or feed for livestock. In addition to optimizing the efficiency of the manufacturing process, eliminating harmful single use plastics and repurposing or recycling waste products such as barrels and bottles are also proving to be effective strategies for improving sustainability. All spirits labeled “organic” must meet the regulations provided by both Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) and the USDA.

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  • d'Arenberg The Dry Dam Riesling 1996 Front Label
    d'Arenberg The Dry Dam Riesling 1996
    Riesling from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
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      Currently Unavailable $7.99
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      7 99
      7 99
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    • Henschke Hill of Grace Shiraz 1996 Front Label
      Henschke Hill of Grace Shiraz 1996
      Syrah/Shiraz from Eden Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
      • W&S98
      0.0 0 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $252.49
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      252 49
      252 49
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    • Bonterra Organically Grown Cabernet Sauvignon 1996 Front Label
      Bonterra Organically Grown Cabernet Sauvignon 1996
      Cabernet Sauvignon from North Coast, California
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        Currently Unavailable $16.99
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        17 99
        16 99
        Save $1.00 (6%)
      • Zind-Humbrecht Muscat Goldert (torn label) 1996 Front Label
        Zind-Humbrecht Muscat Goldert (torn label) 1996
        Muscat from Alsace, France
        • RP90
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $44.99
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        44 99
        44 99
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      • Yalumba Black D Sparkling Red 1996
        Red Sparkling Wine from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
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          Currently Unavailable $34.99
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          34 99
          34 99
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        • Zind-Humbrecht Pinot d'Alsace 1996 Front Label
          Zind-Humbrecht Pinot d'Alsace 1996
          Other White Blends from Alsace, France
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            Currently Unavailable $21.99
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            21 99
            21 99
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          • Vietti Barbera d'Asti La Crena 1996 Front Label
            Vietti Barbera d'Asti La Crena 1996
            Barbera from Asti, Piedmont, Italy
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              Currently Unavailable $23.49
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              25 49
              23 49
              Save $2.00 (8%)
            • d'Arenberg Other Side Chardonnay 1996 Front Label
              d'Arenberg Other Side Chardonnay 1996
              Chardonnay from McLaren Vale, South Australia, Australia
              • WS87
              0.0 0 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $26.99
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              26 99
              26 99
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            • Bonterra Organically Grown Sangiovese 1996
              Sangiovese from North Coast, California
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                Currently Unavailable $23.99
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                25 99
                23 99
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              • Chateau Guiraud Sauternes 1996 Front Label
                Chateau Guiraud Sauternes 1996
                Other Dessert from Sauternes, Bordeaux, France
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $64.97
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                  64 97
                  64 97
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                • Zind-Humbrecht Heimbourg Pinot Gris 1996 Front Label
                  Zind-Humbrecht Heimbourg Pinot Gris 1996
                  Pinot Gris/Grigio from Alsace, France
                  • WS93
                  • RP92
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $64.99
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                  64 99
                  64 99
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                • Long Meadow Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 1996 Front Label
                  Long Meadow Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 1996
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
                  • WE92
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $57.99
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                  57 99
                  57 99
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                • Vietti Barolo Brunate 1996 Front Label
                  Vietti Barolo Brunate 1996
                  Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                  • WS90
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $64.99
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                  64 99
                  64 99
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                • Vietti Barolo Riserva Villero 1996  Front Label
                  Vietti Barolo Riserva Villero 1996
                  Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                  • WS97
                  • WE93
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $419.97
                  Try the 2010 Vintage 429 99
                  419 97
                  419 97
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                • Vietti Barolo Lazzarito 1996
                  Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                  • WS90
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $63.49
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                  63 49
                  63 49
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                • Vietti Masseria Barbaresco 1996 Front Label
                  Vietti Masseria Barbaresco 1996
                  Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $55.49
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                    61 99
                    55 49
                    Save $6.50 (10%)
                  • Vietti Barolo Rocche 1996
                    Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
                    • WS91
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $83.49
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                    83 49
                    83 49
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                  • Zind-Humbrecht Clos Jebsal Pinot Gris 1996 Front Label
                    Zind-Humbrecht Clos Jebsal Pinot Gris 1996
                    Pinot Gris/Grigio from Alsace, France
                    • RP91
                    • WS90
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $129.00
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                    129
                    129
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                  • Henschke Lenswood Abbotts Prayer Merlot 1996 Front Label
                    Henschke Lenswood Abbotts Prayer Merlot 1996
                    Merlot from Barossa Valley, Barossa, South Australia, Australia
                    • WS90
                    0.0 0 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $49.99
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                    49 99
                    49 99
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