Learn about white wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...
What are the types and styles of white wine?
From lean and crisp to oaky and buttery, white wine comes in an array of styles and is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Although only about 25 pale-skinned grapes make the majority of the white wine produced, hundreds of native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of the global wine world. White wine styles range from a simple and refreshing aperitif to a robust accompaniment to a hearty meal and some of the best can age for decades.
How is white wine made?
To preserve freshness, aromatics and primary fruit flavors, white wines are often fermented at cooler temperatures than reds. Unlike red winemaking, the colorless juice is not typically left in contact with the grape skins during the fermentation process. The winemaker has the choice to encourage or prevent malolactic fermentation, which turns the tart acidity of grape juice into the softer, creamier flavors of wine. Another important decision is whether and how to use oak—the barrels’ age, provenance and time holding the wine all help to determine the final style, in terms of both flavor and texture.
What gives white wine its color?
White wines can vary in color from nearly clear lemon-green to medium gold to pale orange or almost light brown, depending on grape variety, winemaking methods and age.
How do you serve white wine?
Ideally for storing white wine in any long-term sense, it should be at cellar temperature, about 55F. For serving, cool white wine down to about 45F to 55F. (Most refrigerators are colder than this.) As for drinking white wines, the best white wine glasses have a stem and a narrow bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling.
How long does white wine last?
Opened, a bottle of white wine will stay fresh in the refrigerator for a couple of days to a week, maybe longer. Unopened, white wines stay good for one year to, in some cases, several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store white wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.
- White Wine1360
- Sauvignon Blanc258
- Pinot Gris/Grigio108
- Other White Blends74
- Other White Wine21
- Bordeaux White Blends17
- Chenin Blanc17
- Gruner Veltliner15
- Rhône White Blends15
- Pinot Blanc9
- Melon de Bourgogne4
- Grenache Blanc3
Vigilance Sauvignon Blanc 2019Sauvignon Blanc from Red Hills, Lake County, North Coast, California
David Arthur Chardonnay 2014Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
Rombauer Chardonnay (375ML half-bottle) 2019Chardonnay from Carneros, California
M. Chapoutier Chateauneuf-du-Pape La Bernardine Blanc 2016Grenache Blanc from Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France
Jean-Francois Merieau L'Arpent des Vaudons 2016Sauvignon Blanc from Loire, France
Knotty Vines Chardonnay 2018Chardonnay from California
Planeta Cometa Fiano 2018Fiano from Sicily, Italy
David Bruce Russian River Chardonnay 2016Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
Napa Cellars Sauvignon Blanc 2018Sauvignon Blanc from Napa Valley, California
Clos du Bois Russian River Valley Reserve Chardonnay 2017Chardonnay from Russian River, Sonoma County, California
San Simeon Stefano Vineyard Viognier 2018Viognier from Paso Robles, Central Coast, California
Domaine Anderson Estate Chardonnay 2016Chardonnay from Anderson Valley, Mendocino, California
Chalk Hill Estate Sauvignon Blanc 2018Sauvignon Blanc from Chalk Hill, Sonoma County, California
Shannon Ridge Buck Shack White Tail Chardonnay 2018Chardonnay from Lake County, North Coast, California
Kendall-Jackson Jackson Estate Camelot Highlands Chardonnay 2018Chardonnay from Santa Maria Valley, Central Coast, California
Murrieta's Well The Whip 2017Other White Blends from Livermore Valley, Central Coast, California
AVA Grace Sauvignon Blanc 2019Sauvignon Blanc from California
Scholium Project The Sylphs Chardonnay 2013Chardonnay from Napa Valley, California
AVA Grace Pinot Grigio 2019Pinot Gris/Grigio from California
Maddalena Pinot Grigio 2019Pinot Gris/Grigio from Monterey, Central Coast, California
Neil Ellis Groenekloof Sauvignon Blanc 2015Sauvignon Blanc from South Africa
Cote des Roses Sauvignon Blanc 2019Sauvignon Blanc from Languedoc, South of France, France
Cote des Roses Chardonnay 2018Chardonnay from Languedoc, South of France, France
Hyland Estates Riesling 2018Riesling from McMinnville, Willamette Valley, Oregon
Santa Julia Organica Chardonnay 2019Chardonnay from Mendoza, Argentina