Caves Roger Goulart Gran Reserva Cava 2011
The wines employed for cava production are chosen with great care and are subject to a minimum ageing period of four years. After 24 months – and once a year – the bottles in ageing are subject to the déplacé technique, which consists of shaking the bottles in order to homogenize the yeast and obtain a greater extraction in terms of their aromatic and taste potential, over their more than 48 months of ageing. The result is a delicate cava with a pale yellow coloring, light golden tones, and an incredible sparkle, as well as interesting, complex and powerful bouquets.
Blend: 60% Xare-lo, 20% Macabeo and 20% Parellada
Critical AcclaimAll Vintages
Located in the tiny municipality of Sant Esteve Sesrovires, within the Alto Penedés D.O. region of Catalonia, Cava producer Roger Goulart was founded in 1882.
Throughout its more than 135-year history, Roger Goulart has earned a distinguished reputation for the production of traditional method sparkling wines and cavas primarily produced from the autochthonous grape variety Xarel-lo, which provides the character and structure necessary for the long aging of Reserva and Gran Reserva cavas.
Housed in a stately Art Nouveau building that represents one of the most unique ‘Masia’ in Alto Penedés, it is within the winery’s stone walls dating back to the XVIII century that lays the secret for elaborating Roger Goulart’s exceptional cavas. Fermentation takes place in a series of underground cellars or ‘caves’ at 30 meters (100 feet) below sea level, similar to the ‘caves’ of the world’s best Champagne houses.
These underground cellars connected by tunnels provide the natural and constant ideal conditions for fermentation and bottle aging.
Roger Goulart was one of the first wineries in Spain to produce traditional method wines with extra long bottle aging under these conditions and today remains committed to these measures of quality.
What is Cava?
Spain adopted the word, cava, which technically means ‘cellar’ in Catalan, to describe their sparkling wines made using the traditional method. While this style was first created outside of Spain in the 1600s, its birthplace inside of Spain came in 1872 when Jose Raventós of Codorníu first produced traditional method sparkling wine in the town of San Sadurní d’Anoia. Uniquely, the Cava denomination isn’t restricted to one geographical area but rather, it spans eight total wine regions. However, about 90% of Spain’s total production of Cava, Spanish sparkling wine happens within Catalonia, and about 75% is produced within the borders of San Sadurní d’Anoia, inside the smaller Catalan region of Penedès. In 2019, Spain registered nearly 38,000 hectares of vineyards for Cava production, compared to just under 34,000 in Champagne.
How is Cava sparkling wine made?
Cava, like many other sparkling wines of the world is made using the traditional method, or "Champagne method," or método tradicional in Spanish, in which the second fermentation (the one that makes the bubbles) takes place inside the bottle. With this method, spent yeast cells remain in contact with the wine during bottle aging, giving it a creamy mouthful, a toasted bread or brioche quality and in many cases, the capacity to age.
What are the Cava wine grapes?
The mainstay Cava grape varieties include Macabeo, Parellada, and Xarel-lo. Macabeo, also known as Viura, lends pleasant aromatics to the blend, while Parellada adds acidity and finesse. Xarel-lo is the grape that gives body, earth and greengage characteristics to Cava. Occasionally Chardonnay is used as a blending grape or sole variety in making Cava wine. Governmental inclusion approval was awarded in 1986 but still, Chardonnay makes up only a fraction of total vineyard area. For rosé, in Spanish called rosado, the local Trepat and Garnacha can be used, along with Pinot Noir (first permitted in 1998 for rosado and in 2007 for white Cavas).
Cava Tasting Profile
Since Cava is a sparkling wine produced on the Mediterranean where temperatures are warmer and there is more sunshine compared with Champagne, you can expect that Cava sparkling wine will generally have a gentler acid profile compared with its French counterpart. Furthermore, especially when the indigenous varieties are used, common Cava flavors will include citrus peel, fennel, wildflower, lemon blossom and flint or saline. Most Cava is produced in the Brut style, so dry, with a slightly rounder finish that balances brightness with brioche notes and supple fruit. Brut Nature or Zero Dosage examples are bone dry, whereas Extra-Dry Cava will be slightly sweet and a Demi-Sec Cava will have the highest sweetness level.
One of the best things about pairing Cava wine is you can drink it on its own or with just about any food! But if you want to focus on bringing out Cava's uniquely brilliant bouquet and citrus notes, rich or seafood-centric dishes are perfect food pairings for Cava. Try Cava with butter poached lobster, seafood risotto, puff pastry and caramelized onions or fried chicken.
Representing the topmost expression of a Champagne house, a vintage Champagne is one made from the produce of a single, superior harvest year. Vintage Champagnes account for a mere 5% of total Champagne production and are produced about three times in a decade. Champagne is typically made as a blend of multiple years in order to preserve the house style; these will have non-vintage, or simply, NV on the label. The term, "vintage," as it applies to all wine, simply means a single harvest year.