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Red Wine

Learn about red wine — the range of styles, how it’s made and more ...

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What are the types and styles of red wine?

Ranging in style from light and full of finesse to bold and structured, red wine is produced in almost every wine region of the world. Though there are about 35 varieties that contribute to the majority of red wine production, countless native varieties are important not only to local culture, but to the diversity of globally traded wine. Warmer, sunnier climates produce robust and concentrated wines while cooler regions, where long, even grape ripening and thus natural acidities create some of the world’s most elegant red wines.

How is red wine made?

To make red wine, the pressed grape juice is left in contact with its skins—a process called maceration—in order to draw out color, tannins and phenols (compounds responsible for the complex aromas and flavors in wine). Occurring before, during or after fermentation, whereby yeasts turn grape sugar into alcohol, longer macerations in general produce bolder red wines (with a point of diminishing returns). Red wines benefit from a resting period of a few months to a few years in wooden barrels (or other containers) before release to the market.

What gives red wine its color?

Red grape skins give color to the finished wine through the maceration process. In general, shorter time on skins results in lighter red tones; longer time gives deeper red tones. On top of that, each grape type has a unique hue. For example Nebbiolo is typically pale garnet, Merlot is often bright ruby and Syrah can be opaque purple.

How do you serve red wine?

The idea that red wine should be served at room temperature came about in ancient France when the indoor temperatures were likely to be about 60F. Chambre, for “room” in French, described a wine that had been brought to this “room temperature” from the cellar. Today if you don’t have the luxury of keeping your red wine in a proper cellar or wine refrigerator, a trick of the trade is to put the bottle you plan to serve in the refrigerator for 30 to 40 minutes to cool it down to about 55F to 60F for lighter bodied wines and to 60F to 65F for fuller bodied wines. As for drinking red wines, the best red wine glasses have a stem and a bowl large enough to allow swirling without spilling. Aromatic reds fare best in glasses with a wider bowl to allow full release of the bouquet.

How long does red wine last?

Opened, a bottle of red wine will stay fresh in a cool, dark environment for one to two days, maybe longer. Unopened, red wines stay good for one year to several decades. Assessing how long to hold on to a bottle is a complicated science. If you are planning to strategically store red wine, seek the advice of a wine professional.

