Alta Luna Phases Red Blend 2012
Grape Varieties: 40% Teroldego, 30% Lagrein, 30% Merlot
The Alta Luna vineyards are situated along the foothills of the Adige Valley, bordering Trentino and Alto Adige, in the town of Roverè delle Luna. These high-altitude vineyards benefit from an ideal aspect and unique, well-draining glacial-alluvial soils. The climate in this region makes all the difference. Northern Trentino enjoys warm temperatures in the summer, contributing to the development of ripe concentrated fruit and elegant aromatics, while the cool evenings maintain the fruit’s acidity: the result are wines that are refreshing and well-balanced.
Producing well-crafted, expressive wines that over-deliver on price is not a new concept for winemaker, Anselmo Martini. Anselmo has been producing quality wines in Northern Italy for decades. His depth of experience shines through in Alta Luna, which uses grapes grown in some of the best, high altitude vineyards.
Trentino, the southern half, is primarily Italian-speaking and largely responsible for the production of non-native, international grapes. There is a significant quantity of Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio and Merlot produced. But Trentino's native and most unique red variety, Teroldego, while still rare, is gaining popularity. It produces a deeply colored red wine rich in wild blackberry, herb, coffee and cocoa.
The rugged terrain of German-speaking Alto Adige (also referred to as Südtirol) focuses on small-scale viticulture, with great value placed on local varieties—though international varieties have been widely planted since the 1800s. Sheltered by the Alps from harsh northerly winds, many of the best vineyards are at extreme altitude but on steep slopes to increase sunlight exposure.
The primary white grapes are Pinot grigio, Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay and Pinot blanc, as well as smaller plantings of Sauvignon blanc, Müller Thurgau. These tend to be bright and refreshing with crisp acidity and just the right amount of texture. Some of the highest quality Pinot grigio in Italy is made here.
With hundreds of red grape varieties to choose from, winemakers have the freedom to create a virtually endless assortment of blended wines. In many European regions, strict laws are in place determining the set of varieties that may be used, but in the New World, experimentation is permitted and encouraged. Blending can be utilized to enhance balance or create complexity, lending different layers of flavors and aromas. For example, a variety that creates a fruity and full-bodied wine would do well combined with one that is naturally high in acidity and tannins. Sometimes small amounts of a particular variety are added to boost color or aromatics. Blending can take place before or after fermentation, with the latter, more popular option giving more control to the winemaker over the final qualities of the wine.