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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Jalousie Beaulieu Bordeaux Superieur 2016  Front Label
    Chateau Jalousie Beaulieu Bordeaux Superieur 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Bordeaux, France
    • WE91
    3.9 137 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $14.99
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    14 99
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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014  Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE92
    3.8 408 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    32
    13 99
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  • Hidalgo Tradicion H Gran Reserva 2012  Front Label
    Hidalgo Tradicion H Gran Reserva 2012
    Tempranillo from Rioja, Spain
    • WE93
    3.9 78 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $19.99
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    45
    19 99
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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2014 Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2014
    Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE91
    3.9 238 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Hyland Estates Estate Old Vine Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
    Hyland Estates Estate Old Vine Pinot Noir 2018
    Pinot Noir from McMinnville, Willamette Valley, Oregon
      0.0 0 Ratings
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    • Bruno Giacosa Barbera d'Alba 2017  Front Label
      Bruno Giacosa Barbera d'Alba 2017
      Barbera from Alba, Piedmont, Italy
      • JS92
      • WS90
      4.5 11 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $32.99
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      60
      32 99
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    • Vigilance Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
      Vigilance Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
      Cabernet Sauvignon from Red Hills, Lake County, North Coast, California
        4.1 178 Ratings
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      • Inglenook Cabernet Sauvignon 2015  Front Label
        Inglenook Cabernet Sauvignon 2015
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
        • V95
        • WE95
        • JS94
        • D92
        • RP92
        3.9 11 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $69.99
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        125
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      • Ceretto Monsordo Rosso 2016  Front Label
        Ceretto Monsordo Rosso 2016
        Other Red Blends from Piedmont, Italy
          0.0 0 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $27.99
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        • High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
          High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
          Cabernet Sauvignon from High Valley, Lake County, North Coast, California
          • WW89
          4.0 94 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $17.99
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          32
          17 99
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        • Head High Sonoma County Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
          Head High Sonoma County Pinot Noir 2018
          Pinot Noir from Sonoma County, California
          • TP91
          • WW90
          3.6 97 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $19.99
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          35
          19 99
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        • Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Red 2018  Front Label
          Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Red 2018
          Bordeaux Red Blends from Lake County, North Coast, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $19.99
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          • Head High Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2015 Front Label
            Head High Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2015
            Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
            • WW89
            4.1 43 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $19.99
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          • Cuerno Ribera del Duero 2014 Front Label
            Cuerno Ribera del Duero 2014
            Tempranillo from Ribera del Duero, Spain
            • JS92
            3.8 18 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $15.99
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            28
            15 99
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          • Meadowcroft Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
            Meadowcroft Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Napa Valley, California
            • WW91
            • JS90
            3.9 15 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $37.99
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            65
            37 99
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          • Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013  Front Label
            Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013
            Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
              3.7 19 Ratings
              Currently Unavailable $10.99
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              19
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            • Scott Family Estate Arroyo Seco Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
              Scott Family Estate Arroyo Seco Pinot Noir 2017
              Pinot Noir from Arroyo Seco, Monterey, Central Coast, California
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $25.99
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              • Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2015  Front Label
                Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2015
                Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
                  0.0 0 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $12.99
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                  22
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                • Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016  Front Label
                  Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Bordeaux, France
                  • JS91
                  3.6 24 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                • Vigilance Cimarron 2017  Front Label
                  Vigilance Cimarron 2017
                  Other Red Blends from Lake County, North Coast, California
                  • WW89
                  4.3 19 Ratings
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                • Chateau Charmail  2016 Front Label
                  Chateau Charmail 2016
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Haut Medoc, Bordeaux, France
                  • JS92
                  • JD92
                  • RP91
                  • WE90
                  4.0 33 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $22.99
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                  38
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                • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
                  Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Lake County, North Coast, California
                  • WW89
                  3.8 130 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                  23
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                • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Petite Sirah 2018  Front Label
                  Shannon Ridge High Elevation Petite Sirah 2018
                  Petite Sirah from Lake County, North Coast, California
                  • WW91
                  4.0 86 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                  23
                  13 99
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                • Clos du Bois California Cabernet Sauvignon 2017 Front Label
                  Clos du Bois California Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from California
                    3.6 46 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $10.99
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                    18
                    10 99
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                  • Predator Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
                    Predator Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Lodi, California
                      4.1 18 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                      24
                      14 99
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