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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Chateau Peymouton  2016  Front Label
    Chateau Peymouton 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from St. Emilion, Bordeaux, France
    • WE91
    0.0 0 Ratings
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  • WillaKenzie Estate Pierre Leon Pinot Noir 2014  Front Label
    WillaKenzie Estate Pierre Leon Pinot Noir 2014
    Pinot Noir from Yamhill-Carlton District, Willamette Valley, Oregon
    • JS92
    • WE91
    • WS91
    • WW91
    4.1 55 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $25.99
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    60
    25 99
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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014  Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE92
    3.9 58 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $14.99
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    32
    14 99
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  • Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2014 Front Label
    Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2014
    Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
    • WE91
    4.1 54 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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  • Chateau Saint-Antoine Reserve du Chateau Bordeaux Superieur 2016 Front Label
    Chateau Saint-Antoine Reserve du Chateau Bordeaux Superieur 2016
    Bordeaux Red Blends from Bordeaux, France
    • WE91
    • JS90
    3.0 12 Ratings
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    34
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  • High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2016  Front Label
    High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2016
    Cabernet Sauvignon from High Valley, Lake County, North Coast, California
    • WW92
    3.8 6 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $17.99
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    32
    17 99
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  • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
    Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
    Cabernet Sauvignon from Lake County, North Coast, California
      3.7 41 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $12.99
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      23
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    • Fattoria del Cerro Vino Nobile di Montepulciano 2015  Front Label
      Fattoria del Cerro Vino Nobile di Montepulciano 2015
      Sangiovese from Montepulciano, Tuscany, Italy
      • JS92
      3.6 5 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      35
      19 99
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    • Head High Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2015 Front Label
      Head High Sonoma Coast Pinot Noir 2015
      Pinot Noir from Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County, California
      • WW89
      4.3 19 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $19.99
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      35
      19 99
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    • Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013  Front Label
      Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013
      Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
        0.0 0 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $10.99
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        19
        10 99
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      • Lake Sonoma Winery Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017  Front Label
        Lake Sonoma Winery Alexander Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
        Cabernet Sauvignon from Alexander Valley, Sonoma County, California
          0.0 0 Ratings
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        • Tres Sabores Perspective Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 Front Label
          Tres Sabores Perspective Cabernet Sauvignon 2014
          Cabernet Sauvignon from Rutherford, Napa Valley, California
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $74.99
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            124
            74 99
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          • Chateau Hyot  2014 Front Label
            Chateau Hyot 2014
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Cotes de Castillon, Bordeaux, France
            • WE91
            • WS90
            • JS90
            3.6 367 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $14.99
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            14 99
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          • Chateau Hyot  2015 Front Label
            Chateau Hyot 2015
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Cotes de Castillon, Bordeaux, France
            • JS90
            3.5 43 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $14.99
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          • Chateau German  2014 Front Label
            Chateau German 2014
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Cotes de Castillon, Bordeaux, France
            • WE90
            • JS90
            3.5 109 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $14.99
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          • Vinos de Arganza Lagar de Robla Premium Mencia 2012 Front Label
            Vinos de Arganza Lagar de Robla Premium Mencia 2012
            Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
            • WS91
            3.7 110 Ratings
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            18
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          • Tua Rita Redigaffi 2009 Front Label
            Tua Rita Redigaffi 2009
            Merlot from Tuscany, Italy
            • RP95
            • WS93
            0.0 0 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $199.97
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            330
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          • Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Cabernet Sauvignon 2017 Front Label
            Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Cabernet Sauvignon 2017
            Cabernet Sauvignon from Lake County, North Coast, California
            • WW90
            3.9 6 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $21.99
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            35
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          • Ceretto Barolo 2015  Front Label
            Ceretto Barolo 2015
            Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
            • RP94
            • WE92
            0.0 0 Ratings
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            100
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          • Galardi Roccamonfina Terra di Lavoro 2012 Front Label
            Galardi Roccamonfina Terra di Lavoro 2012
            Other Red Blends from Italy
            • RP94
            • JS94
            • WS92
            0.0 0 Ratings
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          • Kendall-Jackson Jackson Estate Outland Ridge Pinot Noir 2017  Front Label
            Kendall-Jackson Jackson Estate Outland Ridge Pinot Noir 2017
            Pinot Noir from Anderson Valley, Mendocino, California
            • WE93
            0.0 0 Ratings
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          • Ventana Arroyo Seco Estate Pinot Noir 2013 Front Label
            Ventana Arroyo Seco Estate Pinot Noir 2013
            Pinot Noir from Arroyo Seco, Monterey, Central Coast, California
              3.3 22 Ratings
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              32
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            • Lake Sonoma Winery Dry Creek Valley Zinfandel 2014 Front Label
              Lake Sonoma Winery Dry Creek Valley Zinfandel 2014
              Zinfandel from Dry Creek Valley, Sonoma County, California
                4.1 14 Ratings
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              • Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Bourbon Barrel Zinfandel 2018  Front Label
                Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Bourbon Barrel Zinfandel 2018
                Zinfandel from Lake County, North Coast, California
                • WW89
                0.0 0 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $22.99
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                35
                22 99
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              • Shannon Reserve Barbera 2014 Front Label
                Shannon Reserve Barbera 2014
                Barbera from High Valley, Lake County, North Coast, California
                • WE90
                4.2 6 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $24.99
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                38
                24 99
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