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Tarapaca Riserva Merlot 1997

Merlot from Chile
  • WS87
0% ABV
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Winemaker Notes

Beautifully deep garnet in colour, Viña Tarapacá Reserva Merlot opens with vibrant aromas of ripe berries spice and smoke. The characteristic fruitfulness of Merlot is quite evident, with classic flavours of plum and sweet blackberry given depth and richness by the subtie overlay of oak, the prolonged contact with the skins and seeds after fermentation gives the wine a substantive tannic structure and full body, lengthening on the palate into a complex, flavourful finish.

Critical Acclaim

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WS 87
Wine Spectator
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Tarapaca

Tarapaca

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Tarapaca, Chile
Viña Tarapacá ex Zavala was born during the last century, in 1874, known then as "Viña de Rojas", in honour of its founder, Don Francisco de Rojas y Salamanca, a well-know business man of the period. Don Francisco imported selected European wine stock varieties directly from France.

Later, under the ownership of Antonio Zavala, the name "Viña Zavala" emerged. When Antonio Zavala divorced his wife, she received the vineyard but did not change its name. Finally the vineyard adopted his current name "Viña Tarapacá Ex-Zavala" in recognition of the former President of the Republic, Don Arturo Alessandri, know as the "Lion of Tarapacá" who solved a legal problems between Mr. Zavala and his wife.

From the start of 1992, when the Chilean group, Fósforos took control over the wine-producing operations of the company, an ambitious export program was launched.

One of South America’s most important wine-producing countries, Chile is a reliable source of both budget-friendly wines and premium bottlings. Spanish settlers, Juan Jufre and Diego Garcia de Cáceres, most likely brought Vitis vinifera (Europe’s wine producing vine species) to the Central Valley of Chile some time in the 1550s. But Chile’s modern wine industry is largely the result of heavy investment from the 1990s.

Long and narrow, Chile is geographically isolated, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Andes Mountains to the east and the Atacama desert to the north. These natural borders allowed Chile to avoid the disastrous phylloxera infestation in the late 1800s and as a result, vines are often planted on their own rootstock rather than grafted (as is the case in much of the wine producing world).

Chile’s vineyards vary widely in climate and soil type from north to south. The Coquimbo region in the far north contains the Elqui and Limari Valleys, where minimal rainfall and intense sunlight are offset by chilly breezes from the Humboldt Current. While historically focused solely on Pisco production, today this area finds success with Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. The Aconcagua region contains the eponymous Aconcagua Valley—hot and dry and home to full-bodied red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Merlot—as well as Casablanca Valley and San Antonio Valley, which focus on Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. The Central Valley is home to the Maipo, Rapel, Curicó and Maule Valleys, which produce a wide variety of red and white wines. Maipo in particular is known for Carmenère, Chile’s unofficial signature grape. In the up-and-coming southern regions of Bio Bio and Itata make excellent Riesling, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.

An easy-going red variety with generous fruit and a supple texture, Merlot’s subtle tannins make it perfect for early drinking and allow it to pair with a wide range of foods. But the grape also has enough stuffing to make serious, world-renowned wines. One simply needs to look to Bordeaux to understand Merlot's status as a noble variety. On the region’s Right Bank, in St. Emilion and Pomerol, it dominates in blends with Cabernet Franc. On the Left Bank in the Medoc, it plays a supporting role to (and helps soften) Cabernet Sauvignon—in both cases resulting in some of the longest-lived and highest-quality wines in the world. They are often emulated elsewhere in Bordeaux-style blends, particularly in California’s Napa Valley, where Merlot also frequently shines on its own.

In the Glass

Merlot is known for its soft, silky texture and approachable flavors of ripe plum, red and black cherry and raspberry. In a cool climate, you may find earthier notes alongside dried herbs, tobacco and tar, while Merlot from warmer regions is generally more straightforward and fruit-focused.

Perfect Pairings

Lamb with Merlot is an ideal match—the sweetness of the meat picks up on the sweet fruit flavors of the wine to create a harmonious balance. Merlot’s gentle tannins allow for a hint of spice and its medium weight and bright acidity permit the possibilities of simple pizza or pasta with red sauce—overall, an extremely versatile food wine.

Sommelier Secret

Since the release of the 2004 film Sideways, Merlot's repuation has taken a big hit, and more than a decade later has yet to fully recover, though it is on its way. What many viewers didn't realize was that as much as Miles derided the variety, the prized wine of his collection—a 1961 Château Cheval Blanc—is made from a blend of Merlot with Cabernet Franc.

SWC04618_1997 Item# 20334