Learn about German wine, common tasting notes, where the region is and more ...
As the world’s northernmost fine wine producing region, Germany faces some of the most extreme climatic and topographic challenges in viticulture. But fortunately this country’s star variety, Riesling, is cold-hardy enough to survive freezing winters, and has enough natural acidity to create balance, even in wines with the highest levels of residual sugar. Riesling responds splendidly to Germany’s variable terroir, allowing the country to build its reputation upon fine wines at all points of the sweet to dry spectrum, many of which can age for decades.
Classified by ripeness at harvest, Riesling can be picked early for dry wines or as late as January following the harvest for lusciously sweet wines. There are six levels in Germany’s ripeness classification, ordered from driest to sweetest: Kabinett, Spätlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese and Eiswein (ice wine). While these classifications don’t exactly match the sweetness levels of the finished wines, the Kabinett category will include the drier versions and anything above Auslese will have noticeable—if not noteworthy—sweetness. Eiswein is always remarkably sweet.
Other important white varieties include Müller-Thurgau as well as Grauburguner (Pinot Gris) and Weissburguner (Pinot Blanc). The red, Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir), grown in warmer pockets of the country can be both elegant and structured.
As the fourth largest wine producer in Europe (after France, Italy and Spain), in contrast to its more Mediterranean neighbors, Germany produces about as much as it consumes—and is also the largest importer of wine in the E.U.
A. Christmann Spatburgunder 2016Pinot Noir from Pfalz, Germany
Weingut Enderle & Moll Liaison Pinot Noir 2018Pinot Noir from Baden, Germany
Wittmann Spatburgunder 2017Pinot Noir from Rheinhessen, Germany
Dr. Pauly-Bergweiler Dornfelder Noble House Sweet Red 2019Other Red Wine from Rheinhessen, Germany
Heinz Eifel Shine Dornfelder Sweet Red 2019Other Red Wine from Germany
Villa Wolf Pinot Noir 2018Pinot Noir from Pfalz, Germany
Wittmann Spatburgunder 2018Pinot Noir from Rheinhessen, Germany
Maximin Grunhauser Pinot Noir 2017Pinot Noir from Mosel, Germany