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  • Vinos de Arganza Lagar de Robla Premium Mencia 2016  Front Label
    Vinos de Arganza Lagar de Robla Premium Mencia 2016
    Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
    • WE92
    4.0 42 Ratings
    Currently Unavailable $10.99
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  • Urgency Pinot Noir 2019  Front Label
    Urgency Pinot Noir 2019
    Pinot Noir from Lake County, North Coast, California
      3.9 24 Ratings
      Currently Unavailable $13.99
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    • Urgency Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
      Urgency Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
      Cabernet Sauvignon from California
        0.0 0 Ratings
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        30
        13 99
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      • Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014  Front Label
        Sur de los Andes Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Premium Blend 2014
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Mendoza, Argentina
        • WE92
        3.8 742 Ratings
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      • Chateau Lestage  2016  Front Label
        Chateau Lestage 2016
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Listrac, Bordeaux, France
        • JS92
        • WE92
        3.7 198 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $22.99
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        45
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      • Chateau Terrasson Cuvee Prevenche 2016  Front Label
        Chateau Terrasson Cuvee Prevenche 2016
        Bordeaux Red Blends from Cotes de Castillon, Bordeaux, France
        • WE92
        3.6 98 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $17.99
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        35
        17 99
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      • Ceretto Barbaresco 2016  Front Label
        Ceretto Barbaresco 2016
        Nebbiolo from Barbaresco, Piedmont, Italy
        • WS94
        • JS93
        • RP92
        4.5 7 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $49.99
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        90
        49 99
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      • Fuligni Brunello di Montalcino 2014  Front Label
        Fuligni Brunello di Montalcino 2014
        Sangiovese from Montalcino, Tuscany, Italy
        • D93
        • JS93
        • RP92
        • W&S91
        • WE90
        4.3 11 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $49.99
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        89
        49 99
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      • Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2016  Front Label
        Sur de los Andes Malbec Reserva 2016
        Malbec from Mendoza, Argentina
        • JS91
        4.0 55 Ratings
        Currently Unavailable $13.99
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        25
        13 99
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      • High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
        High Valley Vineyards Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
        Cabernet Sauvignon from High Valley, Lake County, North Coast, California
          4.1 36 Ratings
          Currently Unavailable $17.99
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          32
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        • Urgency Red Blend 2018  Front Label
          Urgency Red Blend 2018
          Other Red Blends from Lake County, North Coast, California
            3.2 6 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $16.99
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          • Ceretto Barolo 2015  Front Label
            Ceretto Barolo 2015
            Nebbiolo from Barolo, Piedmont, Italy
            • RP94
            • WE92
            • WS92
            4.4 27 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $56.99
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            100
            56 99
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          • Head High Sonoma County Pinot Noir 2018  Front Label
            Head High Sonoma County Pinot Noir 2018
            Pinot Noir from Sonoma County, California
            • D92
            • TP91
            • WW90
            3.5 294 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $19.99
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            35
            19 99
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          • Sebastiani Gravel Bed Red Blend 2016 Front Label
            Sebastiani Gravel Bed Red Blend 2016
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
            • W&S91
            4.1 51 Ratings
            Currently Unavailable $22.99
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            40
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          • Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Red 2018  Front Label
            Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Red 2018
            Bordeaux Red Blends from Lake County, North Coast, California
              4.1 46 Ratings
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            • Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013  Front Label
              Vinos de Arganza Flavium Seleccion Mencia 2013
              Mencia from Bierzo, Spain
                3.6 26 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $10.99
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                19
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              • Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2015  Front Label
                Ziobaffa Organic Toscana 2015
                Sangiovese from Tuscany, Italy
                • JS90
                4.0 268 Ratings
                Currently Unavailable $12.99
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                22
                12 99
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              • Purple Heart Red Wine 2016  Front Label
                Purple Heart Red Wine 2016
                Bordeaux Red Blends from Sonoma County, California
                  3.5 14 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $11.99
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                • Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016  Front Label
                  Chateau de Ribebon Bordeaux Superieur 2016
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Bordeaux, France
                  • JS91
                  3.8 281 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                  25
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                • Chateau Hyot  2015 Front Label
                  Chateau Hyot 2015
                  Bordeaux Red Blends from Cotes de Castillon, Bordeaux, France
                  • JS90
                  3.7 151 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                  25
                  14 99
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                • Vigilance Cimarron 2017  Front Label
                  Vigilance Cimarron 2017
                  Other Red Blends from Lake County, North Coast, California
                  • WW89
                  3.7 72 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $14.99
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                • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2018  Front Label
                  Shannon Ridge High Elevation Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
                  Cabernet Sauvignon from Lake County, North Coast, California
                  • WW89
                  3.8 285 Ratings
                  Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                  23
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                • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Zinfandel 2019  Front Label
                  Shannon Ridge High Elevation Zinfandel 2019
                  Zinfandel from Lake County, North Coast, California
                    3.9 15 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                  • Shannon Ridge High Elevation Petite Sirah 2018  Front Label
                    Shannon Ridge High Elevation Petite Sirah 2018
                    Petite Sirah from Lake County, North Coast, California
                    • WW91
                    • WE90
                    3.9 293 Ratings
                    Currently Unavailable $13.99
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                    23
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                  • Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Bourbon Barrel Cabernet Sauvignon 2018 Front Label
                    Shannon Ridge Buck Shack Bourbon Barrel Cabernet Sauvignon 2018
                    Cabernet Sauvignon from Lake County, North Coast, California
                      4.2 257 Ratings
                      Currently Unavailable $21.99
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                      35
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