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Leducq Vineyards Sylviane Merlot 1999
The color, flavors and tannins were extracted using traditional Bordeaux winemaking techniques. After 21 months of aging in small French oak barrels, the wine was fined with egg whites and bottled.
The cornerstone of Leducq is the associated 41.5-acre estate vineyard located just north of the town of St. Helena in the Napa Valley. It is a beautifully situated, well-drained, gently sloped parcel planted to Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc. The front 35 acres of the Ehlers Lane property were purchased in the late 1980s. In 2001 Leducq Vineyards reunited the front acreage with the historic Ehler's Lane winery (Est. 1886) and the northern vineyards.
The vineyard was developed with the help of world famous French enologist, Jacques Boissenot who directed all aspects of vineyard development including vine spacing, trellising systems, clonal and rootstock selections and farming regimes. With the implementation of his winemaking and vineyard programs, Mr. Boissenot established Leducq’s style. In 1999, Leducq Vineyards engaged longtime Napa Valley Winemaker Nils Venge as consulting winemaker. The winemaking team believes in the importance of terroir in the creation of an exceptional wine. The site, soil, climate, variety, clones, yield and berry size all contribute to intensely flavored grapes with ripe tannins. Strict adherence to French winemaking techniques, such as barrel to barrel racking every 3 months and egg white fining to polish the wine, is integral to the creation of Leducq Vineyards' style.
One of the world's most highly regarded regions for wine production and tourism, the Napa Valley is the AVA that brought worldwide recognition to California winemaking. The area was settled by a few choice wine families in the 1960's who bet that the wines of the area would grow and flourish. They were right. The Napa wine industry really took off in the 1980's, when vineyard lands were scooped up and vines were planted throughout the county. A number of wineries emerged, from large conglomerates to small boutiques to cult classics. Cabernet Sauvignon is definitely the grape of choice here, with many winemakers also focusing on Bordeaux blends. Whites are usually Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.
Within the Napa Valley lie many smaller sub-AVAs that lend even more character specifics to the wines. Furthest south is Carneros, followed by Yountville, Oakville & Rutherford. Above those two are St.-Helena and the valley's newest AVA, Calistoga. These areas are situated on the valley floor and are known for creating rich, smooth Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay. There are a few mountain regions as well, nestled on the slopes overlooking the valley AVAs. Those include Howell Mountain, Stags Leap District, and Mt. Veeder. Wines from the mountain regions are often more structured and firm, benefiting from more time in the bottle to evolve and soften.
An easy-going red variety with generous fruit and a supple texture, Merlot’s subtle tannins make it perfect for early drinking and allow it to pair with a wide range of foods. One simply needs to look to Bordeaux to understand Merlot's status as a noble variety. On the region’s Right Bank, it dominates in blends with Cabernet Franc, and on the Left Bank, it plays a supporting role to (and helps soften) Cabernet Sauvignon—in both cases resulting in some of the longest-lived and highest-quality wines in the world. They are often emulated elsewhere in Bordeaux-style blends, particularly in California’s Napa Valley, where Merlot also frequently shines on its own.
In the Glass
Merlot is known for its soft, silky texture and approachable flavors of ripe plum, red and black cherry, and raspberry. In a cool climate, you may find earthier notes alongside dried herbs, tobacco, and tar, while Merlot from warmer regions is generally more straightforward and fruit-focused.
Lamb with Merlot is an ideal match—the sweetness of the meat picks up on the sweet fruit flavors of the wine to create a harmonious balance. Merlot’s gentle tannins allow for a hint of spice and its medium weight and bright acidity permit the possibilities of simple pizza or pasta with red sauce—overall, an extremely versatile food wine.
Since the release of the 2004 film Sideways, Merlot's repuation has taken a big hit, and more than a decade later has yet to fully recover, though it is on its way. What many viewers didn't realize was that as much as Miles derided the variety, the prized wine of his collection—a 1961 Château Cheval Blanc—is made from a blend of Merlot and Cabernet Franc.